[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:43:47 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 130 - INTERJURISDICTIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF SUPPORT

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

NRS 130.015           Requests between states for assistance to enforce support order; maintenance of records.

NRS 130.025           Jurisdiction by arrest.

NRS 130.035           Declaration of foreign nation as state for purposes of chapter.

NRS 130.045           Responding tribunals of State: Prohibition against staying proceedings or refusing hearings under certain circumstances; duties and powers.

INTERSTATE FAMILY SUPPORT (UNIFORM ACT)

Article 1—General Provisions

NRS 130.0902         Short title.

NRS 130.0904         Uniformity of application and construction.

NRS 130.101           Definitions.

NRS 130.10103       “Child” defined.

NRS 130.10107       “Child-support order” defined.

NRS 130.10109       “Convention” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10111       “Duty of support” defined.

NRS 130.10115       “Employer” defined.

NRS 130.10116       “Foreign country” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10117       “Foreign support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10118       “Foreign tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10119       “Home state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10119       “Home state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10123       “Income” defined.

NRS 130.10127       “Income-withholding order” defined.

NRS 130.10131       “Initiating state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10135       “Initiating tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10135       “Initiating tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10137       “Issuing foreign country” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10139       “Issuing state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10139       “Issuing state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10143       “Issuing tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10143       “Issuing tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10147       “Law” defined.

NRS 130.10151       “Obligee” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10151       “Obligee” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10155       “Obligor” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10155       “Obligor” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.101555     “Outside this State” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10156       “Person” defined.

NRS 130.10158       “Record” defined.

NRS 130.10159       “Register” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10159       “Register” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10163       “Registering tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10163       “Registering tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10167       “Responding state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10167       “Responding state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10171       “Responding tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10171       “Responding tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10175       “Spousal-support order” defined.

NRS 130.10179       “State” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10179       “State” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10183       “Support-enforcement agency” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10183       “Support-enforcement agency” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10187       “Support order” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10187       “Support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10191       “Tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.10191       “Tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.102           Tribunal of state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.102           Tribunals and support enforcement agencies of State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.103           Remedies cumulative and not exclusive. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.103           Remedies cumulative and not exclusive. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.105           Applicability to support proceedings involving foreign orders, foreign tribunals or certain persons residing in foreign country; limitations. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 2—Jurisdiction

Extended Personal Jurisdiction

NRS 130.201           Bases for jurisdiction over nonresident. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.201           Bases for jurisdiction over nonresident. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.202           Continuation of personal jurisdiction.

NRS 130.2025         Procedure when exercising jurisdiction over nonresident in proceeding relating to support order of foreign country or political subdivision. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.2025         Procedure when exercising jurisdiction over nonresident in proceeding relating to foreign support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Proceedings Involving Two or More States

NRS 130.203           Initiating and responding tribunal of State. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.203           Initiating and responding tribunal of State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.204           Simultaneous proceedings in another state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.204           Simultaneous proceedings in another state or foreign country. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.205           Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of tribunal that has issued child-support order; becoming initiating tribunal to request modification of child-support order.

NRS 130.2055         Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over spousal-support order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.2055         Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over spousal-support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.206           Enforcement and modification of child-support order by tribunal having continuing jurisdiction. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.206           Enforcement and modification of child-support order by tribunal having continuing jurisdiction. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Reconciliation of Multiple Orders

NRS 130.207           Recognition of controlling child-support order; determination of which order controls; request for determination; issuance of new controlling order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.207           Recognition of controlling child-support order; determination of which order controls; request for determination; issuance of new controlling order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.208           Multiple child-support orders for two or more obligees. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.208           Multiple child-support orders for two or more obligees. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.209           Credit for payments. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.209           Credit for payments. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 3—Civil Provisions of General Application

NRS 130.301           Proceedings under act. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.301           Proceedings under act. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.302           Action by minor parent.

NRS 130.303           Application of law of State.

NRS 130.304           Duties of initiating tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.304           Duties of initiating tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.305           Duties and powers of responding tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.305           Duties and powers of responding tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.306           Inappropriate tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.306           Inappropriate tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.307           Duties of support-enforcement agency. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.307           Duties of support-enforcement agency. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.308           Duty of Attorney General. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.308           Duties of Attorney General. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.309           Private counsel.

NRS 130.310           Duties of State Information Agency. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.310           Duties of State Information Agency. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.311           Pleadings and accompanying documents. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.311           Pleadings and accompanying documents. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.312           Nondisclosure of information in exceptional circumstances.

NRS 130.313           Costs and fees. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.313           Costs and fees. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.314           Limited immunity of petitioner.

NRS 130.315           Nonparentage as defense.

NRS 130.316           Special rules of evidence and procedure. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.316           Special rules of evidence and procedure. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.317           Communication between tribunals. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.317           Communication between tribunals. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.318           Assistance with discovery. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.318           Assistance with discovery. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.319           Receipt and disbursement of payments. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.319           Receipt and disbursements of payments. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 4—Establishment of Support Order and Determination of Parentage

NRS 130.401           Issuance of support order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.401           Issuance of support order by tribunal with personal jurisdiction. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.402           Becoming responding tribunal in proceeding to determine parentage. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 5—Enforcement of Order of Another State Without Registration

NRS 130.501           Delivery of income-withholding order of another state to employer of obligor in this State.

NRS 130.502           Employer’s compliance with income-withholding order of another state.

NRS 130.503           Employer’s compliance with multiple income-withholding orders.

NRS 130.504           Immunity from civil liability. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.504           Immunity from civil liability. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.505           Penalties for noncompliance. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.505           Penalties for noncompliance. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.506           Contest by obligor.

NRS 130.507           Administrative enforcement of orders. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.507           Administrative enforcement of orders. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 6—Enforcement and Modification of Support Order After Registration

Registration and Enforcement of Support Order

NRS 130.601           Registration of order for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.601           Registration of orders issued in other jurisdictions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.602           Procedure to register order for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.602           Procedure to register order for enforcement; exceptions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.603           Effect of registration for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.603           Effect of registration for enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.604           Choice of law; statute of limitation; prospective application of law. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.604           Choice of law; statute of limitation; prospective application of law. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Contest of Validity or Enforcement

NRS 130.605           Notice of registration of order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.605           Notice of registration of order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.606           Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.606           Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.607           Contest of registration or enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.607           Contest of registration or enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.608           Confirmed order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.608           Confirmed order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Registration and Modification of Child-Support Order

NRS 130.609           Procedure to register child-support order of another state for modification. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.609           Procedure to register child-support order of another state for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.6095         Registration of foreign child-support order not under the Convention for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.610           Effect of registration for modification. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.610           Effect of registration for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.611           Modification of child-support order of another state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.611           Modification of child-support order of another state; modification of child-support order of this State if one party resides outside this State and other party resides outside United States. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.6115         Modification of child-support order of foreign country or state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.6115         Modification of child-support order of foreign country. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.612           Effect of order modified by tribunal of another state.

NRS 130.613           Jurisdiction to modify child-support order of another state when individual parties reside in this State. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.613           Jurisdiction to modify child-support order of another state when individual parties reside in this State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.614           Notice to issuing tribunal of modification.

 

Article 7—Support Proceeding Under Convention

NRS 130.701           Tribunal of State authorized to serve as responding tribunal in proceeding to determine parentage. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7011         Definitions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7012         “Application” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7013         “Central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7014         “Convention support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7015         “Direct request” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7016         “Foreign central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7017         “Foreign support agreement” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.7018         “United States central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.702           Proceedings under Convention; limitations. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.703           Designated governmental entity to perform certain functions under Convention. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.704           Initiation by designated governmental entity of support proceeding under Convention. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.705           Direct request. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.706           Registration of Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.707           Contest of registered Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.708           Recognition and enforcement of registered Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.709           Partial enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.710           Foreign support agreement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.711           Modification of Convention child-support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.712           Personal information; limit on use. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

NRS 130.713           Record in original language; English translation. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

 

Article 8—Interstate Rendition

NRS 130.801           Grounds for rendition.

NRS 130.802           Conditions of rendition.

_________

 

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

      NRS 130.015  Requests between states for assistance to enforce support order; maintenance of records.

      1.  If a support-enforcement agency of this state receives a request from a support-enforcement agency of another state to enforce a support order, the support-enforcement agency of this state shall respond to the request as required by 42 U.S.C. § 666. The request shall be deemed to constitute a certification by the support-enforcement agency of the other state:

      (a) Of the amount of support under the order for which payment is in arrears; and

      (b) That the agency has complied with all requirements for procedural due process applicable to the case.

      2.  A support-enforcement agency of this state may, by electronic or other means, transmit to the appropriate agency of another state a request for assistance in a case involving the enforcement of a support order. The request must include:

      (a) Such information as will enable the agency to which the request is transmitted to compare information about the case to information maintained in that state; and

      (b) A certification by the support-enforcement agency of this state:

             (1) Of the amount of support under the order for which payment is in arrears; and

             (2) That the agency has complied with all requirements for procedural due process applicable to the case.

      3.  If a support-enforcement agency of this state provides assistance to a support-enforcement agency of another state pursuant to subsection 1, no support-enforcement agency of this state may, for the purposes of Title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. §§ 601 et seq.), consider the case to be transferred to the caseload of this state.

      4.  A support-enforcement agency of this state shall maintain records of:

      (a) The number of requests received from a support-enforcement agency of another state pursuant to subsection 1;

      (b) The number of cases for which the support-enforcement agency of this state collected support in response to such a request; and

      (c) The amount of support collected in response to such a request.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2328; A 1997, 2349)

      NRS 130.025  Jurisdiction by arrest.

      1.  If a tribunal of this state believes that an obligor may flee, it may:

      (a) As an initiating tribunal, request that the responding tribunal obtain the body of the obligor by appropriate process; or

      (b) As a responding tribunal, obtain the body of the obligor by appropriate process.

      2.  Thereafter, the tribunal of this state may, by appropriate process, release the obligor upon his or her own recognizance or upon the obligor giving a bond in an amount set to ensure the obligor’s appearance at the hearing.

      [17:44:1955]—(NRS A 1969, 603; 1997, 2330)

      NRS 130.035  Declaration of foreign nation as state for purposes of chapter.

      1.  When the Attorney General is satisfied that reciprocal provisions will be made by any foreign country or political subdivision for the enforcement therein of support orders made within this State, the Attorney General may declare the foreign country or political subdivision to be a state for the purpose of this chapter. Any such declaration may be revoked by the Attorney General. The Attorney General may take appropriate action to provide notification of any such declaration or revocation.

      2.  As used in this section, “foreign country or political subdivision” means a foreign sovereign nation or a political subdivision thereof.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 900; A 1975, 244; 1997, 2332; 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.045  Responding tribunals of State: Prohibition against staying proceedings or refusing hearings under certain circumstances; duties and powers.  Except as otherwise required by the provisions of this chapter, a responding tribunal of this state:

      1.  Shall not stay a proceeding or refuse a hearing pursuant to this chapter because of any pending or prior action or proceeding for divorce, separation, annulment, dissolution, habeas corpus, adoption or custody in this or any other state.

      2.  Shall hold a hearing pursuant to this chapter and may issue a support order pendente lite and, in aid thereof, require the obligor to give a bond for the prompt prosecution of the pending proceeding.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 170)

INTERSTATE FAMILY SUPPORT (UNIFORM ACT)

Article 1—General Provisions

      NRS 130.0902  Short title.  NRS 130.0902 to 130.802, inclusive, may be cited as the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311; A 2009, 124)

      NRS 130.0904  Uniformity of application and construction.  In applying and construing the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311; A 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.101  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 130.10103 to 130.10191, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311; A 2009, 124)

      NRS 130.10103  “Child” defined.  “Child” means a natural person, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by his or her parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10107  “Child-support order” defined.  “Child-support order” means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10109  “Convention” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Convention” means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at The Hague on November 23, 2007.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10111  “Duty of support” defined.  “Duty of support” means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10115  “Employer” defined.  “Employer” includes, but is not limited to, any person or other entity required to withhold income pursuant to NRS 31A.010 to 31A.190, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10116  “Foreign country” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Foreign country” means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the United States, which authorizes the issuance of support orders and:

      1.  Which has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country;

      2.  Which has established a reciprocal arrangement for child support with this State as provided in NRS 130.308;

      3.  Which has enacted a law or established procedures for the issuance and enforcement of support orders which are substantially similar to the procedures under this chapter; or

      4.  In which the Convention is in force with respect to the United States.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10117  “Foreign support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Foreign support order” means a support order of a foreign tribunal.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10118  “Foreign tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Foreign tribunal” means a court, administrative agency or quasi-judicial entity of a foreign country which is authorized to establish, enforce or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. The term includes a competent authority under the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10119  “Home state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Home state” means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least 6 consecutive months immediately preceding the time of filing a petition or comparable pleading for support and, if a child is less than 6 months old, the state in which the child lived from birth with a parent or a person acting as a parent. A period of temporary absence of any of those persons is counted as part of the 6-month or other period.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10119  “Home state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Home state” means the state or foreign country in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least 6 consecutive months immediately preceding the time of filing a petition or comparable pleading for support and, if a child is less than 6 months old, the state or foreign country in which the child lived from birth with a parent or a person acting as a parent. A period of temporary absence of any of those persons is counted as part of the 6-month or other period.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311; A 2009, 124, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10123  “Income” defined.  “Income” includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10127  “Income-withholding order” defined.  “Income-withholding order” means an order or other legal process directed to an employer of an obligor to withhold support from the income of the obligor.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311)

