[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:15:05 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 62B - GENERAL ADMINISTRATION; JURISDICTION

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

Juvenile Courts

NRS 62B.010          Assignment of judges to juvenile court; powers and duties.

NRS 62B.020          Master of the juvenile court: Appointment; training; compensation.

NRS 62B.030          Master of the juvenile court: Powers and duties; review of recommendations by juvenile court.

NRS 62B.040          County youth services commission: Establishment; composition; duties.

 

Fiscal Administration

NRS 62B.100          Expenses incurred in complying with title are charge against county; exception; fixing salaries, expenses and other compensation of employees of juvenile court and department of juvenile justice services.

NRS 62B.110          Parent or guardian to reimburse county for ancillary services provided to child; civil remedy.

NRS 62B.120          Commitment of child to custody of institution or person other than parent or guardian is charge upon county; parent or guardian may be ordered to pay for support of such child; penalty for failure to pay.

NRS 62B.130          Parent or guardian to reimburse county for support of child during detention in local or regional facility for detention of children; civil remedy.

NRS 62B.140          Expenses related to commitment of child to regional facility for detention of children: Payment by county; reimbursement by parent or guardian of child.

NRS 62B.150          Certain counties to pay assessment for operation of regional facilities for detention of children partially supported by State.

NRS 62B.160          Certain counties to pay assessment for operation of regional facilities for detention of children not supported by State.

NRS 62B.165          Counties to pay assessment for activities of Youth Parole Bureau; approval for county to carry out provisions relating to parole; exemption from assessment.

 

Institutions, Agencies or Facilities to Which Child Is Committed

NRS 62B.200          Powers and duties of counties to provide facilities for detention of children and alternative programs.

NRS 62B.210          Conduct and location of facilities for detention of children.

NRS 62B.215          Conditions and limitations on use of corrective room restriction by certain facilities for detention of children; reporting requirement.

NRS 62B.220          Detention facility to develop and implement plan for care of children during disaster.

NRS 62B.230          Restriction on use of restraints on child who is in labor, delivering her baby or recuperating from delivery.

NRS 62B.240          Adoption of certain policies relating to medical care and medications for children; employees to receive copy of policy.

NRS 62B.250          Training required for certain employees; regulations.

 

Background Investigation of Employees of Institutions, Agencies and Facilities to Which Child Is Committed

NRS 62B.260          “Licensing authority” defined.

NRS 62B.265          Provisions not applicable to certain private institutions.

NRS 62B.270          Background investigation required; charge for investigation; periodic additional investigations.

NRS 62B.275          Termination of employment for conviction of certain crimes; correction of information concerning conviction.

NRS 62B.280          Maintenance of records.

JURISDICTION

NRS 62B.300          Exercise of jurisdiction by district courts; district courts termed juvenile courts for that purpose.

NRS 62B.310          Exclusive jurisdiction; exceptions; powers of other courts.

NRS 62B.320          Child in need of supervision. [Effective through December 31, 2014.]

NRS 62B.320          Child in need of supervision. [Effective January 1, 2015.]

NRS 62B.330          Child alleged or adjudicated to have committed delinquent act; acts deemed not to be delinquent. [Effective through September 30, 2014.]

NRS 62B.330          Child alleged or adjudicated to have committed delinquent act; acts deemed not to be delinquent. [Effective October 1, 2014.]

NRS 62B.335          Jurisdiction over adult charged with certain delinquent acts committed as child.

NRS 62B.340          Child who is on probation or who violates condition of parole.

NRS 62B.350          Adults; stepparents; rights and remedies of adults subject to jurisdiction.

NRS 62B.360          No jurisdiction over child subject to exclusive jurisdiction of Indian tribe.

NRS 62B.370          When court must transfer case to juvenile court.

NRS 62B.380          Transfer of cases involving minor traffic offenses to other courts.

NRS 62B.390          Certification of child for criminal proceedings as adult. [Effective through September 30, 2014.]

NRS 62B.390          Certification of child for criminal proceedings as adult. [Effective October 1, 2014.]

NRS 62B.400          Child who escapes or attempts escape from facility for detention of juveniles deemed escaped prisoner; when court may certify such child for criminal proceedings; when deemed delinquent act.

NRS 62B.410          Termination and retention of jurisdiction.

