[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:15:41 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 62E - DISPOSITION OF CASES BY JUVENILE COURT

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 62E.010††††††††† Adjudication is not conviction and does not impose civil disabilities; exceptions.

NRS 62E.020††††††††† Modification and termination of decrees and orders.

NRS 62E.030††††††††† Court to provide certain information to school district concerning certain offenses.

NRS 62E.040††††††††† Penalties imposed on adult who disobeys court order.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL CHILDREN SUBJECT TO JURISDICTION OF JUVENILE COURT

Applicability

NRS 62E.100††††††††† Applicability of provisions.

 

Commitment or Placement of Child

NRS 62E.110††††††††† Placement of child in home; commitment of child to institution or facility.

NRS 62E.120††††††††† Preference for certain relatives when placing child under supervision in home.

NRS 62E.130††††††††† Consideration of religious faith in commitment of child to care of person, institution or facility.

NRS 62E.140††††††††† Permitting child to reside without immediate supervision of adult or exempting child from mandatory attendance at school under certain circumstances.

NRS 62E.150††††††††† Provision of information to institution or agency to which child is committed; provision of information to juvenile court from such institution or agency.

NRS 62E.160††††††††† Placement of child in need of supervision or in need of commitment outside of home in institution for persons with intellectual disabilities or mental illness; study and report; filing of plan; examination of child or parent or guardian by physician, psychiatrist or psychologist.

NRS 62E.170††††††††† Review of placement in foster home or other institution; dispositional hearings.

 

Restitution Contribution Fund

NRS 62E.175††††††††† Power of juvenile court to establish restitution contribution fund.

 

Community Service

NRS 62E.180††††††††† Ordering child or parent or guardian to perform community service.

NRS 62E.190††††††††† Supervising entities; reports.

NRS 62E.200††††††††† Restrictions concerning community service and programs of work on or near highways or in other dangerous situations.

 

Alternative Programs

NRS 62E.210††††††††† When juvenile court may order completion of certain alternative programs; payment of cost of participation in such programs.

NRS 62E.220††††††††† Program of cognitive training and human development.

NRS 62E.230††††††††† Cognitive training and human development fund: Establishment; requirements for management and expenditures of fund.

NRS 62E.240††††††††† Program of sports or physical fitness and program for the arts.

 

Restrictions on Driverís License

NRS 62E.250††††††††† Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

NRS 62E.260††††††††† Information provided to child upon application for driverís license; procedure following suspension or delay.

 

Miscellaneous Provisions

NRS 62E.270††††††††† Administrative assessment to be ordered when fine is imposed against certain persons.

NRS 62E.280††††††††† Medical, psychiatric, psychological and other care or treatment and examinations.

NRS 62E.290††††††††† Ordering parent or guardian of child to refrain from certain conduct; counseling for parent, guardian or other person living with child.

NRS 62E.300††††††††† Payment of expenses of proceedings by parent or guardian.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CHILDREN IN NEED OF SUPERVISION

NRS 62E.400††††††††† Applicability of provisions.

NRS 62E.410††††††††† Initial admonition and referral; conditions before adjudication; inapplicability to habitual truant.

NRS 62E.420††††††††† Placement in certain facilities prohibited.

NRS 62E.430††††††††† Habitual truants: Fines; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license; community service.

NRS 62E.440††††††††† Offenses related to tobacco: Fines; tobacco awareness and cessation program; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license; costs and administrative assessments.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO DELINQUENT CHILDREN

Applicability

NRS 62E.500††††††††† Applicability of provisions.

 

Commitment

NRS 62E.510††††††††† Age limitations on commitment of child to state facility for detention of children and to private institution.

NRS 62E.513††††††††† Commitment of child to facility for detention of children: Screening required; time and method for conducting screening.

NRS 62E.516††††††††† Commitment of child to facility for detention of children: Approval of methods for screening; duties of Division of Child and Family Services; appropriate governing body and chief judge to ensure compliance with requirements; regulations.

NRS 62E.520††††††††† Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Conditions and limitations; notice; investigation and recommendation for placement of child.

NRS 62E.530††††††††† Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Physical examination required; report from physician.

NRS 62E.540††††††††† Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Payment of expenses by parent or guardian.

 

Restitution

NRS 62E.550††††††††† Power of juvenile court to order restitution and to establish and administer programs of restitution.

NRS 62E.560††††††††† Duty of juvenile court to order restitution for certain unlawful acts; responsibilities of parent or guardian of child; community service in lieu of restitution.

NRS 62E.570††††††††† Determination of amount of restitution.

NRS 62E.580††††††††† Program of restitution through work: Establishment; requirements; powers of director of juvenile services.

NRS 62E.590††††††††† Program of restitution through work: Restitution through work fund.

NRS 62E.600††††††††† Program of restitution through work: Conditions for participation; payment of costs.

NRS 62E.610††††††††† Victim awarded restitution may bring civil action in district court to recover damages.

 

Specific Acts Committed by Child

NRS 62E.620††††††††† Evaluation of child who committed certain acts involving alcohol or controlled substance; program of treatment; treatment facility not liable for acts of child; confidentiality of information; driving under influence included in driverís record of child.

NRS 62E.630††††††††† Certain acts involving alcohol or controlled substance: Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

NRS 62E.640††††††††† Driving under influence: Revocation of driverís license.

NRS 62E.650††††††††† Certain acts involving firearm: Community service; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

NRS 62E.660††††††††† Certain acts involving firearm: Revocation of and prohibition from receiving license to hunt.

NRS 62E.670††††††††† Act involving use of firearm or use or threatened use of force or violence: Effect on disposition.

NRS 62E.680††††††††† Act involving cruelty to or torture of animal: Participation in counseling or other psychological treatment; payment of costs.

NRS 62E.685††††††††† Act involving killing or possession of certain animals.

NRS 62E.690††††††††† Certain offenses concerning graffiti or defacement of property: Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

NRS 62E.700††††††††† Minor traffic offenses.

NRS 62E.705††††††††† Unlawful operation of motor vehicle without or in violation of license or permit: Joint and several liability of parent or guardian; community service in lieu of monetary penalty.

NRS 62E.710††††††††† Violation of probation or parole: Placement in facility for detention of children or county jail.

 

Miscellaneous Provisions

NRS 62E.720††††††††† Program of visitation to office of county coroner: Establishment; requirements; payment of costs.

NRS 62E.730††††††††† Fines and penalties.

_________

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GENERAL PROVISIONS

††††† NRS 62E.010  Adjudication is not conviction and does not impose civil disabilities; exceptions.

††††† 1.  A child who is adjudicated pursuant to the provisions of this title is not a criminal and any adjudication is not a conviction, and a child may be charged with a crime or convicted in a criminal proceeding only as provided in this title.

††††† 2.  Except as otherwise provided by specific statute, an adjudication pursuant to the provisions of this title upon the status of a child does not impose any of the civil disabilities ordinarily resulting from conviction, and the disposition of a child or any evidence given in the juvenile court must not be used to disqualify the child in any future application for or appointment to the civil service.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1062)

††††† NRS 62E.020  Modification and termination of decrees and orders.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the juvenile court may at any time modify or terminate any decree or order that it has made.

††††† 2.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 63.480, before the juvenile court may modify or terminate an order committing a child to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) Provide the Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services with written notice not later than 10 days before modifying or terminating the order, unless the Administrator waives the right to receive such notice; and

††††† (b) Give due consideration to the effect that the modification or termination of the order will have upon the child and the programs of the Division of Child and Family Services.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1067)

††††† NRS 62E.030  Court to provide certain information to school district concerning certain offenses.

††††† 1.  If a court determines that a child who is currently enrolled in school unlawfully caused or attempted to cause serious bodily injury to another person, the court shall provide the information specified in subsection 2 to the school district in which the child is currently enrolled.

††††† 2.  The information required to be provided pursuant to subsection 1 must include:

††††† (a) The name of the child;

††††† (b) A description of any injury sustained by the other person;

††††† (c) A description of any weapon used by the child; and

††††† (d) A description of any threats made by the child against the other person before, during or after the incident in which the child injured or attempted to injure the person.

††††† 3.  If a court determines that a child who is currently enrolled in school unlawfully engaged in bullying or cyber-bullying, the court shall provide the information specified in subsection 4 to the school district in which the child is currently enrolled.

††††† 4.  The information required to be provided pursuant to subsection 3 must include:

††††† (a) The name of the child;

††††† (b) The name of the person who was the subject of the bullying or cyber-bullying; and

††††† (c) A description of any bullying or cyber-bullying committed by the child against the other person.