      NRS 130.10131  “Initiating state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Initiating state” means a state from which a proceeding is forwarded or in which a proceeding is filed for forwarding to a responding state under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act or a law or procedure substantially similar to that Act.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2311; A 2007, 119; R 2009, 140, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10135  “Initiating tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Initiating tribunal” means an authorized tribunal in an initiating state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10135  “Initiating tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Initiating tribunal” means the tribunal of a state or foreign country from which a petition or comparable pleading is forwarded or in which a petition or comparable pleading is filed for forwarding to another state or foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 124, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10137  “Issuing foreign country” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Issuing foreign country” means the foreign country in which a tribunal issues a support order of a judgment determining parentage of a child.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10139  “Issuing state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Issuing state” means a state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10139  “Issuing state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Issuing state” means a state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10143  “Issuing tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Issuing tribunal” means a tribunal that issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10143  “Issuing tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Issuing tribunal” means a tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10147  “Law” defined.  “Law” includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10151  “Obligee” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Obligee” means:

      1.  A natural person to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order has been issued or a judgment determining parentage has been rendered;

      2.  A state or political subdivision to which the rights under a duty of support or support order have been assigned or which has independent claims based on financial assistance provided to an individual obligee; or

      3.  A natural person seeking a judgment determining parentage of his or her child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10151  “Obligee” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Obligee” means:

      1.  A natural person to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child has been issued;

      2.  A foreign country, state or political subdivision of a state to which the rights under a duty of support or support order have been assigned or which has independent claims based on financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support;

      3.  A natural person seeking a judgment determining parentage of his or her child; or

      4.  A person that is a creditor in a proceeding under NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10155  “Obligor” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Obligor” means a natural person, or the estate of a decedent, who:

      1.  Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;

      2.  Is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child; or

      3.  Is liable under a support order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10155  “Obligor” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Obligor” means a natural person, or the estate of a decedent, that:

      1.  Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;

      2.  Is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child;

      3.  Is liable under a support order; or

      4.  Is a debtor in a proceeding under NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.101555  “Outside this State” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Outside this State” means a location in another state or a country other than the United States, whether or not the country is a foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10156  “Person” defined.  “Person” means a natural person, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited-liability company, association, joint venture, government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, public corporation or any other legal or commercial entity.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 117)

      NRS 130.10158  “Record” defined.  “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.10159  “Register” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Register” means to file a support order or judgment determining parentage with the clerk of a district court of this state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10159  “Register” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Register” means to file in a tribunal of this State a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or foreign country with the clerk of a district court of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10163  “Registering tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Registering tribunal” means a tribunal in which a support order is registered.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10163  “Registering tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Registering tribunal” means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10167  “Responding state” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Responding state” means a state in which a proceeding is filed or to which a proceeding is forwarded for filing from an initiating state under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act or a law or procedure substantially similar to that Act.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2007, 119)

      NRS 130.10167  “Responding state” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Responding state” means a state in which a petition or comparable pleading for support or to determine parentage of a child is filed or to which a petition or comparable pleading is forwarded for filing from another state or foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2007, 119; 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10171  “Responding tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Responding tribunal” means an authorized tribunal in a responding state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10171  “Responding tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Responding tribunal” means an authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10175  “Spousal-support order” defined.  “Spousal-support order” means a support order for a spouse or former spouse of an obligor.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312)

      NRS 130.10179  “State” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes:

      1.  An Indian tribe; and

      2.  A foreign country or political subdivision that:

      (a) Has enacted a law or established procedures for the issuance and enforcement of support orders which are substantially similar to the procedures established under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act;

      (b) Is declared to be a foreign reciprocating country or political subdivision pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 659a; or

      (c) Is declared to be a state pursuant to NRS 130.035.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2007, 119)

      NRS 130.10179  “State” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes an Indian nation or tribe.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2312; A 2007, 119; 2009, 125, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10183  “Support-enforcement agency” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Support-enforcement agency” means a public official or agency authorized to seek:

      1.  The enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;

      2.  The establishment or modification of child support;

      3.  A determination of parentage;

      4.  The location of obligors or their assets; or

      5.  A determination of the controlling child-support order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 119)

      NRS 130.10183  “Support-enforcement agency” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Support-enforcement agency” means a public official, governmental entity or private agency authorized to:

      1.  Seek enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;

      2.  Seek establishment or modification of child support;

      3.  Request determination of parentage of a child;

      4.  Attempt to locate obligors or their assets; or

      5.  Request determination of the controlling child-support order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 119; 2009, 126, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10187  “Support order” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Support order” means a judgment, decree, order or directive, whether temporary, final or subject to modification, issued by a tribunal for the benefit of a child, spouse or former spouse, which provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages or reimbursement and may include related costs and fees, interest, the withholding of income, attorney’s fees and other relief.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 119)

      NRS 130.10187  “Support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Support order” means a judgment, decree, order, decision or directive, whether temporary, final or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, spouse or former spouse, which provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. The term may include related costs and fees, interest, the withholding of income, automatic adjustment, reasonable attorney’s fees and other relief.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 119; 2009, 126, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.10191  “Tribunal” defined. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Tribunal” means a court, administrative agency or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce or modify support orders or to determine parentage.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313)

      NRS 130.10191  “Tribunal” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Tribunal” means a court, administrative agency or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2009, 126, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.102  Tribunal of state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  The district court and, within the limitations of authority granted pursuant to NRS 3.405, 125.005 or 425.381 to 425.3852, inclusive, a master or referee appointed pursuant to any of those sections, are the tribunals of this state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313)

      NRS 130.102  Tribunals and support enforcement agencies of State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  The district court and, within the limitations of authority granted pursuant to NRS 3.405, 125.005 or 425.381 to 425.3852, inclusive, a master or referee appointed pursuant to any of those sections, are the tribunals of this State.

      2.  The support enforcement agency of this State may include, without limitation, a court, a district attorney, a law enforcement agency or the Division of Welfare and Supportive Services of the Department of Health and Human Services.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2009, 126, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.103  Remedies cumulative and not exclusive. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Remedies provided by this chapter are cumulative and do not affect the availability of remedies under other law, including the recognition of a support order of a foreign country or political subdivision on the basis of comity.

      2.  This chapter does not:

      (a) Provide the exclusive method of establishing or enforcing a support order under the law of this State; or

      (b) Grant a tribunal of this State jurisdiction to render judgment or issue an order relating to child custody or visitation in a proceeding under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 120)

      NRS 130.103  Remedies cumulative and not exclusive. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Remedies provided by this chapter are cumulative and do not affect the availability of remedies under other law or the recognition of a support order on the basis of comity.

      2.  This chapter does not:

      (a) Provide the exclusive method of establishing or enforcing a support order under the law of this State; or

      (b) Grant a tribunal of this State jurisdiction to render judgment or issue an order relating to child custody or visitation in a proceeding under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 120; 2009, 126, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.105  Applicability to support proceedings involving foreign orders, foreign tribunals or certain persons residing in foreign country; limitations. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State shall apply this chapter to a support proceeding involving:

      (a) A foreign support order;

      (b) A foreign tribunal; or

      (c) An obligee, obligor or child residing in a foreign country.

      2.  A tribunal of this State that is requested to recognize and enforce a support order on the basis of comity may apply the procedural and substantive provisions of this chapter.

      3.  NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, apply only to a support proceeding under the Convention. In such a proceeding, if a provision of NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, is inconsistent with any other provision of this chapter, NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, control.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 2—Jurisdiction

Extended Personal Jurisdiction

      NRS 130.201  Bases for jurisdiction over nonresident. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  In a proceeding to establish or enforce a support order or to determine parentage, a tribunal of this State may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident if:

      (a) The nonresident is personally served with a summons or other notice of the proceeding within this State;

      (b) The nonresident submits to the jurisdiction of this State by consent in a record, by entering a general appearance or by filing a responsive document having the effect of waiving any contest to personal jurisdiction;

      (c) The nonresident resided with the child in this State;

      (d) The nonresident resided in this State and provided prenatal expenses or support for the child;

      (e) The child resides in this State as a result of the acts or directives of the nonresident;

      (f) The nonresident engaged in sexual intercourse in this State, and the child may have been conceived by that act of intercourse; or

      (g) There is any other basis consistent with the Constitution of this State and the Constitution of the United States for the exercise of personal jurisdiction.

      2.  The bases of personal jurisdiction set forth in subsection 1 or in any other law of this State may not be used to acquire personal jurisdiction for a tribunal of the State to modify a child support order of another state unless the requirements of NRS 130.611 or 130.6115 are met.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 120)

      NRS 130.201  Bases for jurisdiction over nonresident. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  In a proceeding to establish or enforce a support order or to determine parentage of a child, a tribunal of this State may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident if:

      (a) The nonresident is personally served with a summons or other notice of the proceeding within this State;

      (b) The nonresident submits to the jurisdiction of this State by consent in a record, by entering a general appearance or by filing a responsive document having the effect of waiving any contest to personal jurisdiction;

      (c) The nonresident resided with the child in this State;

      (d) The nonresident resided in this State and provided prenatal expenses or support for the child;

      (e) The child resides in this State as a result of the acts or directives of the nonresident;

      (f) The nonresident engaged in sexual intercourse in this State, and the child may have been conceived by that act of intercourse; or

      (g) There is any other basis consistent with the Constitution of this State and the Constitution of the United States for the exercise of personal jurisdiction.

      2.  The bases of personal jurisdiction set forth in subsection 1 or in any other law of this State may not be used to acquire personal jurisdiction for a tribunal of this State to modify a child support order of another state unless the requirements of NRS 130.611 are met or, in the case of a foreign support order, unless the requirements of NRS 130.6115 are met.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 120; 2009, 127, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.202  Continuation of personal jurisdiction.  Personal jurisdiction acquired by a tribunal of this State in a proceeding under this chapter or other law of this State relating to a support order continues as long as a tribunal of this State has continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify its order or continuing jurisdiction to enforce its order as provided by NRS 130.205, 130.2055 and 130.206.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2313; A 2007, 120)

      NRS 130.2025  Procedure when exercising jurisdiction over nonresident in proceeding relating to support order of foreign country or political subdivision. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State exercising personal jurisdiction over a nonresident in a proceeding under this chapter or under other law of this State relating to a support order or in a proceeding recognizing a support order of a foreign country or political subdivision on the basis of comity may receive evidence from another state pursuant to NRS 130.316, communicate with a tribunal of another state pursuant to NRS 130.317 and obtain discovery through a tribunal of another state pursuant to NRS 130.318. In all other respects, NRS 130.301 to 130.701, inclusive, do not apply and the tribunal shall apply the procedural and substantive law of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.2025  Procedure when exercising jurisdiction over nonresident in proceeding relating to foreign support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State exercising personal jurisdiction over a nonresident in a proceeding under this chapter or under other law of this State relating to a support order or in a proceeding recognizing a foreign support order may receive evidence from outside this State pursuant to NRS 130.316, communicate with a tribunal outside this State pursuant to NRS 130.317 and obtain discovery through a tribunal outside this State pursuant to NRS 130.318. In all other respects, NRS 130.301 to 130.713, inclusive, do not apply and the tribunal shall apply the procedural and substantive law of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118; A 2009, 127, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Proceedings Involving Two or More States

      NRS 130.203  Initiating and responding tribunal of State. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  Under this chapter, a tribunal of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal to forward proceedings to another state and as a responding tribunal for proceedings initiated in another state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2314)

      NRS 130.203  Initiating and responding tribunal of State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  Under this chapter, a tribunal of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal to forward proceedings to a tribunal of another state and as a responding tribunal for proceedings initiated in another state or foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2314; A 2009, 127, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.204  Simultaneous proceedings in another state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this state may exercise jurisdiction to establish a support order if the petition or comparable pleading is filed after a petition or comparable pleading is filed in another state only if:

      (a) The petition or comparable pleading in this state is filed before the expiration of the time allowed in the other state for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by the other state;

      (b) The contesting party challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in the other state in a timely manner; and

      (c) If relevant, this state is the home state of the child.

      2.  A tribunal of this state may not exercise jurisdiction to establish a support order if the petition or comparable pleading is filed before a petition or comparable pleading is filed in another state if:

      (a) The petition or comparable pleading in the other state is filed before the expiration of the time allowed in this state for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by this state;

      (b) The contesting party challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in this state in a timely manner; and

      (c) If relevant, the other state is the home state of the child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2314)

      NRS 130.204  Simultaneous proceedings in another state or foreign country. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State may exercise jurisdiction to establish a support order if the petition or comparable pleading is filed after a petition or comparable pleading is filed in another state or a foreign country only if:

      (a) The petition or comparable pleading in this State is filed before the expiration of the time allowed in the other state or the foreign country for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by the other state or the foreign country;

      (b) The contesting party challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in the other state or the foreign country in a timely manner; and

      (c) If relevant, this State is the home state of the child.