NRS 62B.420          Jurisdiction to enter civil judgments under certain circumstances; enforcement and collection of such judgments.

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GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

Juvenile Courts

      NRS 62B.010  Assignment of judges to juvenile court; powers and duties.

      1.  In any judicial district in which there are two or three district judges, the district judges, by mutual consent, shall:

      (a) Assign one district judge to serve as the judge of the juvenile court for a period set by the district judges; or

      (b) Divide the powers and duties set forth in this title among the district judges as they see fit.

      2.  In a judicial district which does not include a county whose population is 100,000 or more and in which there are four or more district judges:

      (a) The district judges, by mutual consent, shall assign one district judge to serve as the judge of the juvenile court for a period of 2 years; or

      (b) If the district judges cannot agree, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall assign one district judge to serve as the judge of the juvenile court for a period of 2 years.

      3.  If, for any reason, a district judge who is assigned to serve as a judge of the juvenile court pursuant to this section is unable to act, any other district judge of the judicial district may act temporarily as a judge of the juvenile court during the period that the district judge who is regularly assigned is unable to act.

      4.  Each district judge who is assigned to serve as a judge of the juvenile court has all the powers and duties set forth in this title, and the primary duty of the district judge is to administer the provisions of this title.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1027)

      NRS 62B.020  Master of the juvenile court: Appointment; training; compensation.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the juvenile court or the chief judge of the judicial district may appoint any person to act as a master of the juvenile court if the person is qualified by previous experience, training and demonstrated interest in the welfare of children to act as a master of the juvenile court.

      2.  A probation officer shall not act as a master of the juvenile court unless the proceeding concerns:

      (a) A minor traffic offense;

      (b) An offense related to tobacco; or

      (c) A child who is alleged to be a habitual truant.

      3.  If a person is appointed to act as a master of the juvenile court, the person shall attend instruction at the National College of Juvenile and Family Law in Reno, Nevada, in a course designed for the training of new judges of the juvenile court on the first occasion when such instruction is offered after the person is appointed.

      4.  If, for any reason, a master of the juvenile court is unable to act, the juvenile court or the chief judge of the judicial district may appoint another qualified person to act temporarily as a master of the juvenile court during the period that the master who is regularly appointed is unable to act.

      5.  The compensation of a master of the juvenile court:

      (a) May not be taxed against the parties.

      (b) Must be paid out of appropriations made for the expenses of the district court, if the compensation is fixed by the juvenile court.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1027; A 2013, 1526)

      NRS 62B.030  Master of the juvenile court: Powers and duties; review of recommendations by juvenile court.

      1.  The juvenile court may order a master of the juvenile court to:

      (a) Swear witnesses.

      (b) Take evidence.

      (c) Make findings of fact and recommendations.

      (d) Conduct all proceedings before the master of the juvenile court in the same manner as a district judge conducts proceedings in a district court.

      2.  Not later than 10 days after the evidence before a master of the juvenile court is closed, the master shall file with the juvenile court:

      (a) All papers relating to the case;

      (b) Written findings of fact; and

      (c) Written recommendations.

      3.  A master of the juvenile court shall provide to the parent or guardian of the child, the attorney for the child, the district attorney, and any other person concerned, written notice of:

      (a) The master’s findings of fact;

      (b) The master’s recommendations;

      (c) The right to object to the master’s recommendations; and

      (d) The right to request a hearing de novo before the juvenile court as provided in subsection 4.

      4.  After reviewing the recommendations of a master of the juvenile court and any objection to the master’s recommendations, the juvenile court shall:

      (a) Approve the master’s recommendations, in whole or in part, and order the recommended disposition;

      (b) Reject the master’s recommendations, in whole or in part, and order such relief as may be appropriate; or

      (c) Direct a hearing de novo before the juvenile court if, not later than 5 days after the master provides notice of the master’s recommendations, a person who is entitled to such notice files with the juvenile court a request for a hearing de novo before the juvenile court.

      5.  A recommendation of a master of the juvenile court is not effective until expressly approved by the juvenile court as evidenced by the signature of a judge of the juvenile court.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1028)

      NRS 62B.040  County youth services commission: Establishment; composition; duties.