††††† 5.  As used in this section:

††††† (a) ďBullyingĒ has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.122.

††††† (b) ďCyber-bullyingĒ has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.123.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1066; A 2013, 1637)

††††† NRS 62E.040  Penalties imposed on adult who disobeys court order.

††††† 1.  Any person, except a child, who willfully violates, neglects or refuses to obey the terms of any order of disposition made by the juvenile court under the provisions of this title is guilty of a misdemeanor and may be punished for contempt.

††††† 2.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, if the juvenile court determines that a person is guilty of contempt, the person may be punished by:

††††† (a) A fine, not to exceed $500; or

††††† (b) Imprisonment, not to exceed 25 days,

  or both.

††††† 3.  The juvenile court may punish a person who is guilty of contempt by imprisonment for more than 25 days if:

††††† (a) The person is guilty of contempt for refusing to perform an act and the person has the power to perform the act; and

††††† (b) The juvenile court specifies the act the person must perform in the warrant of commitment.

††††† 4.  A person punished pursuant to subsection 3 may be imprisoned until the person performs the act specified in the warrant of commitment.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1032)

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL CHILDREN SUBJECT TO JURISDICTION OF JUVENILE COURT

Applicability

††††† NRS 62E.100  Applicability of provisions.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 62E.100 to 62E.300, inclusive:

††††† 1.  The provisions of NRS 62E.100 to 62E.300, inclusive, apply to the disposition of a case involving any child who is found to be within the purview of this title.

††††† 2.  In addition to any other orders or actions authorized or required by the provisions of this title, if a child is found to be within the purview of this title:

††††† (a) The juvenile court may issue any orders or take any actions set forth in NRS 62E.100 to 62E.300, inclusive, that the juvenile court deems proper for the disposition of the case; and

††††† (b) If required by a specific statute, the juvenile court shall issue the appropriate orders or take the appropriate actions set forth in the statute.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1061; A 2013, 536)

Commitment or Placement of Child

††††† NRS 62E.110  Placement of child in home; commitment of child to institution or facility.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the juvenile court may:

††††† (a) Place a child in the custody of a suitable person for supervision in the childís own home or in another home; or

††††† (b) Commit the child to the custody of a public or private institution or agency authorized to care for children.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court places the child under supervision in a home:

††††† (a) The juvenile court may impose such conditions as the juvenile court deems proper; and

††††† (b) The program of supervision in the home may include electronic surveillance of the child.

††††† 3.  If the juvenile court commits the child to the custody of a public or private institution or agency, the juvenile court shall select one that is required to be licensed by:

††††† (a) The Department of Health and Human Services to care for such children; or

††††† (b) If the institution or agency is in another state, the analogous department of that state.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1062)

††††† NRS 62E.120  Preference for certain relatives when placing child under supervision in home.  In determining whether to place a child in the custody of a person other than a parent or guardian, the juvenile court shall give preference to any person who is related to the child within the fifth degree of consanguinity if the juvenile court finds that the person is suitable and able to provide proper care and guidance for the child.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1062; A 2009, 218)

††††† NRS 62E.130  Consideration of religious faith in commitment of child to care of person, institution or facility.  In placing a child in the custody of a person or a public or private institution or agency, the juvenile court shall select, when practicable, a person or an institution or agency governed by persons of:

††††† 1.  The same religious faith as that of the parents of the child;

††††† 2.  If the religious faiths of the parents differ, the religious faith of the child; or

††††† 3.  If the religious faith of the child is not ascertainable, the religious faith of either of the parents.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1062)

††††† NRS 62E.140  Permitting child to reside without immediate supervision of adult or exempting child from mandatory attendance at school under certain circumstances.  The juvenile court may permit a child to reside in a residence without the immediate supervision of an adult, exempt the child from mandatory attendance at school so that the child may be employed full-time, or both, if the child:

††††† 1.  Is at least 16 years of age;

††††† 2.  Has demonstrated the capacity to benefit from this placement or exemption; and

††††† 3.  Is under the strict supervision of the juvenile court.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1062)

††††† NRS 62E.150  Provision of information to institution or agency to which child is committed; provision of information to juvenile court from such institution or agency.

††††† 1.  If the juvenile court commits a child to the custody of a public or private institution or agency, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) Transmit a summary of its information concerning the child to the institution or agency; and

††††† (b) Order the administrator of the school that the child last attended to transmit a copy of the childís educational records to the institution or agency.

††††† 2.  The institution or agency to which the child is committed shall provide the juvenile court with any information concerning the child that the juvenile court may require.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1063)

††††† NRS 62E.160  Placement of child in need of supervision or in need of commitment outside of home in institution for persons with intellectual disabilities or mental illness; study and report; filing of plan; examination of child or parent or guardian by physician, psychiatrist or psychologist.

††††† 1.  If it has been admitted or determined that a child is in need of supervision or in need of commitment to an institution for persons with intellectual disabilities or mental illness and the child has been or will be placed outside the home of the child by court order:

††††† (a) The juvenile court shall direct a probation officer or an authorized agency to prepare for the juvenile court a study and a written report concerning the child, the family of the child, the environment of the child and other matters relevant to the need for treatment or disposition of the case; and

††††† (b) The agency which is charged with the care and custody of the child or the agency which has the responsibility for supervising the placement of the child shall file with the juvenile court a plan which includes:

†††††††††††† (1) The social history of the child and the family of the child;

†††††††††††† (2) The wishes of the child relating to the placement of the child;

†††††††††††† (3) A statement of the conditions which require intervention by the juvenile court and whether the removal of the child from the home of the child was a result of a judicial determination that the childís continuation in the home would be contrary to the childís welfare;

†††††††††††† (4) A statement of the harm which the child is likely to suffer as a result of the removal;

†††††††††††† (5) A discussion of the efforts made by the agency to avoid removing the child from the home of the child before the agency placed the child in foster care;

†††††††††††† (6) The special programs available to the parent or guardian of the child which might prevent further harm to the child and the reason that each program is likely to be useful, and the overall plan of the agency to ensure that the services are available;

†††††††††††† (7) A description of the type of home or institution in which the child could be placed, a plan for ensuring that the child would receive proper care and a description of the needs of the child; and

†††††††††††† (8) A description of the efforts made by the agency to facilitate the return of the child to the home of the child or permanent placement of the child.

††††† 2.  If there are indications that a child may be a person with an intellectual disability or mental illness, the juvenile court may order the child to be examined at a suitable place by a physician, psychiatrist or psychologist before a hearing on the merits of the petition. The examinations made before a hearing or as part of the study provided for in subsection 1 must be conducted without admission to a hospital unless the juvenile court finds that placement in a hospital or other appropriate facility is necessary.

††††† 3.  After a hearing, the juvenile court may order a parent or guardian of the child to be examined by a physician, psychiatrist or psychologist if:

††††† (a) The ability of the parent or guardian to care for or supervise the child is at issue before the juvenile court; and

††††† (b) The parent or guardian consents to the examination.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1063; A 2013, 682)

††††† NRS 62E.170  Review of placement in foster home or other institution; dispositional hearings.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, if the juvenile court places a child in a foster home or other similar institution, the juvenile court shall review the placement at least semiannually for the purpose of determining whether:

††††† (a) Continued placement or supervision is in the best interests of the child and the public; and

††††† (b) The child is being treated fairly.

††††† 2.  In conducting the review, the juvenile court may:

††††† (a) Require a written report from the childís protective services officer, welfare worker or other guardian of the child which includes, but is not limited to, an evaluation of the progress of the child and recommendations for further supervision, treatment or rehabilitation.

††††† (b) Request any information or statements that the juvenile court deems necessary for the review.

††††† 3.  The juvenile court shall hold dispositional hearings not later than 18 months after the review required by subsection 1, and at least annually thereafter.

††††† 4.  The juvenile court shall hold each dispositional hearing to determine whether:

††††† (a) The child should be returned to the childís parent or guardian or other relatives;

††††† (b) The childís placement in the foster home or other similar institution should be continued;

††††† (c) The child should be placed for adoption or under a legal guardianship; or

††††† (d) The child should remain in the foster home or other similar institution on a long-term basis.

††††† 5.  The provisions of this section do not apply to the placement of a child in the home of the childís parent or parents.

††††† 6.  This section does not limit the power of the juvenile court to order a review or similar proceeding under subsection 1 other than semiannually.