      2.  A tribunal of this State may not exercise jurisdiction to establish a support order if the petition or comparable pleading is filed before a petition or comparable pleading is filed in another state or a foreign country if:

      (a) The petition or comparable pleading in the other state or the foreign country is filed before the expiration of the time allowed in this State for filing a responsive pleading challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by this State;

      (b) The contesting party challenges the exercise of jurisdiction in this State in a timely manner; and

      (c) If relevant, the other state or the foreign country is the home state of the child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2314; A 2009, 127, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.205  Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of tribunal that has issued child-support order; becoming initiating tribunal to request modification of child-support order.

      1.  A tribunal of this State that has issued a child-support order consistent with the law of this State has and shall exercise continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify its child-support order if the order is the controlling order and:

      (a) At the time of the filing of a request for modification, this State is the residence of the obligor, the obligee who is a natural person or the child for whose benefit the support order is issued; or

      (b) Even if this State is not the residence of the obligor, the obligee who is a natural person or the child for whose benefit the support order is issued, the parties consent in a record or in open court that the tribunal of this State may continue to exercise jurisdiction to modify its order.

      2.  A tribunal of this State that has issued a child-support order consistent with the law of this State may not exercise continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify its child-support order if:

      (a) All of the parties who are natural persons file consent in a record with the tribunal of this State that a tribunal of another state that has jurisdiction over at least one of the parties who is a natural person or that is located in the state of residence of the child may modify the order and assume continuing and exclusive jurisdiction; or

      (b) Its order is not the controlling order.

      3.  If a tribunal of another state has issued a child-support order pursuant to the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act or a law substantially similar to that Act which modifies a child-support order of a tribunal of this State, tribunals of this State shall recognize the continuing and exclusive jurisdiction of the tribunal of the other state.

      4.  A tribunal of this State that lacks continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify a child-support order may serve as an initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to modify a support order issued in that state.

      5.  A temporary support order issued ex parte or pending resolution of a jurisdictional conflict does not create continuing and exclusive jurisdiction in the issuing tribunal.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2314; A 2007, 120)

      NRS 130.2055  Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over spousal-support order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State issuing a spousal-support order consistent with the law of this State has continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify the spousal-support order throughout the existence of the support obligation.

      2.  A tribunal of this State may not modify a spousal-support order issued by a tribunal of another state having continuing and exclusive jurisdiction over that order under the law of that state.

      3.  A tribunal of this State that has continuing and exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal-support order may serve as:

      (a) An initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce the spousal-support order issued in this State; or

      (b) A responding tribunal to enforce or modify its own spousal-support order.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.2055  Continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over spousal-support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State issuing a spousal-support order consistent with the law of this State has continuing and exclusive jurisdiction to modify the spousal-support order throughout the existence of the support obligation.

      2.  A tribunal of this State may not modify a spousal-support order issued by a tribunal of another state or a foreign country having continuing and exclusive jurisdiction over that order under the law of that state or foreign country.

      3.  A tribunal of this State that has continuing and exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal-support order may serve as:

      (a) An initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce the spousal-support order issued in this State; or

      (b) A responding tribunal to enforce or modify its own spousal-support order.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118; A 2009, 128, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.206  Enforcement and modification of child-support order by tribunal having continuing jurisdiction. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State that has issued a child-support order consistent with the law of this State may serve as an initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce:

      (a) The order if the order is the controlling order and has not been modified by a tribunal of another state that assumed jurisdiction pursuant to the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act; or

      (b) A money judgment for arrears of support and interest on the order accrued before a determination that an order of another state is the controlling order.

      2.  A tribunal of this State having continuing jurisdiction over a support order may act as a responding tribunal to enforce the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2315; A 2007, 122)

      NRS 130.206  Enforcement and modification of child-support order by tribunal having continuing jurisdiction. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State that has issued a child-support order consistent with the law of this State may serve as an initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to enforce:

      (a) The order if the order is the controlling order and has not been modified by a tribunal of another state that assumed jurisdiction pursuant to the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act; or

      (b) A money judgment for arrears of support and interest on the order accrued before a determination that an order of a tribunal of another state is the controlling order.

      2.  A tribunal of this State having continuing jurisdiction over a support order may act as a responding tribunal to enforce the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2315; A 2007, 122; 2009, 128, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Reconciliation of Multiple Orders

      NRS 130.207  Recognition of controlling child-support order; determination of which order controls; request for determination; issuance of new controlling order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If a proceeding is brought under this chapter and only one tribunal has issued a child-support order, the order of that tribunal controls and must be so recognized.

      2.  If a proceeding is brought under this chapter and two or more child-support orders have been issued by tribunals of this State or another state with regard to the same obligor and same child, a tribunal of this State having personal jurisdiction over both the obligor and obligee who is a natural person shall apply the following rules and by order shall determine which child-support order controls:

      (a) If only one of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, the order of that tribunal controls and must be so recognized.

      (b) If more than one of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, an order issued by a tribunal in the current home state of the child controls, but if an order has not been issued in the current home state of the child, the order most recently issued controls.

      (c) If none of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, the tribunal of this State shall issue a child-support order which controls.

      3.  If two or more child-support orders have been issued for the same obligor and same child, upon request of a party who is a natural person or a support-enforcement agency, a tribunal of this State having personal jurisdiction over both the obligor and the obligee who is a natural person shall determine which order controls under subsection 2. The request may be filed with a registration for enforcement or registration for modification pursuant to NRS 130.601 to 130.614, inclusive, or may be filed as a separate proceeding.

      4.  A request to determine which is the controlling order must be accompanied by a copy of every child-support order in effect and the applicable record of payments. The requesting party shall give notice of the request to each party whose rights may be affected by the determination.

      5.  The tribunal that issued the controlling order under subsection 1, 2 or 3 has continuing jurisdiction to the extent provided in NRS 130.205 or 130.206.

      6.  A tribunal of this State that determines by order which is the controlling order under paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 2 or subsection 3 or that issues a new controlling order under paragraph (c) of subsection 2 shall state in that order:

      (a) The basis upon which the tribunal made its determination;

      (b) The amount of prospective support, if any; and

      (c) The total amount of consolidated arrears and accrued interest, if any, under all of the orders after all payments made are credited as provided by NRS 130.209.

      7.  Within 90 days after issuance of an order determining which is the controlling order, the party obtaining the order shall file a certified copy of it in each tribunal that issued or registered an earlier order of child support. A party or support-enforcement agency obtaining the order that fails to file a certified copy is subject to appropriate sanctions by a tribunal in which the issue of failure to file arises. The failure to file does not affect the validity or enforceability of the controlling order.

      8.  An order that has been determined to be the controlling order, or a judgment for consolidated arrears of support and interest, if any, made pursuant to this section must be recognized in proceedings under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2315; A 2007, 122)

      NRS 130.207  Recognition of controlling child-support order; determination of which order controls; request for determination; issuance of new controlling order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If a proceeding is brought under this chapter and only one tribunal has issued a child-support order, the order of that tribunal controls and must be so recognized.

      2.  If a proceeding is brought under this chapter and two or more child-support orders have been issued by tribunals of this State or another state or a foreign country with regard to the same obligor and same child, a tribunal of this State having personal jurisdiction over both the obligor and obligee who is a natural person shall apply the following rules and by order shall determine which child-support order controls and must be recognized:

      (a) If only one of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, the order of that tribunal controls.

      (b) If more than one of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, an order issued by a tribunal in the current home state of the child controls, or if an order has not been issued in the current home state of the child, the order most recently issued controls.

      (c) If none of the tribunals would have continuing and exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, the tribunal of this State shall issue a child-support order which controls.

      3.  If two or more child-support orders have been issued for the same obligor and same child, upon request of a party who is a natural person or that is a support-enforcement agency, a tribunal of this State having personal jurisdiction over both the obligor and the obligee who is a natural person shall determine which order controls under subsection 2. The request may be filed with a registration for enforcement or registration for modification pursuant to NRS 130.601 to 130.713, inclusive, or may be filed as a separate proceeding.

      4.  A request to determine which is the controlling order must be accompanied by a copy of every child-support order in effect and the applicable record of payments. The requesting party shall give notice of the request to each party whose rights may be affected by the determination.

      5.  The tribunal that issued the controlling order under subsection 1, 2 or 3 has continuing jurisdiction to the extent provided in NRS 130.205 or 130.206.

      6.  A tribunal of this State that determines by order which is the controlling order under paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 2 or subsection 3 or that issues a new controlling order under paragraph (c) of subsection 2 shall state in that order:

      (a) The basis upon which the tribunal made its determination;

      (b) The amount of prospective support, if any; and

      (c) The total amount of consolidated arrears and accrued interest, if any, under all of the orders after all payments made are credited as provided by NRS 130.209.

      7.  Within 90 days after issuance of an order determining which is the controlling order, the party obtaining the order shall file a certified copy of it in each tribunal that issued or registered an earlier order of child support. A party or support-enforcement agency obtaining the order that fails to file a certified copy is subject to appropriate sanctions by a tribunal in which the issue of failure to file arises. The failure to file does not affect the validity or enforceability of the controlling order.

      8.  An order that has been determined to be the controlling order, or a judgment for consolidated arrears of support and interest, if any, made pursuant to this section must be recognized in proceedings under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2315; A 2007, 122; 2009, 128, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.208  Multiple child-support orders for two or more obligees. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  In responding to registrations or petitions for the enforcement of two or more child-support orders in effect at the same time with regard to the same obligor and different obligees who are natural persons, at least one of which was issued by a tribunal of another state, a tribunal of this State shall enforce those orders in the same manner as if the orders had been issued by a tribunal of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123)

      NRS 130.208  Multiple child-support orders for two or more obligees. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  In responding to registrations or petitions for the enforcement of two or more child-support orders in effect at the same time with regard to the same obligor and different obligees who are natural persons, at least one of which was issued by a tribunal of another state or a foreign country, a tribunal of this State shall enforce those orders in the same manner as if the orders had been issued by a tribunal of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123; 2009, 129, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.209  Credit for payments. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State shall credit amounts collected for a particular period pursuant to any child-support order against the amounts owed for the same period under any other child-support order for support of the same child issued by a tribunal of this or another state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123)

      NRS 130.209  Credit for payments. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State shall credit amounts collected for a particular period pursuant to any child-support order against the amounts owed for the same period under any other child-support order for support of the same child issued by a tribunal of this State, another state or a foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123; 2009, 130, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 3—Civil Provisions of General Application

      NRS 130.301  Proceedings under act. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, NRS 130.301 to 130.319, inclusive, apply to all proceedings under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.

      2.  A petitioner who is a natural person or a support-enforcement agency may initiate a proceeding authorized under this chapter by filing a petition in an initiating tribunal for forwarding to a responding tribunal or by filing a petition or a comparable pleading directly in a tribunal of another state which has or can obtain personal jurisdiction over the respondent.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123)

      NRS 130.301  Proceedings under act. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, NRS 130.301 to 130.319, inclusive, apply to all proceedings under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.

      2.  A petitioner who is a natural person or a support-enforcement agency may initiate a proceeding authorized under this chapter by filing a petition in an initiating tribunal for forwarding to a responding tribunal or by filing a petition or a comparable pleading directly in a tribunal of another state or a foreign country which has or can obtain personal jurisdiction over the respondent.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2316; A 2007, 123; 2009, 130, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.302  Action by minor parent.  A minor parent, or a guardian or other legal representative of a minor parent, may maintain a proceeding on behalf of or for the benefit of the minor’s child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317)

      NRS 130.303  Application of law of State.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a responding tribunal of this State:

      1.  Shall apply the procedural and substantive law generally applicable to similar proceedings originating in this State and may exercise all powers and provide all remedies available in those proceedings; and

      2.  Shall determine the duty of support and the amount payable in accordance with the law of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317; A 2007, 124)

      NRS 130.304  Duties of initiating tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Upon the filing of a petition authorized by this chapter, an initiating tribunal of this State shall forward the petition and its accompanying documents:

      (a) To the responding tribunal or appropriate support-enforcement agency in the responding state; or

      (b) If the identity of the responding tribunal is unknown, to the state information agency of the responding state with a request that they be forwarded to the appropriate tribunal and that receipt be acknowledged.

      2.  If requested by the responding tribunal, a tribunal of this State shall issue a certificate or other document and make findings required by the law of the responding state. If the responding state is a foreign country or political subdivision, upon request the tribunal shall specify the amount of support sought, convert that amount into the equivalent amount in the foreign currency under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported and provide any other documents necessary to satisfy the requirements of the responding state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317; A 2007, 124)

      NRS 130.304  Duties of initiating tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Upon the filing of a petition authorized by this chapter, an initiating tribunal of this State shall forward the petition and its accompanying documents:

      (a) To the responding tribunal or appropriate support-enforcement agency in the responding state; or

      (b) If the identity of the responding tribunal is unknown, to the state information agency of the responding state with a request that they be forwarded to the appropriate tribunal and that receipt be acknowledged.