      1.  In any county where it is deemed advisable, the juvenile court may establish a youth services commission.

      2.  Each youth services commission must consist of five persons appointed by the juvenile court.

      3.  In conjunction with the Division of Child and Family Services, the youth services commission shall advise the juvenile court, the Legislature, the Governor and the governing bodies of each city and the county to:

      (a) Determine the extent to which various departments, agencies and organizations may wish to cooperate in a common effort to coordinate their existing programs and develop new programs to reduce the incidence of juvenile delinquency;

      (b) Develop necessary formal agreements among those departments, agencies and organizations, including agreements involving the joint exercise of power;

      (c) Initiate, where feasible, other special projects for the prevention of delinquency through the use and coordination of existing resources within the community; and

      (d) Seek and secure money and resources to carry out the purposes of the youth services commission.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1032)

Fiscal Administration

      NRS 62B.100  Expenses incurred in complying with title are charge against county; exception; fixing salaries, expenses and other compensation of employees of juvenile court and department of juvenile justice services.

      1.  All expenses incurred in complying with the provisions of this title are a charge against the county, except for expenses that must be paid by the State of Nevada pursuant to the provisions of chapter 63 of NRS or a specific statute.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, within the limits provided by the board of county commissioners, the juvenile court shall fix the salaries, expenses and other compensation of masters of the juvenile court, probation officers and all employees of the juvenile court.

      3.  If the board of county commissioners has established a department of juvenile justice services by ordinance pursuant to NRS 62G.200 to 62G.240, inclusive, the board of county commissioners shall fix the salaries, expenses and other compensation of probation officers, assistant probation officers and all employees of the department of juvenile justice services.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1087)

      NRS 62B.110  Parent or guardian to reimburse county for ancillary services provided to child; civil remedy.

      1.  If a child becomes subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court and the child receives ancillary services that are administered or financed by a county, including, but not limited to, transportation or psychiatric, psychological or medical services, the county is entitled to reimbursement from the parent or guardian of the child for all money expended by the county for such services.

      2.  To determine the amount that the parent or guardian of the child must reimburse the county for such services:

      (a) The board of county commissioners may adopt a sliding scale based on the ability of the parent or guardian to pay; and

      (b) The juvenile court shall review each case and make a finding as to the reasonableness of the charge in relation to the ability of the parent or guardian to pay.

      3.  If the parent or guardian of the child fails or refuses to reimburse the county, the board of county commissioners may recover from the parent or guardian, by appropriate legal action, all money due plus interest thereon at the rate of 7 percent per annum commencing 30 days after an itemized statement of all money due is submitted to the parent or guardian.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1087)

      NRS 62B.120  Commitment of child to custody of institution or person other than parent or guardian is charge upon county; parent or guardian may be ordered to pay for support of such child; penalty for failure to pay.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, if the juvenile court commits a child to the custody of a person who is not the parent or guardian of the child or to the custody of a public or private institution or agency, and no provision is otherwise made by law for the support of the child, the expenses incurred for the support of the child while in such custody, if approved by an order of the juvenile court, are a charge upon the county where the child has a legal residence.

      2.  Notwithstanding any other statute providing for the support of such a child, after the parent or guardian of the child has been given notice and a reasonable opportunity to be heard, the juvenile court may order the parent or guardian to pay, in such a manner as the juvenile court may direct and within the ability of the parent or guardian to pay, money to cover in whole or in part the support of the child.

      3.  If the parent or guardian of the child willfully fails or refuses to pay the money due, the juvenile court may proceed against the parent or guardian for contempt.

      4.  If the juvenile court orders the parent or guardian of the child to pay for the support of the child pursuant to this section, the money must be paid to the superintendent of the county school district or fiscal officer of the institution to which the child is committed, or the chief administrative officer of the agency to whom the child is committed.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1087, 1088)

      NRS 62B.130  Parent or guardian to reimburse county for support of child during detention in local or regional facility for detention of children; civil remedy.

      1.  If a child is detained other than pursuant to a court order in a local or regional facility for the detention of children, the county that has detained the child is entitled to reimbursement from the parent or guardian of the child for all money expended by the county for the support of the child during the period of the child’s detention.