††††† 7.  In determining the placement of the child pursuant to this section, the juvenile court shall give preference to any person who is related to the child within the fifth degree of consanguinity if the juvenile court finds that the person is suitable and able to provide proper care and guidance for the child.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1064; A 2009, 218)

Restitution Contribution Fund

††††† NRS 62E.175  Power of juvenile court to establish restitution contribution fund.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may establish, with the county treasurer as custodian, a special fund to be known as the restitution contribution fund.

††††† 2.  The juvenile court may apply for and accept grants, gifts, donations, bequests or devises which the director of juvenile services shall deposit with the county treasurer for credit to the fund.

††††† 3.  The fund must be a separate and continuing fund, and no money in the fund reverts to the general fund of the county at any time. The interest earned on the money in the fund, after deducting any applicable charges, must be credited to the fund.

††††† 4.  The juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) Expend money from the fund only to provide restitution to a victim of an unlawful act committed by a child; and

††††† (b) If the source of the money is a grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise, expend the money, to the extent permitted by law, in accordance with the terms of the grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise.

††††† 5.  The juvenile court must authorize any expenditure from the fund before it is made.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2013, 536)

Community Service

††††† NRS 62E.180  Ordering child or parent or guardian to perform community service.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order a child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to perform community service.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders a child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to perform community service pursuant to the provisions of this title, the juvenile court may order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to deposit with the juvenile court a reasonable sum of money to pay for the cost of a policy for insurance against liability for personal injury and damage to property or for industrial insurance, or both, during those periods in which the work is performed, unless, in the case of industrial insurance, it is provided by the authority for which the work is performed.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1065)

††††† NRS 62E.190  Supervising entities; reports.

††††† 1.  If the juvenile court orders a child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to perform community service pursuant to the provisions of this title, the child or parent or guardian of the child, or both, must perform the community service for and under the supervising authority of a county, city, town or other political subdivision or agency of the State of Nevada or a charitable organization that renders service to the community or its residents, including, but not limited to:

††††† (a) A public organization that works on public projects;

††††† (b) A public agency that works on projects to eradicate graffiti; or

††††† (c) A private nonprofit organization that performs other community service.

††††† 2.  The person or entity who supervises the community service shall make such reports to the juvenile court as the juvenile court may require.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1046)

††††† NRS 62E.200  Restrictions concerning community service and programs of work on or near highways or in other dangerous situations.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, if a child is required to perform any work or community service pursuant to the provisions of this title, the supervising entity shall not allow the child to perform the work or community service on or near a highway or in any other dangerous situation.

††††† 2.  A supervising entity may allow a child to perform work or community service on or near a controlled-access highway if:

††††† (a) The child is not required to perform any work or service in the median of the highway;

††††† (b) The work or service is performed behind a guardrail or other safety barrier;

††††† (c) Appropriate warning signs are placed on the highway at least 100 yards in front of the location where the child is working from both directions, as appropriate based on the speed of the vehicles traveling on the highway;

††††† (d) A vehicle with an amber light placed on top of the vehicle is placed at the site in a manner which shields the child from traffic;

††††† (e) The child is required to wear a reflective vest and an orange hat;

††††† (f) The supervising entity obtains written permission from the parent or guardian of the child; and

††††† (g) The supervising entity obtains written permission from and complies with all safety rules of the governmental entity with authority over the controlled-access highway.

††††† 3.  A supervising entity may allow a child to perform work or community service on or near a highway that does not have controlled access if:

††††† (a) The child is not required to perform any work or service in the median of the highway;

††††† (b) Appropriate warning signs are placed at least 100 yards in front of the location where the child is working from both directions, as appropriate based on the speed of the vehicles traveling on the highway;

††††† (c) A vehicle with an amber light placed on top of the vehicle is placed at the site in a manner which shields the child from traffic;

††††† (d) The child is required to wear a reflective vest and an orange hat;

††††† (e) The supervising entity obtains written permission from the parent or guardian of the child; and

††††† (f) The supervising entity obtains written permission from and complies with all safety rules of the governmental entity with authority over the highway.

††††† 4.  Upon the request of the parent or guardian of the child who is assigned to perform work or community service on or near a highway pursuant to subsection 2 or 3, the supervising entity shall make available to the parent or guardian information regarding the nature of the work or community service to be performed by the child and the specific location at which the work or community service is to be performed.

††††† 5.  As used in this section:

††††† (a) ďControlled-access highwayĒ means every highway to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by a public authority.

††††† (b) ďOther dangerous situationĒ means any situation that poses a reasonably foreseeable risk that serious bodily harm or injury to a child could occur.

††††† (c) ďSupervising entityĒ means a person or entity that is responsible for supervising children who are ordered to perform work or community service pursuant to the provisions of this title.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1046)

Alternative Programs

††††† NRS 62E.210  When juvenile court may order completion of certain alternative programs; payment of cost of participation in such programs.

††††† 1.  If a child has not previously been adjudicated delinquent or in need of supervision and the unlawful act committed by the delinquent child did not involve the use or threatened use of force or violence against a victim, the juvenile court may order a child to complete any or all of the following programs:

††††† (a) A program of cognitive training and human development established pursuant to NRS 62E.220.

††††† (b) A program for the arts as described in NRS 62E.240.

††††† (c) A program of sports or physical fitness as described in NRS 62E.240.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders the child to participate in a program of cognitive training and human development, a program for the arts or a program of sports or physical fitness, the juvenile court may order any or all of the following, in the following order of priority if practicable:

††††† (a) The child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to the extent of their financial ability, to pay the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program, including, but not limited to, a reasonable sum of money to pay for the cost of policies of insurance against liability for personal injury and damage to property during those periods in which the child participates in the program;

††††† (b) The child to work on projects or perform community service for a period that reflects the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program; or

††††† (c) The county in which the petition alleging the child to be in need of supervision is filed to pay the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1066)

††††† NRS 62E.220  Program of cognitive training and human development.

††††† 1.  A program of cognitive training and human development must include, but is not limited to, education, instruction or guidance in one or more of the following subjects, as deemed appropriate by the juvenile court:

††††† (a) Motivation.

††††† (b) Habits, attitudes and conditioning.

††††† (c) Self-conditioning processes.

††††† (d) Developing a successful way of life.

††††† (e) The process of solving problems.

††††† (f) Emotions and emotional blocks.

††††† (g) Assurances and demonstrative maturity.

††††† (h) Family success.

††††† (i) Family relationships.

††††† (j) Interfamilial understanding and communications.

††††† (k) Financial stability.

††††† (l) Effective communications.

††††† (m) Conflict resolution.

††††† (n) Anger management.

††††† (o) Obtaining and retaining employment.

††††† 2.  A director of juvenile services may contract with persons and public or private entities that are qualified to operate or to participate in a program of cognitive training and human development.

††††† 3.  A director of juvenile services may designate a person to carry out the provisions of this section.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1044)

††††† NRS 62E.230  Cognitive training and human development fund: Establishment; requirements for management and expenditures of fund.

††††† 1.  To finance a program of cognitive training and human development established pursuant to NRS 62E.220, a director of juvenile services may establish, with the county treasurer as custodian, a special fund to be known as the cognitive training and human development fund.

††††† 2.  A director of juvenile services may apply for and accept grants, gifts, donations, bequests or devises which the director shall deposit with the county treasurer for credit to the fund.

††††† 3.  The fund must be a separate and continuing fund, and no money in the fund reverts to the general fund of the county at any time. The interest earned on the money in the fund, after deducting any applicable charges, must be credited to the fund.

††††† 4.  A director of juvenile services shall:

††††† (a) Expend money from the fund only to finance a program of cognitive training and human development; and

††††† (b) If the source of the money is a grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise, expend the money, to the extent permitted by law, in accordance with the terms of the grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise.

††††† 5.  A director of juvenile services must authorize any expenditure from the fund before it is made.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1044)

††††† NRS 62E.240  Program of sports or physical fitness and program for the arts.

††††† 1.  A program of sports or physical fitness and a program for the arts:

††††† (a) May be publicly or privately operated; and

††††† (b) Must be adequately supervised.

††††† 2.  A program for the arts may include, but is not limited to:

††††† (a) Drawing, painting, photography or other visual arts;

††††† (b) Writing;

††††† (c) Musical, dance or theatrical performance; and

††††† (d) Any other structured activity that involves creative or artistic expression.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1044)

Restrictions on Driverís License

††††† NRS 62E.250  Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order that the driverís license of a child be suspended for at least 90 days but not more than 2 years.