      2.  If requested by the responding tribunal, a tribunal of this State shall issue a certificate or other document and make findings required by the law of the responding state. If the responding tribunal is in a foreign country, upon request the tribunal shall specify the amount of support sought, convert that amount into the equivalent amount in the foreign currency under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported and provide any other documents necessary to satisfy the requirements of the responding foreign tribunal.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317; A 2007, 124; 2009, 130, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.305  Duties and powers of responding tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  When a responding tribunal of this State receives a petition or comparable pleading from an initiating tribunal or directly pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 130.301, it shall cause the petition or pleading to be filed and notify the petitioner where and when it was filed.

      2.  A responding tribunal of this State, to the extent not prohibited by other law, may do one or more of the following:

      (a) Issue or enforce a support order, modify a child-support order, determine the controlling child-support order or determine parentage;

      (b) Order an obligor to comply with a support order, specifying the amount and the manner of compliance;

      (c) Order the withholding of income;

      (d) Determine the amount of any arrearages and specify a method of payment;

      (e) Enforce orders by civil or criminal contempt, or both;

      (f) Set aside property for satisfaction of the support order;

      (g) Place liens and order execution on the obligor’s property;

      (h) Order an obligor to keep the tribunal informed of his or her current residential address, telephone number, employer, address of employment and telephone number at the place of employment;

      (i) Issue a bench warrant for an obligor who has failed after proper notice to appear at a hearing ordered by the tribunal and enter the bench warrant in any local and state computer systems for criminal warrants;

      (j) Order the obligor to seek appropriate employment by specified methods;

      (k) Award reasonable attorney’s fees and other fees and costs; and

      (l) Grant any other available remedy.

      3.  A responding tribunal of this State shall include in a support order issued under this chapter, or in the documents accompanying the order, the calculations on which the support order is based.

      4.  A responding tribunal of this State may not condition the payment of a support order issued under this chapter upon compliance by a party with provisions for visitation.

      5.  If a responding tribunal of this State issues an order under this chapter, the tribunal shall send a copy of the order to the petitioner and the respondent and to the initiating tribunal, if any.

      6.  If requested to enforce a support order, arrears or judgment or modify a support order stated in a foreign currency, a responding tribunal of this State shall convert the amount stated in the foreign currency to the equivalent amount in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317; A 2007, 125)

      NRS 130.305  Duties and powers of responding tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  When a responding tribunal of this State receives a petition or comparable pleading from an initiating tribunal or directly pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 130.301, it shall cause the petition or pleading to be filed and notify the petitioner where and when it was filed.

      2.  A responding tribunal of this State, to the extent not prohibited by other law, may do one or more of the following:

      (a) Establish or enforce a support order, modify a child-support order, determine the controlling child-support order or determine parentage of a child;

      (b) Order an obligor to comply with a support order, specifying the amount and the manner of compliance;

      (c) Order the withholding of income;

      (d) Determine the amount of any arrearages and specify a method of payment;

      (e) Enforce orders by civil or criminal contempt, or both;

      (f) Set aside property for satisfaction of the support order;

      (g) Place liens and order execution on the obligor’s property;

      (h) Order an obligor to keep the tribunal informed of his or her current residential address, electronic mail address, telephone number, employer, address of employment and telephone number at the place of employment;

      (i) Issue a bench warrant for an obligor who has failed after proper notice to appear at a hearing ordered by the tribunal and enter the bench warrant in any local and state computer systems for criminal warrants;

      (j) Order the obligor to seek appropriate employment by specified methods;

      (k) Award reasonable attorney’s fees and other fees and costs; and

      (l) Grant any other available remedy.

      3.  A responding tribunal of this State shall include in a support order issued under this chapter, or in the documents accompanying the order, the calculations on which the support order is based.

      4.  A responding tribunal of this State may not condition the payment of a support order issued under this chapter upon compliance by a party with provisions for visitation.

      5.  If a responding tribunal of this State issues an order under this chapter, the tribunal shall send a copy of the order to the petitioner and the respondent and to the initiating tribunal, if any.

      6.  If requested to enforce a support order, arrears or judgment or modify a support order stated in a foreign currency, a responding tribunal of this State shall convert the amount stated in the foreign currency to the equivalent amount in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2317; A 2007, 125; 2009, 130, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.306  Inappropriate tribunal. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  If a petition or comparable pleading is received by an inappropriate tribunal of this State, the tribunal shall forward the pleading and accompanying documents to an appropriate tribunal in this State or another state and notify the petitioner where and when the pleading was sent.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 125)

      NRS 130.306  Inappropriate tribunal. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  If a petition or comparable pleading is received by an inappropriate tribunal of this State, the tribunal shall forward the pleading and accompanying documents to an appropriate tribunal of this State or another state and notify the petitioner where and when the pleading was sent.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 125; 2009, 131, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.307  Duties of support-enforcement agency. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support-enforcement agency of this State, upon request, shall provide services to a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter.

      2.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that is providing services to the petitioner shall:

      (a) Take all steps necessary to enable an appropriate tribunal in this State or another state to obtain jurisdiction over the respondent;

      (b) Request an appropriate tribunal to set a date, time and place for a hearing;

      (c) Make a reasonable effort to obtain all relevant information, including information as to the income and property of the parties;

      (d) Within 5 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after receipt of notice in a record from an initiating, responding or registering tribunal, send a copy of the notice to the petitioner;

      (e) Within 5 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after receipt of communication in a record from the respondent or his or her attorney, send a copy of the communication to the petitioner; and

      (f) Notify the petitioner if jurisdiction over the respondent cannot be obtained.

      3.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that requests registration of a child-support order in this State for enforcement or for modification shall make reasonable efforts:

      (a) To ensure that the order to be registered is the controlling order; or

      (b) If two or more child-support orders exist and the identity of the controlling order has not been determined, to ensure that a request for such a determination is made in a tribunal having jurisdiction to do so.

      4.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that requests registration and enforcement of a support order, arrears or judgment stated in a foreign currency shall convert the amounts stated in the foreign currency into the equivalent amounts in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.

      5.  A support-enforcement agency of this State shall request a tribunal of this State to issue a child-support order and an income-withholding order that redirect payment of current support, arrears and interest if requested to do so by a support-enforcement agency of another state pursuant to a law similar to NRS 130.319.

      6.  This chapter does not create or negate a relationship of attorney and client or other fiduciary relationship between a support-enforcement agency or the attorney for the agency and the natural person being assisted by the agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 125)

      NRS 130.307  Duties of support-enforcement agency. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support-enforcement agency of this State, upon request, shall provide services to a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter.

      2.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that is providing services to the petitioner shall:

      (a) Take all steps necessary to enable an appropriate tribunal of this State, another state or a foreign country to obtain jurisdiction over the respondent;

      (b) Request an appropriate tribunal to set a date, time and place for a hearing;

      (c) Make a reasonable effort to obtain all relevant information, including information as to the income and property of the parties;

      (d) Within 5 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after receipt of notice in a record from an initiating, responding or registering tribunal, send a copy of the notice to the petitioner;

      (e) Within 5 days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, after receipt of communication in a record from the respondent or his or her attorney, send a copy of the communication to the petitioner; and

      (f) Notify the petitioner if jurisdiction over the respondent cannot be obtained.

      3.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that requests registration of a child-support order in this State for enforcement or for modification shall make reasonable efforts:

      (a) To ensure that the order to be registered is the controlling order; or

      (b) If two or more child-support orders exist and the identity of the controlling order has not been determined, to ensure that a request for such a determination is made in a tribunal having jurisdiction to do so.

      4.  A support-enforcement agency of this State that requests registration and enforcement of a support order, arrears or judgment stated in a foreign currency shall convert the amounts stated in the foreign currency into the equivalent amounts in dollars under the applicable official or market exchange rate as publicly reported.

      5.  A support-enforcement agency of this State shall request a tribunal of this State to issue a child-support order and an income-withholding order that redirect payment of current support, arrears and interest if requested to do so by a support-enforcement agency of another state pursuant to a law similar to NRS 130.319.

      6.  This chapter does not create or negate a relationship of attorney and client or other fiduciary relationship between a support-enforcement agency or the attorney for the agency and the natural person being assisted by the agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 125; 2009, 131, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.308  Duty of Attorney General. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  If the Attorney General determines that a support-enforcement agency is neglecting or refusing to provide services to a natural person, the Attorney General may order the agency to perform its duties under this chapter or may provide those services directly to the person.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 126)

      NRS 130.308  Duties of Attorney General. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If the Attorney General determines that a support-enforcement agency is neglecting or refusing to provide services to a natural person, the Attorney General may order the agency to perform its duties under this chapter or may provide those services directly to the person.

      2.  The Attorney General may determine that a foreign country has established a reciprocal arrangement for child support with this State and take appropriate action for notification of the determination.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2318; A 2007, 126; 2009, 132, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.309  Private counsel.  A natural person may employ private counsel to represent him or her in proceedings authorized by this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319)

      NRS 130.310  Duties of State Information Agency. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  The central unit established pursuant to NRS 425.400 is the State Information Agency under this chapter.

      2.  The State Information Agency shall:

      (a) Compile and maintain a current list, including addresses, of the tribunals in this State which have jurisdiction under this chapter and any support-enforcement agencies in this State and transmit a copy to the state information agency of every other state;

      (b) Maintain a register of names and addresses of tribunals and support-enforcement agencies received from other states;

      (c) Forward to the appropriate tribunal in the county in this State in which an obligee who is a natural person or obligor resides, or in which an obligor’s property is believed to be located, all documents concerning a proceeding under this chapter received from an initiating tribunal or the state information agency of the initiating state; and

      (d) Obtain information concerning the location of an obligor and the obligor’s property within this State that is not exempt from execution, by such means as postal verification and federal or state locator services, examination of telephone directories, requests for the obligor’s address from employers and examination of governmental records, including, to the extent not prohibited by other law, records relating to real property, vital statistics, law enforcement, taxation, motor vehicles, driver’s licenses and social security.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 126)

      NRS 130.310  Duties of State Information Agency. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  The central unit established pursuant to NRS 425.400 is the State Information Agency under this chapter.

      2.  The State Information Agency shall:

      (a) Compile and maintain a current list, including addresses, of the tribunals in this State which have jurisdiction under this chapter and any support-enforcement agencies in this State and transmit a copy to the state information agency of every other state;

      (b) Maintain a register of names and addresses of tribunals and support-enforcement agencies received from other states;

      (c) Forward to the appropriate tribunal in the county in this State in which an obligee who is a natural person or obligor resides, or in which an obligor’s property is believed to be located, all documents concerning a proceeding under this chapter received from another state or a foreign country; and

      (d) Obtain information concerning the location of an obligor and the obligor’s property within this State that is not exempt from execution, by such means as postal verification and federal or state locator services, examination of telephone directories, requests for the obligor’s address from employers and examination of governmental records, including, to the extent not prohibited by other law, records relating to real property, vital statistics, law enforcement, taxation, motor vehicles, driver’s licenses and social security.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 126; 2009, 132, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.311  Pleadings and accompanying documents. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  In a proceeding under this chapter, a petitioner seeking to establish a support order, to determine parentage or to register and modify a support order of another state must file a petition. Unless otherwise ordered pursuant to NRS 130.312, the petition or accompanying documents must provide, so far as known, the name, residential address and social security number of the obligor and the obligee or the parent and alleged parent, and the name, sex, residential address, social security number and date of birth of each child for whose benefit support is sought or whose parentage is to be determined. Unless filed at the time of registration, the petition must be accompanied by a copy of any support order known to have been issued by another tribunal. The petition may include any other information that may assist in locating or identifying the respondent.

      2.  The petition must specify the relief sought. The petition and accompanying documents must conform substantially with the requirements imposed by the forms mandated by federal law for use in cases filed by a support-enforcement agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 127)

      NRS 130.311  Pleadings and accompanying documents. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  In a proceeding under this chapter, a petitioner seeking to establish a support order, to determine parentage of a child or to register and modify a support order of a tribunal of another state or a foreign country must file a petition. Unless otherwise ordered pursuant to NRS 130.312, the petition or accompanying documents must provide, so far as known, the name, residential address and social security number of the obligor and the obligee or the parent and alleged parent, and the name, sex, residential address, social security number and date of birth of each child for whose benefit support is sought or whose parentage is to be determined. Unless filed at the time of registration, the petition must be accompanied by a copy of any support order known to have been issued by another tribunal. The petition may include any other information that may assist in locating or identifying the respondent.

      2.  The petition must specify the relief sought. The petition and accompanying documents must conform substantially with the requirements imposed by the forms mandated by federal law for use in cases filed by a support-enforcement agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 127; 2009, 133, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.312  Nondisclosure of information in exceptional circumstances.  If a party alleges in an affidavit or a pleading under oath that the health, safety or liberty of a party or child would be jeopardized by the disclosure of specific identifying information, that information must be sealed and may not be disclosed to the other party or the public. After a hearing in which a tribunal takes into consideration the health, safety or liberty of the party or child, the tribunal may order disclosure of information that the tribunal determines to be in the interest of justice.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 127)

      NRS 130.313  Costs and fees. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise required pursuant to Section 16 of Article 6 of the Nevada Constitution, a petitioner must not be required to pay a filing fee or other costs.