      2.  If the parent or guardian of the child fails or refuses to reimburse the county, the board of county commissioners may recover from the parent or guardian, by appropriate legal action, all money due plus interest thereon at the rate of 7 percent per annum.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1087)

      NRS 62B.140  Expenses related to commitment of child to regional facility for detention of children: Payment by county; reimbursement by parent or guardian of child.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a child is committed to the custody of a regional facility for the detention of children, the juvenile court may order the county where the child has a legal residence to pay the expenses incurred for the support of the child in an amount equal to any money paid for that purpose by the Division of Child and Family Services. Such an order may not be entered if the county maintains the facility to which the child is committed.

      2.  The juvenile court may order the parent or guardian of the child to reimburse the county, in whole or in part, for any money expended by the county for the support of the child.

      3.  This section does not prohibit the juvenile court from providing for the support of the child in any other manner authorized by law.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1087)

      NRS 62B.150  Certain counties to pay assessment for operation of regional facilities for detention of children partially supported by State.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, each county shall pay an assessment for the operation of each regional facility for the detention of children that is partially supported by the State of Nevada and is operated by a county whose population is less than 700,000.

      2.  The assessment owed by each county equals the total amount budgeted by the Legislature for the operation of the regional facility, minus any money appropriated by the Legislature for the support of the regional facility, divided by the total number of pupils in this State in the preceding school year, excluding pupils in counties whose population is 700,000 or more, and multiplied by the number of pupils in the assessed county. The Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services shall calculate the assessment owed by each county in June of each year for the ensuing fiscal year.

      3.  Each county must pay the assessed amount to the Division of Child and Family Services in quarterly installments that are due the first day of the first month of each calendar quarter.

      4.  The Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services shall deposit the money received pursuant to subsection 3 in a separate account in the State General Fund. The money in the account may be withdrawn only by the Administrator for the operation of regional facilities for the detention of children.

      5.  Revenue raised by a county to pay the assessment required pursuant to subsection 1 is not subject to the limitations on revenue imposed pursuant to chapter 354 of NRS and must not be included in the calculation of those limitations.

      6.  The provisions of this section do not apply to a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      7.  As used in this section, “regional facility for the detention of children” or “regional facility” does not include the institution in Lyon County known as Western Nevada Regional Youth Center.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1085; A 2011, 1139)

      NRS 62B.160  Certain counties to pay assessment for operation of regional facilities for detention of children not supported by State.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5, each county shall pay an assessment for the operation of a regional facility for the detention of children that serves the county if the regional facility:

      (a) Is operated by a county whose population is less than 700,000 or an administrative entity established pursuant to NRS 277.080 to 277.180, inclusive, by counties whose populations are less than 700,000 each;

      (b) Is established by two or more counties pursuant to an interlocal agreement or by one county if the regional facility is operated pursuant to an interlocal agreement to benefit other counties; and

      (c) Is not partially supported by the State of Nevada and does not receive money from the State of Nevada other than any fees paid to the regional facility for a child referred to the regional facility by the State of Nevada.

      2.  The administrator of a regional facility for the detention of children shall calculate the assessment owed by each county pursuant to subsection 1 on or before March 1 of each year for the ensuing fiscal year. The assessment owed by each county equals:

      (a) For the first 2 years of operation of the regional facility, the total amount budgeted for the operation of the regional facility by the governing body of the county or other entity responsible for the operation of the regional facility, minus any money received from the State of Nevada to pay for fees for a child referred to the regional facility by the State of Nevada, divided by the total number of pupils in the preceding school year in all counties served by the regional facility and multiplied by the number of pupils in the preceding school year in the assessed county.

      (b) For each year subsequent to the second year of operation of the regional facility, unless the counties served by the regional facility enter into an interlocal agreement to the contrary, the total of:

             (1) The total amount budgeted for the operation of the regional facility by the governing body of the county or other entity responsible for the operation of the regional facility, minus any money received from the State of Nevada to pay for fees for a child referred to the regional facility by the State of Nevada, divided by the total number of pupils in the preceding school year in all counties served by the regional facility, multiplied by the number of pupils in the preceding school year in the assessed county and multiplied by one-fourth; and

             (2) The total amount budgeted for the operation of the regional facility by the governing body of the county or other entity responsible for the operation of the regional facility, minus any money received from the State of Nevada to pay for fees for a child referred to the regional facility by the State of Nevada, divided by the total number of pupils who were served by the regional facility in the preceding school year from all counties served by the regional facility, multiplied by the number of pupils who were served by the regional facility in the preceding school year from the assessed county and multiplied by three-fourths.