††††† 2.  If the child does not possess a driverís license, the juvenile court may prohibit the child from receiving a driverís license for at least 90 days but not more than 2 years:

††††† (a) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license.

††††† (b) After the date the child becomes eligible to apply for a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a license on the date of the order.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1065)

††††† NRS 62E.260  Information provided to child upon application for driverís license; procedure following suspension or delay.

††††† 1.  If a child applies for a driverís license, the Department of Motor Vehicles shall:

††††† (a) Notify the child of the provisions of this title that permit the juvenile court to suspend or revoke the driverís license of the child; and

††††† (b) Require the child to sign an affidavit acknowledging that the child is aware that the driverís license of the child may be suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this title.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court issues an order delaying the ability of a child to receive a driverís license, not later than 5 days after issuing the order the juvenile court shall forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of the order.

††††† 3.  If the juvenile court issues an order suspending the driverís license of a child:

††††† (a) The juvenile court shall order the child to surrender the driverís license of the child to the juvenile court; and

††††† (b) Not later than 5 days after issuing the order, the juvenile court shall forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of the order and the driverís license of the child.

††††† 4.  If the juvenile court issues an order suspending the driverís license of a child, the Department of Motor Vehicles:

††††† (a) Shall report the suspension of the driverís license of the child to an insurance company or its agent inquiring about the childís driving record, but such a suspension must not be considered for the purpose of rating or underwriting.

††††† (b) Shall not treat the suspension in the manner statutorily required for moving traffic violations, unless the suspension resulted from the childís poor performance as a driver.

††††† (c) Shall not require the child to submit to the tests and other requirements which are adopted by regulation pursuant to subsection 1 of NRS 483.495 as a condition of reinstatement or reissuance after the suspension of a driverís license, unless the suspension resulted from the childís poor performance as a driver.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1065)

Miscellaneous Provisions

††††† NRS 62E.270  Administrative assessment to be ordered when fine is imposed against certain persons.

††††† 1.  If the juvenile court imposes a fine against:

††††† (a) A delinquent child pursuant to NRS 62E.730;

††††† (b) A child who has committed a minor traffic offense, except an offense related to metered parking, pursuant to NRS 62E.700; or

††††† (c) A child in need of supervision, or the parent or guardian of the child, because the child is a habitual truant pursuant to NRS 62E.430,

  the juvenile court shall order the child or the parent or guardian of the child to pay an administrative assessment of $10 in addition to the fine.

††††† 2.  If, pursuant to NRS 62E.440, the juvenile court imposes a fine against a child who has committed an offense related to tobacco, the juvenile court shall order the child to pay an administrative assessment of $10 in addition to the fine.

††††† 3.  The juvenile court shall state separately on its docket the amount of money that the juvenile court collects for the administrative assessment.

††††† 4.  If the child is found not to have committed the alleged act or the charges are dropped, the juvenile court shall return to the child or the parent or guardian of the child any money deposited with the juvenile court for the administrative assessment.

††††† 5.  On or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding month, the clerk of the court shall pay to the county treasurer the money the juvenile court collects for administrative assessments.

††††† 6.  On or before the 15th day of each month, the county treasurer shall deposit the money in the county general fund for credit to a special account for the use of the countyís juvenile court or for services to delinquent children.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1067; A 2007, 1818; 2013, 1530)

††††† NRS 62E.280  Medical, psychiatric, psychological and other care or treatment and examinations.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may:

††††† (a) Order such medical, psychiatric, psychological or other care and treatment for a child as the juvenile court deems to be in the best interests of the child; and

††††† (b) Cause the child to be examined by a physician, psychiatrist, psychologist or other qualified person.

††††† 2.  If the child appears to be in need of medical, psychiatric, psychological or other care or treatment:

††††† (a) The juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of the child to provide such care or treatment; and

††††† (b) If, after due notice, the parent or guardian fails to provide such care or treatment, the juvenile court may order that the child be provided with the care or treatment. When approved by the juvenile court, the expense of such care or treatment is a charge upon the county, but the juvenile court may order the person having the duty under the law to support the child to pay part or all of the expenses of such care or treatment.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1064)

††††† NRS 62E.290  Ordering parent or guardian of child to refrain from certain conduct; counseling for parent, guardian or other person living with child.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of a child to refrain from engaging in or continuing any conduct which the juvenile court believes has caused or tended to cause the child to become subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

††††† 2.  If the child is less than 18 years of age, the juvenile court may order:

††††† (a) The parent or guardian of the child; and

††††† (b) Any sibling or other person who is living in the same household as the child over whom the juvenile court has jurisdiction,

  to attend or participate in counseling, with or without the child, including, but not limited to, counseling regarding parenting skills, alcohol or substance abuse, or techniques of dispute resolution.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1065)

††††† NRS 62E.300  Payment of expenses of proceedings by parent or guardian.  The juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of a child to pay, in whole or in part, for the costs related to the proceedings involving the disposition of the case, including, but not limited to:

††††† 1.  Reasonable attorneyís fees;

††††† 2.  Any costs incurred by the juvenile court; and

††††† 3.  Any costs incurred in investigating the acts committed by the child and in taking the child into custody.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1067)

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CHILDREN IN NEED OF SUPERVISION

††††† NRS 62E.400  Applicability of provisions.

††††† 1.  The provisions of NRS 62E.400 to 62E.440, inclusive, apply to the disposition of a case involving a child who is found to be within the purview of this title because the child is or is alleged to be in need of supervision.

††††† 2.  If such a child is found to be within the purview of this title:

††††† (a) The juvenile court may issue any orders or take any actions set forth in NRS 62E.400 to 62E.440, inclusive, that the juvenile court deems proper for the disposition of the case; and

††††† (b) If required by a specific statute, the juvenile court shall issue the appropriate orders or take the appropriate actions set forth in the statute.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1068; A 2013, 1530)

††††† NRS 62E.410  Initial admonition and referral; conditions before adjudication; inapplicability to habitual truant.

††††† 1.  If a petition is filed alleging that a child is in need of supervision and the child previously has not been found to be within the purview of this title, the juvenile court:

††††† (a) Shall admonish the child to obey the law and to refrain from repeating the acts for which the petition was filed;

††††† (b) Shall maintain a record of the admonition;

††††† (c) Shall refer the child to services available in the community for counseling, behavioral modification and social adjustment; and

††††† (d) Shall not adjudicate the child to be in need of supervision, unless a subsequent petition based upon additional facts is filed with the juvenile court after admonition and referral pursuant to this subsection.

††††† 2.  If a child is not subject to the provisions of subsection 1, the juvenile court may not adjudicate the child to be in need of supervision unless the juvenile court expressly finds that reasonable efforts were taken in the community to assist the child in ceasing the behavior for which the child is alleged to be in need of supervision.

††††† 3.  The provisions of this section do not apply to a child who is alleged to be in need of supervision because the child is a habitual truant.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1049)

††††† NRS 62E.420  Placement in certain facilities prohibited.  A child in need of supervision must not be committed to or otherwise placed in a state facility for the detention of children or any other facility that provides correctional care.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1068)

††††† NRS 62E.430  Habitual truants: Fines; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license; community service.

††††† 1.  If a child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child is a habitual truant, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) The first time the child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child is a habitual truant:

†††††††††††† (1) Order:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) The child to pay a fine of not more than $100 and the administrative assessment required by NRS 62E.270 or if the parent or guardian of the child knowingly induced the child to be a habitual truant, order the parent or guardian to pay the fine and the administrative assessment; or

†††††††††††††††††† (II) The child to perform not less than 8 hours but not more than 16 hours of community service; and

†††††††††††† (2) If the child is 14 years of age or older, order the suspension of the driverís license of the child for at least 30 days but not more than 6 months. If the child does not possess a driverís license, the juvenile court shall prohibit the child from applying for a driverís license for 30 days:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Immediately following the date of the order if the child is eligible to apply for a driverís license; or

†††††††††††††††††† (II) After the date the child becomes eligible to apply for a driverís license if the child is not eligible to apply for a driverís license.

††††† (b) The second or any subsequent time the child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child is a habitual truant:

†††††††††††† (1) Order:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) The child to pay a fine of not more than $200 and the administrative assessment required by NRS 62E.270 or if the parent or guardian of the child knowingly induced the child to be a habitual truant, order the parent or guardian to pay the fine and the administrative assessment;

†††††††††††††††††† (II) The child to perform not more than 10 hours of community service; or

†††††††††††††††††† (III) Compliance with the requirements set forth in both sub-subparagraphs (I) and (II); and

†††††††††††† (2) If the child is 14 years of age or older, order the suspension of the driverís license of the child for at least 60 days but not more than 1 year. If the child does not possess a driverís license, the juvenile court shall prohibit the child from applying for a driverís license for 60 days:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Immediately following the date of the order if the child is eligible to apply for a driverís license; or

†††††††††††††††††† (II) After the date the child becomes eligible to apply for a driverís license if the child is not eligible to apply for a driverís license.