      2.  If an obligee prevails, a responding tribunal may assess against an obligor filing fees, reasonable attorney’s fees and other costs, expenses for necessary travel and other reasonable expenses incurred by the obligee and the witnesses of the obligee. The tribunal may not assess fees, costs or expenses against the obligee or the support-enforcement agency of either the initiating or the responding state, except as otherwise provided by other law. Attorney’s fees may be taxed as costs and may be ordered to be paid directly to the attorney, who may enforce the order in his or her own name. Payment of support owed to the obligee has priority over fees, costs and expenses.

      3.  The tribunal shall order the payment of costs and reasonable attorney’s fees if it determines that a hearing was requested primarily for delay. In a proceeding pursuant to NRS 130.601 to 130.614, inclusive, a hearing is presumed to have been requested primarily for delay if a registered support order is confirmed or enforced without change. This presumption is subject to rebuttal.

      4.  All attorney’s fees and other costs and expenses awarded to and collected by a district attorney pursuant to this section must be deposited in the general fund of the county and an equivalent amount must be allocated to augment the county’s program for the enforcement of support obligations.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 127)

      NRS 130.313  Costs and fees. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise required pursuant to Section 16 of Article 6 of the Nevada Constitution, a petitioner must not be required to pay a filing fee or other costs.

      2.  If an obligee prevails, a responding tribunal of this State may assess against an obligor filing fees, reasonable attorney’s fees and other costs, expenses for necessary travel and other reasonable expenses incurred by the obligee and the witnesses of the obligee. The tribunal may not assess fees, costs or expenses against the obligee or the support-enforcement agency of either the initiating or the responding state or foreign country, except as otherwise provided by other law. Attorney’s fees may be taxed as costs and may be ordered to be paid directly to the attorney, who may enforce the order in his or her own name. Payment of support owed to the obligee has priority over fees, costs and expenses.

      3.  The tribunal shall order the payment of costs and reasonable attorney’s fees if it determines that a hearing was requested primarily for delay. In a proceeding pursuant to NRS 130.601 to 130.713, inclusive, a hearing is presumed to have been requested primarily for delay if a registered support order is confirmed or enforced without change. This presumption is subject to rebuttal.

      4.  All attorney’s fees and other costs and expenses awarded to and collected by a district attorney pursuant to this section must be deposited in the general fund of the county and an equivalent amount must be allocated to augment the county’s program for the enforcement of support obligations.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2319; A 2007, 127; 2009, 133, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.314  Limited immunity of petitioner.

      1.  Participation by a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter before a responding tribunal, whether in person, by private attorney or through services provided by a support-enforcement agency, does not confer personal jurisdiction over the petitioner in another proceeding.

      2.  A petitioner is not amenable to service of civil process while physically present in this State to participate in a proceeding under this chapter.

      3.  The immunity granted by this section does not extend to civil litigation based on acts unrelated to a proceeding under this chapter committed by a party while present in this State to participate in the proceeding.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2320; A 2007, 128)

      NRS 130.315  Nonparentage as defense.  A party whose parentage of a child has been previously determined by or pursuant to law may not plead nonparentage as a defense to a proceeding under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2320)

      NRS 130.316  Special rules of evidence and procedure. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  The physical presence of a nonresident party who is a natural person in a tribunal of this State is not required for the establishment, enforcement or modification of a support order or the rendition of a judgment determining parentage.

      2.  An affidavit, a document substantially complying with federally mandated forms or a document incorporated by reference in any of them, which would not be excluded under the hearsay rule in NRS 51.065 if given in person, is admissible in evidence if given under penalty of perjury by a party or witness residing in another state.

      3.  A copy of the record of child-support payments certified as a true copy of the original by the custodian of the record may be forwarded to a responding tribunal. The copy is evidence of facts asserted therein and is admissible to show whether payments were made.

      4.  Copies of bills for testing for parentage, and for prenatal and postnatal health care of the mother and child, furnished to the adverse party at least 20 days before trial are admissible in evidence to prove the amount of the charges billed and that the charges were reasonable, necessary and customary.

      5.  Documentary evidence transmitted from another state to a tribunal of this State by telephone, telecopier or other means that do not provide an original record may not be excluded from evidence on an objection based on the means of transmission.

      6.  In a proceeding under this chapter, a tribunal of this State shall permit a party or witness residing in another state to be deposed or to testify by telephone, audiovisual means or other electronic means at a designated tribunal or other location in that state. A tribunal of this State shall cooperate with tribunals of other states in designating an appropriate location for the deposition or testimony.

      7.  In a civil proceeding under this chapter, if a party called to testify refuses to answer a question on the ground that the testimony may be self-incriminating, the trier of fact may draw an adverse inference from the refusal.

      8.  A privilege against the disclosure of communications between husband and wife does not apply in a proceeding under this chapter.

      9.  The defense of immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or parent and child does not apply in a proceeding under this chapter.

      10.  A voluntary acknowledgment of paternity, certified as a true copy, is admissible to establish parentage of the child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2320; A 2007, 128)

      NRS 130.316  Special rules of evidence and procedure. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  The physical presence of a nonresident party who is a natural person in a tribunal of this State is not required for the establishment, enforcement or modification of a support order or the rendition of a judgment determining parentage of a child.

      2.  An affidavit, a document substantially complying with federally mandated forms or a document incorporated by reference in any of them, which would not be excluded under the hearsay rule in NRS 51.065 if given in person, is admissible in evidence if given under penalty of perjury by a party or witness residing outside this State.

      3.  A copy of the record of child-support payments certified as a true copy of the original by the custodian of the record may be forwarded to a responding tribunal. The copy is evidence of facts asserted therein and is admissible to show whether payments were made.

      4.  Copies of bills for testing for parentage of a child, and for prenatal and postnatal health care of the mother and child, furnished to the adverse party at least 20 days before trial are admissible in evidence to prove the amount of the charges billed and that the charges were reasonable, necessary and customary.

      5.  Documentary evidence transmitted from outside this State to a tribunal of this State by telephone, telecopier or other electronic means that do not provide an original record may not be excluded from evidence on an objection based on the means of transmission.

      6.  In a proceeding under this chapter, a tribunal of this State shall permit a party or witness residing outside this State to be deposed or to testify by telephone, audiovisual means or other electronic means at a designated tribunal or other location. A tribunal of this State shall cooperate with other tribunals in designating an appropriate location for the deposition or testimony.

      7.  In a civil proceeding under this chapter, if a party called to testify refuses to answer a question on the ground that the testimony may be self-incriminating, the trier of fact may draw an adverse inference from the refusal.

      8.  A privilege against the disclosure of communications between husband and wife does not apply in a proceeding under this chapter.

      9.  The defense of immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or parent and child does not apply in a proceeding under this chapter.

      10.  A voluntary acknowledgment of paternity, certified as a true copy, is admissible to establish parentage of the child.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2320; A 2007, 128; 2009, 133, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.317  Communication between tribunals. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State may communicate with a tribunal of another state or foreign country or political subdivision in a record, or by telephone or other means, to obtain information concerning the laws of that state or foreign country or political subdivision, the legal effect of a judgment, decree or order of that tribunal, and the status of a proceeding in the other state or foreign country or political subdivision. A tribunal of this State may furnish similar information by similar means to a tribunal of another state or foreign country or political subdivision.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129)

      NRS 130.317  Communication between tribunals. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State may communicate with a tribunal outside this State in a record, or by telephone, electronic mail or other means, to obtain information concerning the laws of that state or foreign country or political subdivision, the legal effect of a judgment, decree or order of that tribunal, and the status of a proceeding. A tribunal of this State may furnish similar information by similar means to a tribunal outside this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129; 2009, 134, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.318  Assistance with discovery. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this state may:

      1.  Request a tribunal of another state to assist in obtaining discovery; and

      2.  Upon request, compel a person over whom it has jurisdiction to respond to a discovery order issued by a tribunal of another state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321)

      NRS 130.318  Assistance with discovery. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State may:

      1.  Request a tribunal outside this State to assist in obtaining discovery; and

      2.  Upon request, compel a person over which it has jurisdiction to respond to a discovery order issued by a tribunal outside this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2009, 134, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.319  Receipt and disbursement of payments. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support-enforcement agency or tribunal of this State shall disburse promptly any amounts received pursuant to a support order, as directed by the order. The agency or tribunal shall furnish to a requesting party or tribunal of another state a certified statement by the custodian of the record of the amounts and dates of all payments received.

      2.  If neither the obligor, nor the obligee who is a natural person, nor the child resides in this State, upon request from a support-enforcement agency of this State or another state, a tribunal of this State shall:

      (a) Direct that the support payment be made to the support-enforcement agency in the state in which the obligee is receiving services; and

      (b) Issue and send to the employer of the obligor a conforming income-withholding order or an administrative notice of change of payee, reflecting the redirected payments.

      3.  A support-enforcement agency of this State receiving redirected payments from another state pursuant to a law similar to subsection 2 shall furnish to a requesting party or tribunal of the other state a certified statement by the custodian of the record of the amount and dates of all payments received.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129)

      NRS 130.319  Receipt and disbursements of payments. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support-enforcement agency or tribunal of this State shall disburse promptly any amounts received pursuant to a support order, as directed by the order. The agency or tribunal shall furnish to a requesting party or tribunal of another state or a foreign country a certified statement by the custodian of the record of the amounts and dates of all payments received.

      2.  If neither the obligor, nor the obligee who is a natural person, nor the child resides in this State, upon request from a support-enforcement agency of this State or another state, a tribunal of this State shall:

      (a) Direct that the support payment be made to the support-enforcement agency in the state in which the obligee is receiving services; and

      (b) Issue and send to the employer of the obligor a conforming income-withholding order or an administrative notice of change of payee, reflecting the redirected payments.

      3.  A support-enforcement agency of this State receiving redirected payments from another state pursuant to a law similar to subsection 2 shall furnish to a requesting party or tribunal of the other state a certified statement by the custodian of the record of the amount and dates of all payments received.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129; 2009, 134, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 4—Establishment of Support Order and Determination of Parentage

      NRS 130.401  Issuance of support order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If a support order entitled to recognition under this chapter has not been issued, a responding tribunal of this State may issue a support order if:

      (a) The natural person seeking the order resides in another state; or

      (b) The support-enforcement agency seeking the order is located in another state.

      2.  The tribunal may issue a temporary child-support order if the tribunal determines that such an order is appropriate and the natural person ordered to pay is:

      (a) A presumed father of the child under subsection 1 of NRS 126.051;

      (b) Petitioning to have his paternity adjudicated;

      (c) Identified as the father of the child through genetic testing;

      (d) An alleged father who has declined to submit to genetic testing;

      (e) Shown by clear and convincing evidence to be the father of the child;

      (f) An acknowledged father as provided by NRS 126.053;

      (g) The mother of the child; or

      (h) A natural person who has been ordered to pay child support in a previous proceeding and the order has not been reversed or vacated.

      3.  Upon finding, after notice and opportunity to be heard, that an obligor owes a duty of support, the tribunal shall issue a support order directed to the obligor and may issue other orders pursuant to NRS 130.305.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129)

      NRS 130.401  Issuance of support order by tribunal with personal jurisdiction. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If a support order entitled to recognition under this chapter has not been issued, a responding tribunal of this State with personal jurisdiction over the parties may issue a support order if:

      (a) The natural person seeking the order resides outside this State; or

      (b) The support-enforcement agency seeking the order is located outside this State.

      2.  The tribunal may issue a temporary child-support order if the tribunal determines that such an order is appropriate and the natural person ordered to pay is:

      (a) A presumed father of the child under subsection 1 of NRS 126.051;

      (b) Petitioning to have his paternity adjudicated;

      (c) Identified as the father of the child through genetic testing;

      (d) An alleged father who has declined to submit to genetic testing;

      (e) Shown by clear and convincing evidence to be the father of the child;

      (f) An acknowledged father as provided by NRS 126.053;

      (g) The mother of the child; or

      (h) A natural person who has been ordered to pay child support in a previous proceeding and the order has not been reversed or vacated.

      3.  Upon finding, after notice and opportunity to be heard, that an obligor owes a duty of support, the tribunal shall issue a support order directed to the obligor and may issue other orders pursuant to NRS 130.305.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2321; A 2007, 129; 2009, 135, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.402  Becoming responding tribunal in proceeding to determine parentage. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State authorized to determine parentage of a child may serve as a responding tribunal in a proceeding to determine parentage of a child brought under this chapter or a law or procedure substantially similar to this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 5—Enforcement of Order of Another State Without Registration

      NRS 130.501  Delivery of income-withholding order of another state to employer of obligor in this State.  An income-withholding order issued in another state may be sent by or on behalf of the obligee or by a support-enforcement agency to an employer of an obligor in this State without first filing a petition or comparable pleading or registering the order with a tribunal of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2322; A 2007, 130)

      NRS 130.502  Employer’s compliance with income-withholding order of another state.