      3.  Each county shall pay the assessment required pursuant to subsection 1 to the treasurer of the county if the regional facility is operated by a county or to the administrative entity responsible for the operation of the regional facility in quarterly installments that are due on the first day of the first month of each calendar quarter. The money must be accounted for separately and may only be withdrawn by the administrator of the regional facility.

      4.  The board of county commissioners of each county may pay the assessment from revenue raised by a tax levied pursuant to NRS 354.59818, any other available money, or a combination thereof.

      5.  The provisions of this section do not apply to a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      6.  As used in this section, “regional facility for the detention of children” or “regional facility” does not include the institution in Douglas County known as China Spring Youth Camp.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1085; A 2011, 1139)

      NRS 62B.165  Counties to pay assessment for activities of Youth Parole Bureau; approval for county to carry out provisions relating to parole; exemption from assessment.

      1.  Unless an exemption is approved pursuant to subsection 4, each county shall pay an assessment for the activities of the Youth Parole Bureau that are necessary to carry out the provisions of NRS 63.700 to 63.780, inclusive.

      2.  The assessment owed by each county equals the total amount budgeted by the Legislature for the operation of the Youth Parole Bureau, divided by the total number of pupils enrolled in grades 7 through 12 in public schools in this State in the preceding school year and multiplied by the number of pupils enrolled in grades 7 through 12 in public schools in the assessed county. The Administrator of the Division of Child and Family Services shall calculate the assessment owed by each county in June of each year for the ensuing fiscal year.

      3.  Each county must pay the assessed amount to the Division of Child and Family Services in quarterly installments that are due the first day of the first month of each calendar quarter.

      4.  A county may submit a proposal to the Governor for the county to carry out the provisions of NRS 63.700 to 63.780, inclusive, with respect to any child released from a state facility for the detention of children who resides within the county. If the Governor approves the proposal, the Governor must submit a recommendation to the Interim Finance Committee to exempt the county from the assessment required pursuant to subsection 1. The Interim Finance Committee, upon receiving the recommendation from the Governor, shall consider the proposal and determine whether to approve the exemption. In considering whether to approve the exemption, the Interim Finance Committee shall consider, among other things, the best interests of the State, the effect of the exemption and the intent of the Legislature in requiring the assessment to be paid by each county.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 2519)

Institutions, Agencies or Facilities to Which Child Is Committed

      NRS 62B.200  Powers and duties of counties to provide facilities for detention of children and alternative programs.

      1.  The board of county commissioners:

      (a) In a county whose population is 55,000 or more, shall provide a facility for the detention of children.

      (b) In all other counties, may provide a facility for the detention of children.

      2.  The boards of county commissioners of two or more counties, without regard to the population of the counties, may provide a combined facility for the detention of children under terms agreed upon by the boards of county commissioners and the juvenile courts of the affected judicial districts.

      3.  In addition to any facilities for the detention of children, a board of county commissioners may establish or maintain programs which provide alternatives to placing a child in a facility for the detention of children.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1084; A 2011, 1140)

      NRS 62B.210  Conduct and location of facilities for detention of children.

      1.  Any facility for the detention of children:

      (a) Must be constructed and conducted as nearly like a home as possible;

      (b) Must not be deemed to be or treated as a penal institution; and

      (c) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, must not adjoin, be located on the same grounds as, or share common facilities or common grounds with a prison, an adult jail or an adult lockup.

      2.  If a facility for the detention of children complies with the provisions of 28 C.F.R. § 31.303 relating to collocated facilities, the facility for the detention of children may adjoin, be located on the same grounds as, or share common facilities or common grounds with an adult jail or an adult lockup.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1084)

      NRS 62B.215  Conditions and limitations on use of corrective room restriction by certain facilities for detention of children; reporting requirement.

      1.  A child who is detained in a local or regional facility for the detention of children may be subjected to corrective room restriction only if all other less-restrictive options have been exhausted and only for the purpose of:

      (a) Modifying the negative behavior of the child;

      (b) Holding the child accountable for a violation of a rule of the facility; or

      (c) Ensuring the safety of the child, staff or others or ensuring the security of the facility.