††††† 2.  The juvenile court may suspend the payment of a fine ordered pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 if the child attends school for 60 consecutive school days, or its equivalent in a school district operating under an alternative schedule authorized pursuant to NRS 388.090, after the imposition of the fine, or has a valid excuse acceptable to the childís teacher or the principal for any absence from school within that period.

††††† 3.  The juvenile court may suspend the payment of a fine ordered pursuant to this section if the parent or guardian of a child is ordered to pay a fine by another court of competent jurisdiction in a case relating to or arising out of the same circumstances that caused the juvenile court to adjudicate the child in need of supervision.

††††† 4.  The community service ordered pursuant to this section must be performed at the childís school of attendance, if practicable.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1068; A 2003, 3218; 2007, 1819)

††††† NRS 62E.440  Offenses related to tobacco: Fines; tobacco awareness and cessation program; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license; costs and administrative assessments.

††††† 1.  If a child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child has committed an offense related to tobacco, the juvenile court may:

††††† (a) The first time the child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child has committed an offense related to tobacco, order the child to:

†††††††††††† (1) Pay a fine of $25; and

†††††††††††† (2) Attend and complete a tobacco awareness and cessation program.

††††† (b) The second time the child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child has committed an offense related to tobacco, order the child to:

†††††††††††† (1) Pay a fine of $50; and

†††††††††††† (2) Attend and complete a tobacco awareness and cessation program.

††††† (c) The third or any subsequent time the child is adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child has committed an offense related to tobacco, order:

†††††††††††† (1) The child to pay a fine of $75;

†††††††††††† (2) The child to attend and complete a tobacco awareness and cessation program; and

†††††††††††† (3) That the driverís license of the child be suspended for at least 30 days but not more than 90 days or, if the child does not possess a driverís license, prohibit the child from receiving a driverís license for at least 30 days but not more than 90 days:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license.

†††††††††††††††††† (II) After the date the child becomes eligible to apply for a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a license on the date of the order.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders a child to attend and complete a tobacco awareness and cessation program, the juvenile court may order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay the reasonable cost for the child to attend the program.

††††† 3.  If the juvenile court orders a child to pay a fine pursuant to this section, the juvenile court shall order the child to pay an administrative assessment pursuant to NRS 62E.270.

††††† 4.  If the juvenile court orders a child to pay a fine and administrative assessment pursuant to this section and the child willfully fails to pay the fine or administrative assessment, the juvenile court may order that the driverís license of the child be suspended for at least 30 days but not more than 90 days or, if the child does not possess a driverís license, prohibit the child from receiving a driverís license for at least 30 days but not more than 90 days:

††††† (a) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license.

††††† (b) After the date the child becomes eligible to apply for a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a license on the date of the order.

  If the child is already the subject of a court order suspending or delaying the issuance of the driverís license of the child, the juvenile court shall order the additional suspension or delay, as appropriate, to apply consecutively with the previous order.

††††† 5.  If the juvenile court suspends the driverís license of a child pursuant to this section, the juvenile court may order the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue a restricted driverís license pursuant to NRS 483.490 permitting the child to drive a motor vehicle:

††††† (a) To and from work or in the course of his or her work, or both;

††††† (b) To and from school; or

††††† (c) To acquire supplies of medicine or food or receive regularly scheduled medical care for himself, herself or a member of his or her immediate family.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2013, 1528)

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO DELINQUENT CHILDREN

Applicability

††††† NRS 62E.500  Applicability of provisions.

††††† 1.  The provisions of NRS 62E.500 to 62E.730, inclusive:

††††† (a) Apply to the disposition of a case involving a child who is adjudicated delinquent.

††††† (b) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 62E.700 and 62E.705, do not apply to the disposition of a case involving a child who is found to have committed a minor traffic offense.

††††† 2.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent:

††††† (a) The juvenile court may issue any orders or take any actions set forth in NRS 62E.500 to 62E.730, inclusive, that the juvenile court deems proper for the disposition of the case; and

††††† (b) If required by a specific statute, the juvenile court shall issue the appropriate orders or take the appropriate actions set forth in the statute.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1069; A 2005, 1036; 2007, 645)

Commitment

††††† NRS 62E.510  Age limitations on commitment of child to state facility for detention of children and to private institution.

††††† 1.  If a delinquent child is less than 12 years of age, the juvenile court shall not commit the child to a state facility for the detention of children.

††††† 2.  If a delinquent child is 12 years of age or older, the juvenile court shall not commit the child to a private institution.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1069; A 2011, 2519)

††††† NRS 62E.513  Commitment of child to facility for detention of children: Screening required; time and method for conducting screening.

††††† 1.  Each child who is adjudicated delinquent and committed by the juvenile court to a regional facility for the detention of children or state facility for the detention of children or ordered by the juvenile court to be placed in a facility for the detention of children pursuant to NRS 62E.710 must be screened to determine whether the child is in need of mental health services or is an abuser of alcohol or drugs.

††††† 2.  The facility to which the child is committed or in which the child is placed shall cause the screening required pursuant to subsection 1 to be conducted as soon as practicable after the child has been committed to or placed in the facility.

††††† 3.  The method for conducting the screening required pursuant to subsection 1 must satisfy the requirements of NRS 62E.516.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2005, 1035)

††††† NRS 62E.516  Commitment of child to facility for detention of children: Approval of methods for screening; duties of Division of Child and Family Services; appropriate governing body and chief judge to ensure compliance with requirements; regulations.

††††† 1.  Each local facility for the detention of children and regional facility for the detention of children shall conduct the screening required pursuant to NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513 using a method that has been approved by the Division of Child and Family Services. The Division shall approve a method upon determining that the method is:

††††† (a) Based on research; and

††††† (b) Reliable and valid for identifying a child who is in need of mental health services or who is an abuser of alcohol or other drugs.

††††† 2.  Each local facility for the detention of children and regional facility for the detention of children shall submit its method for conducting the screening required pursuant to NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513 to the Division of Child and Family Services for approval on or before July 1 of each fifth year after the date on which the method was initially approved by the Division. Before a local facility for the detention of children or regional facility for the detention of children may begin using a new method for conducting the screening required pursuant to NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513, the facility must obtain approval of the method from the Division pursuant to subsection 1.

††††† 3.  If the Division of Child and Family Services does not approve a method for conducting the screening required pursuant to NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513 that is submitted by a local facility for the detention of children or a regional facility for the detention of children, and the facility does not submit a new method for conducting the screening for approval within 90 days after the denial, the Division of Child and Family Services shall notify the appropriate board of county commissioners or other governing body which administers the facility and the chief judge of the appropriate judicial district that the facility has not received approval of its method for conducting the screening as required by this section.

††††† 4.  Upon receiving the notice required by subsection 3, the appropriate board of county commissioners or governing body and the chief judge shall take appropriate action to ensure that the facility complies with the requirements of this section and NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513.

††††† 5.  Each state facility for the detention of children shall use a method for conducting the screening required pursuant to NRS 62E.513 that satisfies the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 1. The Division of Child and Family Services shall review the method used by each state facility for the detention of children at least once every 5 years to ensure the method used by the facility continues to satisfy the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 1.

††††† 6.  The Division of Child and Family Services shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513, including, without limitation, regulations prescribing the requirements for:

††††† (a) Transmitting information obtained from the screening conducted pursuant to NRS 62C.035 and 62E.513; and

††††† (b) Protecting the confidentiality of information obtained from such screening.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2005, 1035)

††††† NRS 62E.520  Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Conditions and limitations; notice; investigation and recommendation for placement of child.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may commit a delinquent child to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services for suitable placement if:

††††† (a) The child is at least 8 years of age but less than 12 years of age, and the juvenile court finds that the child is in need of placement in a correctional or institutional facility; or

††††† (b) The child is at least 12 years of age but less than 18 years of age, and the juvenile court finds that the child:

†††††††††††† (1) Is in need of placement in a correctional or institutional facility; and

†††††††††††† (2) Is in need of residential psychiatric services or other residential services for the mental health of the child.