      1.  Upon receipt of an income-withholding order, an employer of an obligor shall immediately provide a copy of the order to the obligor.

      2.  The employer shall treat an income-withholding order issued in another state that appears regular on its face as if it had been issued by a tribunal of this State.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4 and NRS 130.503, the employer shall withhold and distribute the money as directed in the withholding order by complying with terms of the order which specify:

      (a) The duration and amount of periodic payments of current child support, stated as a sum certain;

      (b) The person designated to receive payments and the address to which the payments are to be forwarded;

      (c) Requirements for medical support, whether in the form of periodic cash payment, stated as a sum certain, or ordering the obligor to provide health insurance coverage for the child under a policy available through the obligor’s employment;

      (d) The amount of periodic payments of fees and costs for a support-enforcement agency, the issuing tribunal and the obligee’s attorney, stated as sums certain; and

      (e) The amount of periodic payments of arrearages and interest on arrearages, stated as sums certain.

      4.  An employer shall comply with the law of the state of the obligor’s principal place of employment for withholding from income with respect to:

      (a) The employer’s fee for processing an income-withholding order;

      (b) The maximum amount permitted to be withheld from the obligor’s income;

      (c) The times within which the employer must implement the withholding order and forward the child-support payment; and

      (d) Any terms or conditions of withholding not specified in the withholding order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2322; A 2007, 130)

      NRS 130.503  Employer’s compliance with multiple income-withholding orders.  If an employer of an obligor receives two or more income-withholding orders with respect to the earnings of the same obligor, the employer satisfies the terms of the orders if the employer complies with the law of the state of the obligor’s principal place of employment to establish the priorities for withholding and allocating income withheld for two or more child-support obligees.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2322; A 2007, 131)

      NRS 130.504  Immunity from civil liability. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  An employer who complies with an income-withholding order issued in another state in accordance with NRS 130.501 to 130.507, inclusive, is not subject to civil liability to a natural person or agency with regard to the withholding of child support by the employer from the income of the obligor.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323)

      NRS 130.504  Immunity from civil liability. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  An employer that complies with an income-withholding order issued in another state in accordance with NRS 130.501 to 130.507, inclusive, is not subject to civil liability to a natural person or agency with regard to the withholding of child support by the employer from the income of the obligor.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323; A 2009, 135, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.505  Penalties for noncompliance. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  An employer who willfully fails to comply with an income-withholding order issued by another state and received for enforcement is subject to the same penalties that may be imposed for noncompliance with an order issued by a tribunal of this state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323)

      NRS 130.505  Penalties for noncompliance. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  An employer who willfully fails to comply with an income-withholding order issued in another state and received for enforcement is subject to the same penalties that may be imposed for noncompliance with an order issued by a tribunal of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323; A 2009, 135, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.506  Contest by obligor.

      1.  An obligor may contest the validity or enforcement of an income-withholding order issued in another state and received directly by an employer in this State by registering the order in a tribunal of this State and filing a contest to that order as provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.713, inclusive, or otherwise contesting the order in the same manner as if the order had been issued by a tribunal of this State.

      2.  The obligor shall give notice of the contest to:

      (a) A support-enforcement agency providing services to the obligee;

      (b) Each employer that has directly received an income-withholding order relating to the obligor; and

      (c) The person designated to receive payments in the income-withholding order, or if no person is designated, to the obligee.

      3.  The obligor has the burden of proving one or more of the following defenses:

      (a) The tribunal that issued the order lacked personal jurisdiction over the obligor;

      (b) The order was obtained by fraud;

      (c) The order has been vacated, suspended, stayed or modified by a later order; or

      (d) There is a mistake of fact as to the amount of the order or the identity of the obligor.

      4.  The provisions of NRS 130.604 apply to the contest. If the tribunal determines:

      (a) Any of the defenses presented pursuant to subsection 3 in favor of the obligor, it shall issue an order to stay the withholding.

      (b) None of the defenses presented pursuant to subsection 3 in favor of the obligor, it shall order the employer to proceed with the withholding, and may assess costs and attorney’s fees against the obligor.

      5.  The tribunal shall provide the parties and employer with notice of its decision within 45 days after the obligor received a copy of the order pursuant to NRS 130.502.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323; A 2007, 131)

      NRS 130.507  Administrative enforcement of orders. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A party or support-enforcement agency seeking to enforce a support order or an income-withholding order, or both, issued by a tribunal of another state may send the documents required for registering the order to a support-enforcement agency of this State.

      2.  Upon receipt of the documents, the support-enforcement agency, without initially seeking to register the order, shall consider and, if appropriate, use any administrative procedure authorized by the law of this State to enforce a support order or an income-withholding order, or both. If the obligor does not contest administrative enforcement, the order need not be registered. If the obligor contests the validity or administrative enforcement of the order, the support-enforcement agency shall register the order pursuant to this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323; A 2007, 131)

      NRS 130.507  Administrative enforcement of orders. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A party or support-enforcement agency seeking to enforce a support order or an income-withholding order, or both, issued in another state or a foreign support order may send the documents required for registering the order to a support-enforcement agency of this State.

      2.  Upon receipt of the documents, the support-enforcement agency, without initially seeking to register the order, shall consider and, if appropriate, use any administrative procedure authorized by the law of this State to enforce a support order or an income-withholding order, or both. If the obligor does not contest administrative enforcement, the order need not be registered. If the obligor contests the validity or administrative enforcement of the order, the support-enforcement agency shall register the order pursuant to this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2323; A 2007, 131; 2009, 136, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 6—Enforcement and Modification of Support Order After Registration

Registration and Enforcement of Support Order

      NRS 130.601  Registration of order for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A support order or income-withholding order issued by a tribunal of another state may be registered in this State for enforcement.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 132)

      NRS 130.601  Registration of orders issued in other jurisdictions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A support order or income-withholding order issued in another state or a foreign support order may be registered in this State for enforcement.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 132; 2009, 136, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.602  Procedure to register order for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support order or income-withholding order of another state may be registered in this State by sending the following records and information to the appropriate tribunal in this State:

      (a) A letter of transmittal requesting registration and enforcement;

      (b) Two copies, including one certified copy, of the order to be registered, including any modification of the order;

      (c) A sworn statement by the person requesting registration or a certified statement by the custodian of the records showing the amount of any arrearage;

      (d) The name of the obligor and, if known:

             (1) The address and social security number of the obligor;

             (2) The name and address of the employer of the obligor and any other source of income of the obligor; and

             (3) A description and the location of property of the obligor in this State that is not exempt from execution; and

      (e) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.312, the name and address of the obligee and, if applicable, the person to whom support payments are to be remitted.

      2.  On receipt of a request for registration, the registering tribunal shall cause the order to be filed as a foreign judgment, together with one copy of the documents and information, regardless of their form.

      3.  A petition or comparable pleading seeking a remedy that must be affirmatively sought under other law of this State may be filed at the same time as the request for registration or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for the remedy sought.

      4.  If two or more orders are in effect, the person requesting registration shall:

      (a) Furnish to the tribunal a copy of every support order asserted to be in effect in addition to the documents specified in this section;

      (b) Specify the order alleged to be the controlling order, if any; and

      (c) Specify the amount of consolidated arrears, if any.

      5.  A request for a determination of which is the controlling order may be filed separately or with a request for registration and enforcement or for registration and modification. The person requesting registration shall give notice of the request to each party whose rights may be affected by the determination.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 132)

      NRS 130.602  Procedure to register order for enforcement; exceptions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.706, a support order or income-withholding order of another state or a foreign support order may be registered in this State by sending the following records to the appropriate tribunal of this State:

      (a) A letter of transmittal requesting registration and enforcement;

      (b) Two copies, including one certified copy, of the order to be registered, including any modification of the order;

      (c) A sworn statement by the person requesting registration or a certified statement by the custodian of the records showing the amount of any arrearage;

      (d) The name of the obligor and, if known:

             (1) The address and social security number of the obligor;

             (2) The name and address of the employer of the obligor and any other source of income of the obligor; and

             (3) A description and the location of property of the obligor in this State that is not exempt from execution; and

      (e) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.312, the name and address of the obligee and, if applicable, the person to whom support payments are to be remitted.

      2.  On receipt of a request for registration, the registering tribunal shall cause the order to be filed as an order of another state or a foreign country, together with one copy of the documents and information, regardless of their form.

      3.  A petition or comparable pleading seeking a remedy that must be affirmatively sought under other law of this State may be filed at the same time as the request for registration or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for the remedy sought.

      4.  If two or more orders are in effect, the person requesting registration shall:

      (a) Furnish to the tribunal a copy of every support order asserted to be in effect in addition to the documents specified in this section;

      (b) Specify the order alleged to be the controlling order, if any; and

      (c) Specify the amount of consolidated arrears, if any.

      5.  A request for a determination of which is the controlling order may be filed separately or with a request for registration and enforcement or for registration and modification. The person requesting registration shall give notice of the request to each party whose rights may be affected by the determination.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 132; 2009, 136, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.603  Effect of registration for enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support order or income-withholding order issued in another state is registered when the order is filed in the registering tribunal of this State.

      2.  A registered order issued in another state is enforceable in the same manner and is subject to the same procedures as an order issued by a tribunal of this State.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.614, inclusive, a tribunal of this State shall recognize and enforce, but may not modify, a registered order if the issuing tribunal had jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133)

      NRS 130.603  Effect of registration for enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A support order or income-withholding order issued in another state or a foreign support order is registered when the order is filed in the registering tribunal of this State.

      2.  A registered support order issued in another state or a foreign country is enforceable in the same manner and is subject to the same procedures as an order issued by a tribunal of this State.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.713, inclusive, a tribunal of this State shall recognize and enforce, but may not modify, a registered support order if the issuing tribunal had jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133; 2009, 137, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.604  Choice of law; statute of limitation; prospective application of law. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the law of the issuing state governs:

      (a) The nature, extent, amount and duration of current payments under a registered support order;

      (b) The computation and payment of arrearages and accrual of interest on the arrearages under the support order; and

      (c) The existence and satisfaction of other obligations under the support order.

      2.  In a proceeding for arrears under a registered support order, the statute of limitation of this State or of the issuing state, whichever is longer, applies.

      3.  A responding tribunal of this State shall apply the procedures and remedies of this State to enforce current support and collect arrears and interest due on a support order of another state which is registered in this State.

      4.  After a tribunal of this State or another state determines which is the controlling order and issues an order consolidating arrears, if any, a tribunal of this State shall prospectively apply the law of the state issuing the controlling order, including its law on interest on arrears, on current and future support and on consolidated arrears.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133)

      NRS 130.604  Choice of law; statute of limitation; prospective application of law. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the law of the issuing state or foreign country governs:

      (a) The nature, extent, amount and duration of current payments under a registered support order;

      (b) The computation and payment of arrearages and accrual of interest on the arrearages under the support order; and

      (c) The existence and satisfaction of other obligations under the support order.

      2.  In a proceeding for arrears under a registered support order, the statute of limitation of this State or of the issuing state or foreign country, whichever is longer, applies.

      3.  A responding tribunal of this State shall apply the procedures and remedies of this State to enforce current support and collect arrears and interest due on a support order of another state or a foreign country which is registered in this State.

      4.  After a tribunal of this State or another state determines which is the controlling order and issues an order consolidating arrears, if any, a tribunal of this State shall prospectively apply the law of the state or foreign country issuing the controlling order, including its law on interest on arrears, on current and future support and on consolidated arrears.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133; 2009, 137, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Contest of Validity or Enforcement

      NRS 130.605  Notice of registration of order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  When a support order or income-withholding order issued in another state is registered, the registering tribunal shall notify the nonregistering party and a support-enforcement agency of this State. The notice must be accompanied by a copy of the registered order and the documents and relevant information accompanying the order.

      2.  The notice must inform the nonregistering party:

      (a) That a registered order is enforceable as of the date of registration in the same manner as an order issued by a tribunal of this State;

      (b) That a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order must be requested within 20 days after the notice;

      (c) That failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order in a timely manner will result in confirmation of the order and enforcement of the order and the alleged arrearages and precludes further contest of that order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted; and

      (d) Of the amount of any alleged arrearages.

      3.  If the registering party asserts that two or more orders are in effect, the notice must also:

      (a) Identify the two or more orders and the order alleged by the registering party to be the controlling order and the consolidated arrears, if any;

      (b) Notify the nonregistering party of the right to a determination of which is the controlling order;

      (c) State that the procedures provided in subsection 2 apply to the determination of which is the controlling order; and

      (d) State that failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the order alleged to be the controlling order in a timely manner may result in confirmation that the order is the controlling order.

      4.  Upon registration of an income-withholding order for enforcement, the registering tribunal shall cause appropriate notice of the order to be provided to the employer of the obligor in accordance with chapter 31A of NRS.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133)

      NRS 130.605  Notice of registration of order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  When a support order or income-withholding order issued in another state or a foreign support order is registered, the registering tribunal of this State shall notify the nonregistering party and a support-enforcement agency of this State. The notice must be accompanied by a copy of the registered order and the documents and relevant information accompanying the order.