      2.  Any action that results in corrective room restriction for more than 2 hours must be documented in writing and approved by a supervisor.

      3.  A local or regional facility for the detention of children shall conduct a safety and well-being check on a child subjected to corrective room restriction at least once every 10 minutes while the child is subjected to corrective room restriction.

      4.  A child may be subjected to corrective room restriction only for the minimum time required to address the negative behavior, rule violation or threat to the safety of the child, staff or others or to the security of the facility, and the child must be returned to the general population of the facility as soon as reasonably possible.

      5.  A child who is subjected to corrective room restriction for more than 24 hours must be provided:

      (a) Not less than 1 hour of out-of-room, large muscle exercise each day, including, without limitation, access to outdoor recreation if weather permits;

      (b) Access to the same meals and medical and mental health treatment, the same access to contact with parents or legal guardians, and the same access to legal assistance and educational services as is provided to children in the general population of the facility; and

      (c) A review of the corrective room restriction status at least once every 24 hours. If, upon review, the corrective room restriction is continued, the continuation must be documented in writing, including, without limitation, an explanation as to why no other less-restrictive option is available.

      6.  A local or regional facility for the detention of children shall not subject a child to corrective room restriction for more than 72 consecutive hours.

      7.  A local or regional facility for the detention of children shall report monthly to the Juvenile Justice Programs Office of the Division of Child and Family Services the number of children who were subjected to corrective room restriction during that month and the length of time that each child was in corrective room restriction. Any incident that resulted in the use of corrective room restriction for 72 consecutive hours must be addressed in the monthly report, and the report must include the reason or reasons any attempt to return the child to the general population of the facility was unsuccessful.

      8.  As used in this section, “corrective room restriction” means the confinement of a child to his or her room as a disciplinary or protective action and includes, without limitation:

      (a) Administrative seclusion;

      (b) Behavioral room confinement;

      (c) Corrective room rest; and

      (d) Room confinement.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1520)

      NRS 62B.220  Detention facility to develop and implement plan for care of children during disaster.

      1.  A facility for the detention of children to which a juvenile court commits a child shall develop and implement a plan for the care of children in the facility during disasters. The plan must be developed and implemented in accordance with the plans and regulations adopted pursuant to NRS 432.400 and 432.410.

      2.  As used in this section, “disaster” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 432.400.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 1778)

      NRS 62B.230  Restriction on use of restraints on child who is in labor, delivering her baby or recuperating from delivery.

      1.  No restraints of any kind may be used on a child who is in labor, delivering her baby or recuperating from delivery unless there are compelling reasons to believe that the child presents:

      (a) A serious and immediate threat of harm to herself, staff or others; or

      (b) A substantial flight risk and cannot be reasonably confined by other means.

      2.  If a child who is in labor, delivering her baby or recuperating from delivery is restrained, only the least restrictive restraints which are necessary to ensure safety and security may be used.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 308)

      NRS 62B.240  Adoption of certain policies relating to medical care and medications for children; employees to receive copy of policy.

      1.  A public or private institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, shall adopt a policy concerning the manner in which to:

      (a) Document the orders of the treating physician of a child;

      (b) Administer medication to a child;

      (c) Store, handle and dispose of medication;

      (d) Document the administration of medication and any errors in the administration of medication;

      (e) Minimize errors in the administration of medication; and

      (f) Address errors in the administration of medication.

      2.  Such an institution or agency shall ensure that each employee of the institution or agency who will administer medication to a child at the institution or agency receives a copy of and understands the policy adopted pursuant to subsection 1.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 1360)

      NRS 62B.250  Training required for certain employees; regulations.

      1.  A public or private institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, shall ensure that each employee who comes into direct contact with children who are in custody receives training within 30 days after employment and annually thereafter. Such training must include, without limitation, instruction concerning:

      (a) Controlling the behavior of children;

      (b) Policies and procedures concerning the use of force and restraint on children;

      (c) The rights of children in the institution or agency;

      (d) Suicide awareness and prevention;

      (e) The administration of medication to children;

      (f) Applicable state and federal constitutional and statutory rights of children in the institution or agency;

      (g) Policies and procedures concerning other matters affecting the health, welfare, safety and civil and other rights of children in the institution or agency; and

      (h) Such other matters as required by the Division of Child and Family Services.