††††† 2.  Before the juvenile court commits a delinquent child to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) Notify the Division at least 3 working days before the juvenile court holds a hearing to consider such a commitment; and

††††† (b) At the request of the Division, provide the Division with not more than 10 working days within which to:

†††††††††††† (1) Investigate the child and the circumstances of the child; and

†††††††††††† (2) Recommend a suitable placement to the juvenile court.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1069)

††††† NRS 62E.530  Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Physical examination required; report from physician.

††††† 1.  Before the juvenile court commits a delinquent child to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, the juvenile court shall order that a physician conduct a physical examination of the child, which includes a blood test, test for tuberculosis, urinalysis and an examination for venereal disease.

††††† 2.  Not later than 5 days after the date on which the physical examination is conducted, the physician shall make a written report of the results of the physical examination to the clerk of the court.

††††† 3.  Upon receipt of the written report:

††††† (a) The clerk of the court shall immediately forward a copy of the written report to the Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services; and

††††† (b) The county auditor shall allow a claim for payment to the physician for the physical examination.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1069)

††††† NRS 62E.540  Commitment of child to Division of Child and Family Services: Payment of expenses by parent or guardian.

††††† 1.  If the juvenile court commits a delinquent child to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, the juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of the child to pay, in whole or in part, for the support of the child.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders the parent or guardian of the child to pay for the support of the child:

††††† (a) The payments must be paid to the Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services; and

††††† (b) The Administrator shall deposit the payments with the State Treasurer for credit to a separate account in the State General Fund. The Administrator may expend the money in the separate account to carry out the powers and duties of the Administrator and the Division of Child and Family Services.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1070)

Restitution

††††† NRS 62E.550  Power of juvenile court to order restitution and to establish and administer programs of restitution.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 62E.560, the juvenile court may order a delinquent child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both:

††††† (a) To provide restitution to the victim of any unlawful act committed by the child; or

††††† (b) To participate in a program designed to provide restitution to a victim of any unlawful act committed by the child.

††††† 2.  The juvenile court may establish and administer programs which are designed to provide restitution to victims of unlawful acts committed by delinquent children.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1071)

††††† NRS 62E.560  Duty of juvenile court to order restitution for certain unlawful acts; responsibilities of parent or guardian of child; community service in lieu of restitution.

††††† 1.  If a delinquent child has committed an unlawful act that causes physical injury to a victim of the act, the juvenile court shall order the child to provide restitution to the victim for medical expenses incurred as a result of the act.

††††† 2.  If a delinquent child has committed an unlawful act that damaged or destroyed property owned or possessed by another person, the juvenile court shall order the child to provide restitution to the person who owns or possesses the property.

††††† 3.  If the child is not able to provide restitution pursuant to this section, the juvenile court shall order the parent or guardian of the child to provide restitution, unless the juvenile court determines that extenuating circumstances exist.

††††† 4.  If, because of financial hardship, a delinquent child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, are unable to provide restitution pursuant to this section, the juvenile court shall order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to perform community service.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1072)

††††† NRS 62E.570  Determination of amount of restitution.  If the juvenile court orders a delinquent child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay restitution:

††††† 1.  The juvenile court shall determine the amount of restitution the child or parent or guardian of the child, or both, must pay to the victim; and

††††† 2.  The juvenile court may order that the child or parent or guardian of the child, or both, pay restitution in an amount that equals the full amount of the loss incurred by the victim, regardless of the amount of insurance coverage that exists for the loss.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1072)

††††† NRS 62E.580  Program of restitution through work: Establishment; requirements; powers of director of juvenile services.

††††† 1.  A director of juvenile services may establish a program of restitution through work. A program of restitution through work must:

††††† (a) Include, but is not limited to, instruction in skills for employment and work ethics; and

††††† (b) Require a child who participates in the program to:

†††††††††††† (1) With the assistance of the program and if practicable, seek and obtain a position of employment with a public or private employer; and

†††††††††††† (2) Sign an authorization form that permits money to be deducted from the wages of the child to pay restitution. The director of juvenile services may prescribe the contents of the authorization form and may determine the amount of money to be deducted from the wages of the child to pay restitution, but the director shall not require that more than:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Fifty percent of the wages of the child be deducted to pay restitution if the child, with the approval of the director or probation officer, secures the employment without the assistance of the program; or

†††††††††††††††††† (II) Sixty percent of the wages of the child be deducted to pay restitution if the child secures the employment with the assistance of the program.

††††† 2.  A program of restitution through work may include, but is not limited to, cooperative agreements with public or private employers to make available positions of employment for a child who participates in the program.

††††† 3.  A director of juvenile services may terminate participation by a child in a program of restitution through work for any lawful reason or purpose.

††††† 4.  A director of juvenile services may contract with persons and public or private entities that are qualified to operate or to participate in a program of restitution through work.

††††† 5.  A director of juvenile services may designate a person to carry out the provisions of this section.

††††† 6.  The provisions of this section do not:

††††† (a) Create a right on behalf of a child to participate in a program of restitution through work or to hold a position of employment; or

††††† (b) Establish a basis for any cause of action against the State of Nevada or its officers or employees for denial of the ability to participate in or for removal from a program of restitution through work or for denial of or removal from a position of employment.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1045; A 2003, 349)

††††† NRS 62E.590  Program of restitution through work: Restitution through work fund.

††††† 1.  To finance a program of restitution through work, a director of juvenile services may establish, with the county treasurer as custodian, a special fund to be known as the restitution through work fund.

††††† 2.  A director of juvenile services may apply for and accept grants, gifts, donations, bequests or devises which the director shall deposit with the county treasurer for credit to the fund.

††††† 3.  The fund must be a separate and continuing fund, and no money in the fund reverts to the general fund of the county at any time. The interest earned on the money in the fund, after deducting any applicable charges, must be credited to the fund.

††††† 4.  A director of juvenile services shall:

††††† (a) Expend money from the fund only to finance a program of restitution through work; and

††††† (b) If the source of the money is a grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise, expend the money, to the extent permitted by law, in accordance with the terms of the grant, gift, donation, bequest or devise.

††††† 5.  A director of juvenile services must authorize any expenditure from the fund before it is made.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1045)

††††† NRS 62E.600  Program of restitution through work: Conditions for participation; payment of costs.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order a delinquent child to participate in a program of restitution through work that is established pursuant to NRS 62E.580 if the child:

††††† (a) Is 14 years of age or older;

††††† (b) Has never been adjudicated delinquent for an unlawful act that involved the use or threatened use of force or violence against a victim and has never been found to have committed such an unlawful act in any other jurisdiction, unless the juvenile court determines that the child would benefit from the program;

††††† (c) Is ordered to provide restitution to a victim; and

††††† (d) Voluntarily agrees to participate in the program of restitution through work.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders a child to participate in a program of restitution through work, the juvenile court may order any or all of the following, in the following order of priority if practicable:

††††† (a) The child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to the extent of their financial ability, to pay the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program, including, but not limited to, a reasonable sum of money to pay for the cost of policies of insurance against liability for personal injury and damage to property or for industrial insurance, or both, during those periods in which the child participates in the program or performs work, unless, in the case of industrial insurance, it is provided by the employer for which the child performs the work; or

††††† (b) The child to work on projects or perform community service for a period that reflects the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1072; A 2003, 349)

††††† NRS 62E.610  Victim awarded restitution may bring civil action in district court to recover damages.  If the juvenile court orders a delinquent child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay restitution to a victim of any unlawful act committed by the child, the victim is not prohibited from bringing a civil action to recover damages incurred as a result of the unlawful act.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1073)

Specific Acts Committed by Child

††††† NRS 62E.620  Evaluation of child who committed certain acts involving alcohol or controlled substance; program of treatment; treatment facility not liable for acts of child; confidentiality of information; driving under influence included in driverís record of child.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court shall order a delinquent child to undergo an evaluation to determine whether the child is an abuser of alcohol or other drugs if the child committed:

††††† (a) An unlawful act in violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430;

††††† (b) The unlawful act of using, possessing, selling or distributing a controlled substance; or

††††† (c) The unlawful act of purchasing, consuming or possessing an alcoholic beverage in violation of NRS 202.020.

††††† 2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, an evaluation of the child must be conducted by:

††††† (a) A clinical alcohol and drug abuse counselor who is licensed, an alcohol and drug abuse counselor who is licensed or certified, or an alcohol and drug abuse counselor intern or a clinical alcohol and drug abuse counselor intern who is certified, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that classification; or

††††† (b) A physician who is certified to make that classification by the Board of Medical Examiners.