      2.  The notice must inform the nonregistering party:

      (a) That a registered order is enforceable as of the date of registration in the same manner as an order issued by a tribunal of this State;

      (b) That a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order must be requested within 20 days after the notice unless the registered order is pursuant to NRS 130.707;

      (c) That failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order in a timely manner will result in confirmation of the order and enforcement of the order and the alleged arrearages and precludes further contest of that order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted; and

      (d) Of the amount of any alleged arrearages.

      3.  If the registering party asserts that two or more orders are in effect, the notice must also:

      (a) Identify the two or more orders and the order alleged by the registering party to be the controlling order and the consolidated arrears, if any;

      (b) Notify the nonregistering party of the right to a determination of which is the controlling order;

      (c) State that the procedures provided in subsection 2 apply to the determination of which is the controlling order; and

      (d) State that failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the order alleged to be the controlling order in a timely manner may result in confirmation that the order is the controlling order.

      4.  Upon registration of an income-withholding order for enforcement, the support enforcement agency or the registering tribunal shall cause appropriate notice of the order to be provided to the employer of the obligor in accordance with chapter 31A of NRS.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2324; A 2007, 133; 2009, 137, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.606  Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A nonregistering party seeking to contest the validity or enforcement of a registered order in this state shall request a hearing within 20 days after notice of the registration. The nonregistering party may seek to vacate the registration, to assert any defense to an allegation of noncompliance with the registered order, or to contest the remedies being sought or the amount of any alleged arrearages pursuant to NRS 130.607.

      2.  If the nonregistering party fails to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order in a timely manner, the order is confirmed by operation of law.

      3.  If a nonregistering party requests a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order, the registering tribunal shall schedule the matter for hearing and give notice to the parties of the date, time and place of the hearing.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2325)

      NRS 130.606  Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A nonregistering party seeking to contest the validity or enforcement of a registered order in this State shall request a hearing within the time required by NRS 130.605. The nonregistering party may seek to vacate the registration, to assert any defense to an allegation of noncompliance with the registered order, or to contest the remedies being sought or the amount of any alleged arrearages pursuant to NRS 130.607.

      2.  If the nonregistering party fails to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered support order in a timely manner, the order is confirmed by operation of law.

      3.  If a nonregistering party requests a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered support order, the registering tribunal shall schedule the matter for hearing and give notice to the parties of the date, time and place of the hearing.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2325; A 2009, 138, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.607  Contest of registration or enforcement. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A party contesting the validity or enforcement of a registered order or seeking to vacate the registration has the burden of proving one or more of the following defenses:

      (a) The issuing tribunal lacked personal jurisdiction over the contesting party;

      (b) The order was obtained by fraud;

      (c) The order has been vacated, suspended or modified by a later order;

      (d) The issuing tribunal has stayed the order pending appeal;

      (e) There is a defense under the law of this State to the remedy sought;

      (f) Full or partial payment has been made;

      (g) The statute of limitation applicable pursuant to NRS 130.604 precludes enforcement of some or all of the alleged arrearages; or

      (h) The alleged controlling order is not the controlling order.

      2.  If a party presents evidence establishing a full or partial defense under subsection 1, a tribunal may stay enforcement of the registered order, continue the proceeding to permit production of additional relevant evidence and issue other appropriate orders. An uncontested portion of the registered order may be enforced by all remedies available under the law of this State.

      3.  If the contesting party does not establish a defense under subsection 1 to the validity or enforcement of the order, the registering tribunal shall issue an order confirming the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2325; A 2007, 134)

      NRS 130.607  Contest of registration or enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A party contesting the validity or enforcement of a registered support order or seeking to vacate the registration has the burden of proving one or more of the following defenses:

      (a) The issuing tribunal lacked personal jurisdiction over the contesting party;

      (b) The order was obtained by fraud;

      (c) The order has been vacated, suspended or modified by a later order;

      (d) The issuing tribunal has stayed the order pending appeal;

      (e) There is a defense under the law of this State to the remedy sought;

      (f) Full or partial payment has been made;

      (g) The statute of limitation applicable pursuant to NRS 130.604 precludes enforcement of some or all of the alleged arrearages; or

      (h) The alleged controlling order is not the controlling order.

      2.  If a party presents evidence establishing a full or partial defense under subsection 1, a tribunal may stay enforcement of a registered support order, continue the proceeding to permit production of additional relevant evidence and issue other appropriate orders. An uncontested portion of the registered support order may be enforced by all remedies available under the law of this State.

      3.  If the contesting party does not establish a defense under subsection 1 to the validity or enforcement of a registered support order, the registering tribunal shall issue an order confirming the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2325; A 2007, 134; 2009, 138, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.608  Confirmed order. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  Confirmation of a registered order, whether by operation of law or after notice and hearing, precludes further contest of the order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted at the time of registration.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326)

      NRS 130.608  Confirmed order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  Confirmation of a registered support order, whether by operation of law or after notice and hearing, precludes further contest of the order with respect to any matter that could have been asserted at the time of registration.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2009, 139, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Registration and Modification of Child-Support Order

      NRS 130.609  Procedure to register child-support order of another state for modification. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A party or support-enforcement agency seeking to modify, or to modify and enforce, a child-support order issued in another state shall register that order in this state in the same manner provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.604, inclusive, if the order has not been registered. A petition for modification may be filed at the same time as a request for registration or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for modification.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326)

      NRS 130.609  Procedure to register child-support order of another state for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A party or support-enforcement agency seeking to modify, or to modify and enforce, a child-support order issued in another state shall register that order in this State in the same manner provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.608, inclusive, if the order has not been registered. A petition for modification may be filed at the same time as a request for registration or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for modification.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2009, 139, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.6095  Registration of foreign child-support order not under the Convention for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A party or support enforcement agency seeking to modify, or to modify and enforce, a foreign child-support order not under the Convention may register that order in this State under NRS 130.601 to 130.608, inclusive, if the order has not been registered. A petition for modification may be filed at the same time as a request for registration or at any other time. The petition must specify the grounds for modification.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 119, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.610  Effect of registration for modification. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State may enforce a child-support order of another state registered for purposes of modification, in the same manner as if the order had been issued by a tribunal of this State, but the registered order may be modified only if the requirements of NRS 130.611, 130.6115 or 130.613 have been met.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2007, 134)

      NRS 130.610  Effect of registration for modification. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State may enforce a child-support order of another state registered for purposes of modification, in the same manner as if the order had been issued by a tribunal of this State, but the registered support order may be modified only if the requirements of NRS 130.611 or 130.613 have been met.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2007, 134; 2009, 139, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.611  Modification of child-support order of another state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If NRS 130.613 does not apply, except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.6115, upon petition a tribunal of this State may modify a child-support order issued in another state which is registered in this State if, after notice and hearing, the tribunal finds that:

      (a) The following requirements are met:

             (1) Neither the child, nor the obligee who is a natural person, nor the obligor resides in the issuing state;

             (2) A petitioner who is a nonresident of this State seeks modification; and

             (3) The respondent is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this State; or

      (b) This State is the state of residence of the child, or a party who is a natural person is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this State, and all of the parties who are natural persons have filed consents in a record in the issuing tribunal for a tribunal of this State to modify the support order and assume continuing and exclusive jurisdiction.

      2.  Modification of a registered child-support order is subject to the same requirements, procedures and defenses that apply to the modification of an order issued by a tribunal of this State, and the order may be enforced and satisfied in the same manner.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.6115, a tribunal of this State may not modify any aspect of a child-support order that may not be modified under the law of the issuing state, including the duration of the obligation of support. If two or more tribunals have issued child-support orders for the same obligor and same child, the order that controls and must be so recognized under NRS 130.207 establishes the aspects of the support order which may not be modified.

      4.  In a proceeding to modify a child-support order, the law of the state that is determined to have issued the initial controlling order governs the duration of the obligation of support. The obligor’s fulfillment of the duty of support established by that order precludes imposition of a further obligation of support by a tribunal of this State.

      5.  On the issuance of an order by a tribunal of this State modifying a child-support order issued in another state, the tribunal of this State becomes the tribunal having continuing and exclusive jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2007, 134)

      NRS 130.611  Modification of child-support order of another state; modification of child-support order of this State if one party resides outside this State and other party resides outside United States. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If NRS 130.613 does not apply, upon petition a tribunal of this State may modify a child-support order issued in another state which is registered in this State if, after notice and hearing, the tribunal finds that:

      (a) The following requirements are met:

             (1) Neither the child, nor the obligee who is a natural person, nor the obligor resides in the issuing state;

             (2) A petitioner who is a nonresident of this State seeks modification; and

             (3) The respondent is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this State; or

      (b) This State is the state of residence of the child, or a party who is a natural person is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal of this State, and all of the parties who are natural persons have filed consents in a record in the issuing tribunal for a tribunal of this State to modify the support order and assume continuing and exclusive jurisdiction.

      2.  Modification of a registered child-support order is subject to the same requirements, procedures and defenses that apply to the modification of an order issued by a tribunal of this State, and the order may be enforced and satisfied in the same manner.

      3.  A tribunal of this State may not modify any aspect of a child-support order that may not be modified under the law of the issuing state, including the duration of the obligation of support. If two or more tribunals have issued child-support orders for the same obligor and same child, the order that controls and must be so recognized under NRS 130.207 establishes the aspects of the support order which may not be modified.

      4.  In a proceeding to modify a child-support order, the law of the state that is determined to have issued the initial controlling order governs the duration of the obligation of support. The obligor’s fulfillment of the duty of support established by that order precludes imposition of a further obligation of support by a tribunal of this State.

      5.  On the issuance of an order by a tribunal of this State modifying a child-support order issued in another state, the tribunal of this State becomes the tribunal having continuing and exclusive jurisdiction.

      6.  Notwithstanding the provisions of this section and subsection 2 of NRS 130.201, a tribunal of this State retains jurisdiction to modify an order issued by a tribunal of this State if:

      (a) One party resides in another state; and

      (b) The other party resides outside the United States.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2326; A 2007, 134; 2009, 139, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.6115  Modification of child-support order of foreign country or state. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If a foreign country or political subdivision that is a state will not or may not modify its order pursuant to its laws, a tribunal of this State may assume jurisdiction to modify the child-support order and bind all natural persons subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal whether or not the consent to modification of a child-support order otherwise required of the natural person pursuant to NRS 130.611 has been given or whether the natural person seeking modification is a resident of this State or of the foreign country or political subdivision.

      2.  An order issued pursuant to this section is the controlling order.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118)

      NRS 130.6115  Modification of child-support order of foreign country. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.711, if a foreign country lacks or refuses to exercise jurisdiction to modify its child-support orders pursuant to its laws, a tribunal of this State may assume jurisdiction to modify the child-support order and bind all natural persons subject to the personal jurisdiction of the tribunal whether or not the consent to modification of a child-support order otherwise required of the natural person pursuant to NRS 130.611 has been given or whether the natural person seeking modification is a resident of this State or of the foreign country.

      2.  An order issued by a tribunal of this State modifying a foreign child-support order pursuant to this section is the controlling order.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 118; A 2009, 140, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.612  Effect of order modified by tribunal of another state.  If a child-support order issued by a tribunal of this State is modified by a tribunal of another state which assumed jurisdiction pursuant to the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, a tribunal of this State:

      1.  May enforce the order that was modified only as to arrears and interest accruing before the modification;

      2.  May provide appropriate relief for violations of its order which occurred before the effective date of the modification; and

      3.  Shall recognize the modifying order of the other state, upon registration, for the purpose of enforcement.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327; A 2007, 135)

      NRS 130.613  Jurisdiction to modify child-support order of another state when individual parties reside in this State. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If all of the parties who are natural persons reside in this State and the child does not reside in the issuing state, a tribunal of this State has jurisdiction to enforce and to modify the child-support order of the issuing state in a proceeding to register that order.

      2.  A tribunal of this State exercising jurisdiction under this section shall apply the provisions of NRS 130.0902 to 130.209, inclusive, and 130.601 to 130.614, inclusive, and the procedural and substantive law of this State to the proceeding for enforcement or modification. The provisions of NRS 130.301 to 130.507, inclusive, and 130.701, 130.801 and 130.802 do not apply.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327; A 2007, 136)

      NRS 130.613  Jurisdiction to modify child-support order of another state when individual parties reside in this State. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  If all of the parties who are natural persons reside in this State and the child does not reside in the issuing state, a tribunal of this State has jurisdiction to enforce and to modify the child-support order of the issuing state in a proceeding to register that order.