††††† 3.  If the child resides in this State but the nearest location at which an evaluation may be conducted is in another state, the court may allow the evaluation to be conducted in the other state if the person conducting the evaluation:

††††† (a) Possesses qualifications that are substantially similar to the qualifications described in subsection 2;

††††† (b) Holds an appropriate license, certificate or credential issued by a regulatory agency in the other state; and

††††† (c) Is in good standing with the regulatory agency in the other state.

††††† 4.  The evaluation of the child may be conducted at an evaluation center.

††††† 5.  The person who conducts the evaluation of the child shall report to the juvenile court the results of the evaluation and make a recommendation to the juvenile court concerning the length and type of treatment required for the child.

††††† 6.  The juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) Order the child to undergo a program of treatment as recommended by the person who conducts the evaluation of the child.

††††† (b) Require the treatment facility to submit monthly reports on the treatment of the child pursuant to this section.

††††† (c) Order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to the extent of their financial ability, to pay any charges relating to the evaluation and treatment of the child pursuant to this section. If the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, do not have the financial resources to pay all those charges:

†††††††††††† (1) The juvenile court shall, to the extent possible, arrange for the child to receive treatment from a treatment facility which receives a sufficient amount of federal or state money to offset the remainder of the costs; and

†††††††††††† (2) The juvenile court may order the child, in lieu of paying the charges relating to the childís evaluation and treatment, to perform community service.

††††† 7.  After a treatment facility has certified a childís successful completion of a program of treatment ordered pursuant to this section, the treatment facility is not liable for any damages to person or property caused by a child who:

††††† (a) Drives, operates or is in actual physical control of a vehicle or a vessel under power or sail while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance; or

††††† (b) Engages in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130, 484C.430, subsection 2 of NRS 488.400, NRS 488.410, 488.420 or 488.425 or a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct.

††††† 8.  The provisions of this section do not prohibit the juvenile court from:

††††† (a) Requiring an evaluation to be conducted by a person who is employed by a private company if the company meets the standards of the Division of Public and Behavioral Health of the Department of Health and Human Services. The evaluation may be conducted at an evaluation center.

††††† (b) Ordering the child to attend a program of treatment which is administered by a private company.

††††† 9.  Except as otherwise provided in section 6 of chapter 435, Statutes of Nevada 2007, all information relating to the evaluation or treatment of a child pursuant to this section is confidential and, except as otherwise authorized by the provisions of this title or the juvenile court, must not be disclosed to any person other than:

††††† (a) The juvenile court;

††††† (b) The child;

††††† (c) The attorney for the child, if any;

††††† (d) The parents or guardian of the child;

††††† (e) The district attorney; and

††††† (f) Any other person for whom the communication of that information is necessary to effectuate the evaluation or treatment of the child.

††††† 10.  A record of any finding that a child has violated the provisions of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 must be included in the driverís record of that child for 7 years after the date of the offense.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1073; A 2005, 31, 162; 2007, 2067, 3075; 2009, 1878)

††††† NRS 62E.630  Certain acts involving alcohol or controlled substance: Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, if a child is adjudicated delinquent for the unlawful act of using, possessing, selling or distributing a controlled substance, or purchasing, consuming or possessing an alcoholic beverage in violation of NRS 202.020, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) If the child possesses a driverís license, issue an order suspending the driverís license of the child for at least 90 days but not more than 2 years; or

††††† (b) If the child does not possess a driverís license and the child is or will be eligible to receive a driverís license within the 2 years immediately following the date of the order, issue an order prohibiting the child from receiving a driverís license for a period specified by the juvenile court which must be at least 90 days but not more than 2 years:

†††††††††††† (1) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license; or

†††††††††††† (2) After the date the child will be eligible to receive a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a driverís license on the date of the order.

††††† 2.  If the child is already the subject of a court order suspending or delaying the issuance of the driverís license of the child, the juvenile court shall order the additional suspension or delay, as appropriate, to apply consecutively with the previous order.

††††† 3.  If the juvenile court finds that a suspension or delay in the issuance of the driverís license of a child pursuant to this section would cause or is causing a severe or undue hardship to the child or his or her immediate family and that the child is otherwise eligible to receive a driverís license, the juvenile court may order the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue a restricted driverís license to the child pursuant to NRS 483.490.

††††† 4.  If the juvenile court issues an order requiring the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue a restricted driverís license to a child pursuant to subsection 3, not later than 5 days after issuing the order, the juvenile court shall forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of the order.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1074; A 2013, 715)

††††† NRS 62E.640  Driving under influence: Revocation of driverís license.

††††† 1.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent for an unlawful act in violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430, the juvenile court shall, if the child possesses a driverís license:

††††† (a) Issue an order revoking the driverís license of the child for 90 days and requiring the child to surrender the driverís license of the child to the juvenile court; and

††††† (b) Not later than 5 days after issuing the order, forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of the order and the driverís license of the child.

††††† 2.  The Department of Motor Vehicles shall order the child to submit to the tests and other requirements which are adopted by regulation pursuant to subsection 1 of NRS 483.495 as a condition of reinstatement of the driverís license of the child.

††††† 3.  If the child is adjudicated delinquent for a subsequent unlawful act in violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430, the juvenile court shall order an additional period of revocation to apply consecutively with the previous order.

††††† 4.  The juvenile court may authorize the Department of Motor Vehicles to issue a restricted driverís license pursuant to NRS 483.490 to a child whose driverís license is revoked pursuant to this section.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1075; A 2005, 163; 2009, 1879)

††††† NRS 62E.650  Certain acts involving firearm: Community service; suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

††††† 1.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent because the child handled or possessed a firearm or had a firearm under his or her control in violation of NRS 202.300, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) For the first offense:

†††††††††††† (1) Order the child to perform 200 hours of community service; and

†††††††††††† (2) Issue an order suspending the driverís license of the child for not more than 1 year or, if the child does not possess a driverís license, prohibit the child from receiving a driverís license for not more than 1 year:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license.

†††††††††††††††††† (II) After the date the child becomes eligible to receive a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a license on the date of the order.

††††† (b) For the second offense:

†††††††††††† (1) Order the child to perform at least 200 hours but not more than 600 hours of community service; and

†††††††††††† (2) Issue an order suspending the driverís license of the child for at least 90 days but not more than 2 years or, if the child does not possess a driverís license, prohibit the child from receiving a driverís license for at least 90 days but not more than 2 years:

†††††††††††††††††† (I) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license.

†††††††††††††††††† (II) After the date the child becomes eligible to receive a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a license on the date of the order.

††††† 2.  If the child is already the subject of a court order suspending or delaying the issuance of the driverís license of the child, the juvenile court shall order an additional suspension or delay, as appropriate, to apply consecutively with the previous order.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1075)

††††† NRS 62E.660  Certain acts involving firearm: Revocation of and prohibition from receiving license to hunt.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent because the child handled or possessed a firearm or had a firearm under his or her control in violation of NRS 202.300, the juvenile court shall:

††††† 1.  Order that any license to hunt issued to the child pursuant to chapter 502 of NRS must be revoked by the Department of Wildlife;

††††† 2.  Order that the child must not receive a license to hunt within the 2 years immediately following the date of the order or until the child is 18 years of age, whichever is later;

††††† 3.  Order the child to surrender to the juvenile court any license to hunt then held by the child; and

††††† 4.  Not later than 5 days after issuing the order, forward to the Department of Wildlife any license to hunt surrendered by the child and a copy of the order.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1076; A 2003, 1558)

††††† NRS 62E.670  Act involving use of firearm or use or threatened use of force or violence: Effect on disposition.

††††† 1.  In determining the appropriate disposition of a case of a delinquent child, the juvenile court shall consider whether the unlawful act committed by the child involved the use of a firearm or the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim of the act.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court finds that the act committed by the child involved the use of a firearm or the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim, the juvenile court shall include the finding in its order and may:

††††† (a) Commit the child for confinement in a secure facility for the detention of children, including a facility which is secured by its staff.

††††† (b) Impose any other punitive measures that the juvenile court determines to be in the best interests of the public or the child.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1076)

††††† NRS 62E.680  Act involving cruelty to or torture of animal: Participation in counseling or other psychological treatment; payment of costs.

††††† 1.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent for an unlawful act that involves cruelty to or torture of an animal, the juvenile court shall order the child to participate in counseling or other psychological treatment.

††††† 2.  The juvenile court shall order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to the extent of their financial ability, to pay the cost of the child to participate in the counseling or other psychological treatment.