      2.  A tribunal of this State exercising jurisdiction under this section shall apply the provisions of NRS 130.0902 to 130.209, inclusive, and 130.601 to 130.713, inclusive, and the procedural and substantive law of this State to the proceeding for enforcement or modification. The provisions of NRS 130.301 to 130.507, inclusive, and 130.801 and 130.802 do not apply.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327; A 2007, 136; 2009, 140, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.614  Notice to issuing tribunal of modification.  Within 90 days after the issuance of a modified child-support order, the party obtaining the modification shall file a certified copy of the order with the issuing tribunal that had continuing and exclusive jurisdiction over the earlier order and in each tribunal in which the party knows the earlier order has been registered. A party who obtains the order and fails to file a certified copy is subject to appropriate sanctions by a tribunal in which the issue of failure to file arises. The failure to file does not affect the validity or enforceability of the modified order of the new tribunal having continuing and exclusive jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327)

Article 7—Support Proceeding Under Convention

      NRS 130.701  Tribunal of State authorized to serve as responding tribunal in proceeding to determine parentage. [Effective until the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A tribunal of this State authorized to determine parentage of a child may serve as a responding tribunal in a proceeding to determine parentage brought under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act or a law or procedure substantially similar to that Act.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327; A 2007, 136; R 2009, 140, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7011  Definitions. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  As used in NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 130.7012 to 130.7018, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7012  “Application” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Application” means a request under the Convention by an obligee or obligor, or on behalf of a child, made through a central authority for assistance from another central authority.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7013  “Central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Central authority” means the entity designated by the United States or a foreign country as described in subsection 4 of NRS 130.10116 to perform the functions specified in the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7014  “Convention support order” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Convention support order” means a support order of a tribunal of a foreign country described in subsection 4 of NRS 130.10116.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7015  “Direct request” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Direct request” means a petition filed by an individual in a tribunal of this State in a proceeding involving an obligee, obligor or a child residing outside the United States.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7016  “Foreign central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Foreign central authority” means the entity designated by a foreign country described in subsection 4 of NRS 130.10116 to perform the functions specified in the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7017  “Foreign support agreement” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “Foreign support agreement”:

      1.  Means an agreement for support in a record that:

      (a) Is enforceable as a support order in the country of origin;

      (b) Has been:

             (1) Formally drawn up or registered as an authentic instrument by a foreign tribunal; or

             (2) Authenticated by, or concluded, registered or filed with, a foreign tribunal; and

      (c) May be reviewed and modified by a foreign tribunal.

      2.  Includes a maintenance arrangement or authentic instrument under the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.7018  “United States central authority” defined. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  “United States central authority” means the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.702  Proceedings under Convention; limitations. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, apply only to a support proceeding under the Convention. In such a proceeding, if a provision of NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, is inconsistent with any other provision of this chapter, NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, control.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.703  Designated governmental entity to perform certain functions under Convention. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  The governmental entity of this State recognized as the agency designated by the United States central authority may perform specific functions under the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.704  Initiation by designated governmental entity of support proceeding under Convention. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  In a support proceeding under NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, the governmental entity of this State designated pursuant to NRS 130.703 shall:

      (a) Transmit and receive applications; and

      (b) Initiate or facilitate the institution of a proceeding regarding an application in a tribunal of this State.

      2.  The following support proceedings are available to the obligee under the Convention:

      (a) Recognition or recognition and enforcement of a foreign support order;

      (b) Enforcement of a support order issued or recognized in this State;

      (c) Establishment of a support order if there is no existing order, including, if necessary, determination of parentage of a child;

      (d) Establishment of a support order if recognition of a foreign support order is refused under paragraphs (b), (d) or (i) of subsection 2 of NRS 130.708;

      (e) Modification of a support order of a tribunal of this State; and

      (f) Modification of a support order of a tribunal of another state or a foreign country.

      3.  The following support proceedings are available under the Convention to an obligor against which there is an existing support order:

      (a) Recognition of an order suspending or limiting enforcement of an existing support order of a tribunal of this State;

      (b) Modification of a support order of a tribunal of this State; and

      (c) Modification of a support order of a tribunal of another state or a foreign country.

      4.  A tribunal of this State may not require security, bond or deposit, however described, to guarantee the payment of costs and expenses in proceedings under the Convention.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 120, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.705  Direct request. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A petitioner may file a direct request seeking establishment or modification of a support order or determination of parentage of a child. In the proceeding, the law of this State applies.

      2.  A petitioner may file a direct request seeking recognition and enforcement of a support order or support agreement. In the proceeding, NRS 130.706 to 130.713, inclusive, apply.

      3.  In a direct request for recognition and enforcement of a Convention support order or foreign support agreement:

      (a) A security, bond or deposit is not required to guarantee the payment of costs and expenses; and

      (b) An obligee or obligor that in the issuing country has benefited from free legal assistance is entitled to benefit, at least to the same extent, from any free legal assistance provided for by the law of this State under the same circumstances.

      4.  A petitioner filing a direct request is not entitled to assistance from the governmental entity designated pursuant to NRS 130.703.

      5.  NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, do not prevent the application of laws of this State that provide simplified, more expeditious rules regarding a direct request for recognition and enforcement of a foreign support order or foreign support agreement.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 121, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.706  Registration of Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, a party who is an individual or a support enforcement agency seeking recognition of a Convention support order shall register the order in this State as provided in NRS 130.601 to 130.614, inclusive.

      2.  Notwithstanding NRS 130.311 and subsection 1 of NRS 130.602, a request for registration of a Convention support order must be accompanied by:

      (a) A complete text of the support order or an abstract or extract of the support order drawn up by the issuing foreign tribunal, which may be in the form recommended by the Hague Conference on Private International Law;

      (b) A record stating that the support order is enforceable in the issuing country;

      (c) If the respondent did not appear and was not represented in the proceedings in the issuing country, a record attesting, as appropriate, either that the respondent had proper notice of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard or that the respondent had proper notice of the support order and an opportunity to be heard in a challenge or appeal on fact or law before a tribunal;

      (d) A record showing the amount of arrears, if any, and the date the amount was calculated;

      (e) A record showing a requirement for automatic adjustment of the amount of support, if any, and the information necessary to make the appropriate calculations; and

      (f) If necessary, a record showing the extent to which the applicant received free legal assistance in the issuing country.

      3.  A request for registration of a Convention support order may seek recognition and partial enforcement of the order.

      4.  A tribunal of this State may vacate the registration of a Convention support order without the filing of a contest under NRS 130.707 only if, acting on its own motion, the tribunal finds that recognition and enforcement of the order would be manifestly incompatible with public policy.

      5.  The tribunal shall promptly notify the parties of the registration or the order vacating the registration of a Convention support order.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 121, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.707  Contest of registered Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, NRS 130.605 to 130.608, inclusive, apply to a contest of a registered Convention support order.

      2.  A party contesting a registered Convention support order shall file a contest not later than 30 days after notice of the registration, but if the contesting party does not reside in the United States, the contest must be filed not later than 60 days after notice of the registration.

      3.  If the nonregistering party fails to contest the registered Convention support order by the time specified in subsection 2, the order is enforceable.

      4.  A contest of a registered Convention support order may be based only on grounds set forth in NRS 130.708. The contesting party bears the burden of proof.

      5.  In a contest of a registered Convention support order, a tribunal of this State:

      (a) Is bound by the findings of fact on which the foreign tribunal based its jurisdiction; and

      (b) May not review the merits of the order.

      6.  A tribunal of this State deciding a contest of a registered Convention support order shall promptly notify the parties of its decision.

      7.  A challenge or appeal, if any, does not stay the enforcement of a Convention support order unless there are exceptional circumstances.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 122, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.708  Recognition and enforcement of registered Convention support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a tribunal of this State shall recognize and enforce a registered Convention support order.

      2.  The following grounds are the only grounds on which a tribunal of this State may refuse recognition and enforcement of a registered Convention support order:

      (a) Recognition and enforcement of the order is manifestly incompatible with public policy, including the failure of the issuing tribunal to observe minimum standards of due process, which include notice and an opportunity to be heard;

      (b) The issuing tribunal lacked personal jurisdiction consistent with NRS 130.201;

      (c) The order is not enforceable in the issuing country;

      (d) The order was obtained by fraud in connection with a matter of procedure;

      (e) A record transmitted in accordance with NRS 130.706 lacks authenticity or integrity;

      (f) A proceeding between the same parties and having the same purpose is pending before a tribunal of this State and that proceeding was the first to be filed;

      (g) The order is incompatible with a more recent support order involving the same parties and having the same purpose if the more recent support order is entitled to recognition and enforcement under this chapter in this State;

      (h) Payment, to the extent alleged arrears have been paid in whole or in part;

      (i) In a case in which the respondent neither appeared nor was represented in the proceeding in the issuing foreign country:

             (1) If the law of that country provides for prior notice of proceedings, the respondent did not have proper notice of the proceedings and an opportunity to be heard; or

             (2) If the law of that country does not provide for prior notice of the proceedings, the respondent did not have proper notice of the order and an opportunity to be heard in a challenge or appeal on fact or law before a tribunal; or

      (j) The order was made in violation of NRS 130.711.

      3.  If a tribunal of this State does not recognize a Convention support order under paragraphs (b), (d), (f) or (i) of subsection 2:

      (a) The tribunal may not dismiss the proceeding without allowing a reasonable time for a party to request the establishment of a new Convention support order; and

      (b) The governmental entity identified pursuant to NRS 130.703 shall take all appropriate measures to request a child-support order for the obligee if the application for recognition and enforcement was received under NRS 130.704.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 122, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.709  Partial enforcement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  If a tribunal of this State does not recognize and enforce a Convention support order in its entirety, it shall enforce any severable part of the order. An application or direct request may seek recognition and partial enforcement of a Convention support order.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 123, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.710  Foreign support agreement. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 3 and 4, a tribunal of this State shall recognize and enforce a foreign support agreement registered in this State.

      2.  An application or direct request for recognition and enforcement of a foreign support agreement must be accompanied by:

      (a) A complete text of the foreign support agreement; and

      (b) A record stating that the foreign support agreement is enforceable as a decision in the issuing country.

      3.  A tribunal of this State may vacate the registration of a foreign support agreement only if, acting on its own motion, the tribunal finds that recognition and enforcement would be manifestly incompatible with public policy.

      4.  In a contest of a foreign support agreement, a tribunal of this State may refuse recognition and enforcement of the agreement if it finds:

      (a) Recognition and enforcement of the agreement is manifestly incompatible with public policy;

      (b) The agreement was obtained by fraud or falsification;

      (c) The agreement is incompatible with a support order involving the same parties and having the same purpose in this State, another state or a foreign country if the support order is entitled to recognition and enforcement under this chapter in this State; or

      (d) The record submitted under subsection 2 lacks authenticity or integrity.  

      5.  A proceeding for recognition and enforcement of a foreign support agreement must be suspended during the pendency of a challenge to or appeal of the agreement before a tribunal of another state or a foreign country.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 123, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.711  Modification of Convention child-support order. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]

      1.  A tribunal of this State may not modify a Convention child-support order if the obligee remains a resident of the foreign country where the support order was issued unless:

      (a) The obligee submits to the jurisdiction of a tribunal of this State, either expressly or by defending on the merits of the case without objecting to the jurisdiction at the first available opportunity; or

      (b) The foreign tribunal lacks or refuses to exercise jurisdiction to modify its support order or issue a new support order.

      2.  If a tribunal of this State does not modify a Convention child-support order because the order is not recognized in this State, subsection 3 of NRS 130.708 applies.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 124, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.712  Personal information; limit on use. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  Personal information gathered or transmitted under NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, may be used only for the purposes for which it was gathered or transmitted.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 124, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

      NRS 130.713  Record in original language; English translation. [Effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification.]  A record filed with a tribunal of this State under NRS 130.7011 to 130.713, inclusive, must be in the original language and, if not in English, must be accompanied by an English translation.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 124, effective on the date that the provisions of The Hague Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance is ratified by the President and the United States deposits its instrument of ratification)

Article 8—Interstate Rendition

      NRS 130.801  Grounds for rendition.

      1.  For the purposes of this section and NRS 130.802, “governor” includes a natural person performing the functions of governor or the executive authority of a state covered by this chapter.

      2.  The Governor of this state may:

      (a) Demand that the governor of another state surrender a natural person found in the other state who is charged criminally in this state with having failed to provide for the support of an obligee; or

      (b) On the demand of the governor of another state, surrender a natural person found in this state who is charged criminally in the other state with having failed to provide for the support of an obligee.

      3.  A provision for extradition of natural persons that is not inconsistent with this chapter applies to the demand even if the natural person whose surrender is demanded was not in the state making the demand when the crime was allegedly committed and has not fled therefrom.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2327)

      NRS 130.802  Conditions of rendition.

      1.  Before making a demand that the governor of another state surrender a natural person charged criminally in this State with having failed to provide for the support of an obligee, the Governor of this State may require a prosecutor of this State to demonstrate that at least 60 days previously the obligee had initiated proceedings for support pursuant to this chapter or that the proceeding would be of no avail.

      2.  If, under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act or a law substantially similar to that Act, the governor of another state makes a demand that the Governor of this State surrender a natural person charged criminally in that state with having failed to provide for the support of a child or other natural person to whom a duty of support is owed, the Governor may require a prosecutor to investigate the demand and report whether a proceeding for support has been initiated or would be effective. If it appears that a proceeding would be effective but has not been initiated, the Governor may delay honoring the demand for a reasonable time to permit the initiation of a proceeding.

      3.  If a proceeding for support has been initiated and the natural person whose rendition is demanded prevails, the Governor may decline to honor the demand. If the petitioner prevails and the natural person whose rendition is demanded is subject to a support order, the Governor may decline to honor the demand if the person is complying with the support order.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2328; A 2007, 136)