††††† 3.  As used in this section:

††††† (a) ďAnimalĒ does not include the human race, but includes every other living creature.

††††† (b) ďTortureĒ or ďcrueltyĒ includes every act, omission or neglect, whereby unjustifiable physical pain, suffering or death is caused or permitted.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1076)

††††† NRS 62E.685  Act involving killing or possession of certain animals.  If a child is adjudicated delinquent for an unlawful act involving the killing or possession of certain animals in violation of NRS 501.376, the juvenile court may do any or all of the following:

††††† 1.  Order the child to pay a fine. If the juvenile court orders the child to pay a fine, the juvenile court shall order the child to pay an administrative assessment pursuant to NRS 62E.270. If, because of financial hardship, the child is unable to pay the fine, the juvenile court may order the child to perform community service.

††††† 2.  Order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay a civil penalty pursuant to NRS 501.3855.

††††† 3.  Order that any license issued to the child pursuant to chapter 502 of NRS be revoked by the Department of Wildlife. The juvenile court shall order the child to surrender to the court any license issued to the child pursuant to chapter 502 of NRS then held by the child and, not later than 5 days after issuing the order, forward to the Department of Wildlife any license surrendered by the child and a copy of the order.

††††† 4.  Order that the child must not receive a license to hunt, fish or trap within the 2 years immediately following the date of the order or until the child is 18 years of age, whichever is later.

††††† 5.  Order the child placed on probation and impose such conditions as the juvenile court deems proper.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2011, 600)

††††† NRS 62E.690  Certain offenses concerning graffiti or defacement of property: Suspension or delay in issuance of driverís license.

††††† 1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, if a child is adjudicated delinquent for the unlawful act of placing graffiti on or otherwise defacing public or private property owned or possessed by another person in violation of NRS 206.125 or 206.330 or for the unlawful act of carrying a graffiti implement in certain places without valid authorization in violation of NRS 206.335, the juvenile court shall:

††††† (a) If the child possesses a driverís license, issue an order suspending the driverís license of the child for at least 1 year but not more than 2 years; or

††††† (b) If the child does not possess a driverís license and the child is or will be eligible to receive a driverís license within the 2 years immediately following the date of the order, issue an order prohibiting the child from receiving a driverís license for a period specified by the juvenile court which must be at least 1 year but not more than 2 years:

†††††††††††† (1) Immediately following the date of the order, if the child is eligible to receive a driverís license; or

†††††††††††† (2) After the date the child will be eligible to receive a driverís license, if the child is not eligible to receive a driverís license on the date of the order.

††††† 2.  If the child is already the subject of a court order suspending or delaying the issuance of the driverís license of the child, the juvenile court shall order the additional suspension or delay, as appropriate, to apply consecutively with the previous order.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1076; A 2007, 2299)

††††† NRS 62E.700  Minor traffic offenses.

††††† 1.  If a child is found to have committed a minor traffic offense, the juvenile court may do any or all of the following:

††††† (a) Order the child to pay a fine. If the juvenile court orders the child to pay a fine, the juvenile court shall order the child to pay an administrative assessment pursuant to NRS 62E.270, unless the offense involved a violation of a law or ordinance governing metered parking. If, because of financial hardship, the child is unable to pay the fine, the juvenile court may order the child to perform community service.

††††† (b) Recommend to the Department of Motor Vehicles the suspension of the driverís license of the child.

††††† (c) Order the child to attend and complete a traffic survival course.

††††† (d) Order the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay the reasonable cost for the child to attend the traffic survival course.

††††† (e) Order the child placed on probation and impose such conditions as the juvenile court deems proper.

††††† 2.  The juvenile court shall forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles, in the form required by NRS 483.450, a record of the minor traffic offense, unless the offense involved a violation of a law or ordinance governing standing or parking.

††††† 3.  As used in this section, ďjuvenile courtĒ means:

††††† (a) The juvenile court; or

††††† (b) The Justice Court or municipal court if the juvenile court has transferred the case and record to the Justice Court or municipal court pursuant to NRS 62B.380.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1070)

††††† NRS 62E.705  Unlawful operation of motor vehicle without or in violation of license or permit: Joint and several liability of parent or guardian; community service in lieu of monetary penalty.

††††† 1.  If the juvenile court:

††††† (a) Adjudicates a child delinquent for the unlawful act of operating a motor vehicle without a valid driverís license or instruction permit for the type or class of vehicle being driven or in violation of any restrictions imposed on a valid driverís license or instruction permit held by the child; and

††††† (b) Finds that the parent or guardian of the child knowingly and willfully allowed the child to operate the vehicle without a valid driverís license or instruction permit for the type or class of vehicle being driven or in violation of any restrictions imposed on a valid driverís license or instruction permit held by the child,

  the juvenile court shall order the parent or guardian of the child to be held jointly and severally liable with the child for all fines, fees, assessments and other monetary penalties and any restitution imposed on the child for the unlawful act and any other traffic offense committed by the child while operating the vehicle, including, without limitation, any other traffic offense in violation of chapter 483 or chapters 484A to 484E, inclusive, of NRS.

††††† 2.  If, because of financial hardship, the parent or guardian is unable to pay any fine, fee, assessment or other monetary penalty or any restitution that the juvenile court imposes on the parent or guardian pursuant to this section, the juvenile court may order the parent or guardian to perform community service.

††††† 3.  As used in this section, ďjuvenile courtĒ means:

††††† (a) The juvenile court; or

††††† (b) The justice court or municipal court if the juvenile court has transferred the case and record to the justice court or municipal court pursuant to NRS 62B.380.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2007, 645)

††††† NRS 62E.710  Violation of probation or parole: Placement in facility for detention of children or county jail.  The juvenile court may order any child who is:

††††† 1.  Less than 18 years of age and who has been adjudicated delinquent and placed on probation by the juvenile court to be placed in a facility for the detention of children for not more than 30 days for the violation of probation.

††††† 2.  At least 18 years of age but less than 21 years of age and who has been placed on probation by the juvenile court or who has been released on parole to be placed in a county jail for not more than 30 days for the violation of probation or parole.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1071; A 2007, 110; 2013, 2316)

Miscellaneous Provisions

††††† NRS 62E.720  Program of visitation to office of county coroner: Establishment; requirements; payment of costs.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order a delinquent child to participate in a program of visitation to the office of the county coroner that is established pursuant to this section.

††††† 2.  In determining whether to order the child to participate in such a program, the juvenile court shall consider whether the unlawful act committed by the child involved the use or threatened use of force or violence against the child or others or demonstrated a disregard for the safety or well-being of the child or others.

††††† 3.  The juvenile court may establish a program of visitation to the office of the county coroner in cooperation with the coroner of the county pursuant to this section.

††††† 4.  Before a delinquent child may participate in a program of visitation, the parent or guardian of the child must provide to the juvenile court on a form provided by the juvenile court:

††††† (a) Written consent for the child to participate in the program of visitation; and

††††† (b) An executed release of liability for any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence or willful misconduct of the juvenile court, the county coroner, or any other person administering or conducting a program of visitation, that causes personal injury or illness of the child during the period in which the child participates in the program of visitation.

††††† 5.  A program of visitation must include, but is not limited to:

††††† (a) A visit to the office of the county coroner at times and under circumstances determined by the county coroner.

††††† (b) A course to instruct the child concerning:

†††††††††††† (1) The consequences of the childís actions; and

†††††††††††† (2) An awareness of the childís own mortality.

††††† (c) An opportunity for each participant in a program of visitation to evaluate each component of the program.

††††† 6.  The juvenile court may order the child, or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay a fee of not more than $45 based on the ability of the child or the parent or guardian of the child, or both, to pay for the costs associated with the participation of the child in the program of visitation.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1071; A 2005, 1065; 2013, 1612)

††††† NRS 62E.730  Fines and penalties.

††††† 1.  The juvenile court may order a delinquent child to pay a fine.

††††† 2.  If the juvenile court orders a delinquent child to pay a fine, the juvenile court shall order the child to pay an administrative assessment pursuant to NRS 62E.270.

††††† 3.  If a delinquent child is less than 17 years of age, the juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of the child to pay any fines and penalties that the juvenile court imposes for the unlawful act committed by the child.

††††† 4.  If, because of financial hardship, the parent or guardian is unable to pay any fines and penalties that the juvenile court imposes for the unlawful act committed by the child, the juvenile court may order the parent or guardian to perform community service.

††††† (Added to NRS by 2003, 1070)