      2.  The Division of Child and Family Services shall adopt regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1193)

Background Investigation of Employees of Institutions, Agencies and Facilities to Which Child Is Committed

      NRS 62B.260  “Licensing authority” defined.  As used in NRS 62B.260 to 62B.280, inclusive, “licensing authority” means the governmental entity which licenses and regulates a private institution to which a juvenile court commits a child, including without limitation, a facility for the detention of children.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 3549)

      NRS 62B.265  Provisions not applicable to certain private institutions.  The provisions of NRS 62B.260 to 62B.280, inclusive, do not apply to a private institution to which a juvenile court commits a child, including without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, if the private institution is required to comply with similar requirements as a condition for licensure in this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 3549)

      NRS 62B.270  Background investigation required; charge for investigation; periodic additional investigations.

      1.  A public institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child or the licensing authority of a private institution to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, shall secure from appropriate law enforcement agencies information on the background and personal history of each employee of the institution or agency to determine whether the employee has been convicted of:

      (a) Murder, voluntary manslaughter or mayhem;

      (b) Any other felony involving the use of a firearm or other deadly weapon;

      (c) Assault with intent to kill or to commit sexual assault or mayhem;

      (d) Sexual assault, statutory sexual seduction, incest, lewdness, indecent exposure or any other sexually related crime;

      (e) Abuse or neglect of a child or contributory delinquency;

      (f) A violation of any federal or state law regulating the possession, distribution or use of any controlled substance or any dangerous drug as defined in chapter 454 of NRS;

      (g) Abuse, neglect, exploitation or isolation of older persons or vulnerable persons, including, without limitation, a violation of any provision of NRS 200.5091 to 200.50995, inclusive, or a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct; or

      (h) Any offense involving fraud, theft, embezzlement, burglary, robbery, fraudulent conversion or misappropriation of property within the immediately preceding 7 years.

      2.  An employee of the public or private institution or agency must submit to the public institution or agency or the licensing authority, as applicable, two complete sets of fingerprints and written authorization to forward those fingerprints to the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for its report.

      3.  The public institution or agency or the licensing authority, as applicable, may exchange with the Central Repository or the Federal Bureau of Investigation any information concerning the fingerprints submitted.

      4.  The public institution or agency or the licensing authority, as applicable, may charge an employee investigated pursuant to this section for the reasonable cost of that investigation.

      5.  When a report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation is received by the Central Repository, the Central Repository shall immediately forward a copy of the report to the public institution or agency or the licensing authority, as applicable, for a determination of whether the employee has been convicted of a crime listed in subsection 1.

      6.  A person who is required to submit to an investigation required pursuant to this section shall not have contact with a child without supervision in a public or private institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, before the investigation of the background and personal history of the person has been conducted.

      7.  The public institution or agency or the licensing authority, as applicable, shall conduct an investigation of each employee of the institution or agency pursuant to this section at least once every 5 years after the initial investigation.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 3549)

      NRS 62B.275  Termination of employment for conviction of certain crimes; correction of information concerning conviction.

      1.  Upon receiving information from the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History pursuant to NRS 62B.270 or evidence from any other source that an employee of a public institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child or the licensing authority of a private institution to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, has been convicted of a crime listed in NRS 62B.270:

      (a) The public institution or agency shall terminate the employment of the employee after allowing the employee time to correct the information as required pursuant to subsection 2; or

      (b) The licensing authority of the private institution shall inform the private institution of the receipt of the information or evidence, and the institution shall terminate the employment of the employee after allowing the employee time to correct the information as required pursuant to subsection 2.

      2.  If an employee believes that the information provided to the public institution or agency or the licensing authority by the Central Repository pursuant to NRS 62B.270 is incorrect, the employee must inform his or her employing institution or agency immediately. An institution or agency that is so informed shall give the employee a reasonable amount of time of not less than 30 days to correct the information.

      3.  During the period in which an employee seeks to correct information pursuant to subsection 2, it is within the discretion of the employing institution or agency whether to allow the employee to continue to work for the institution or agency, as applicable, except that the employee shall not have contact with a child in the institution or agency without supervision during such period.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 3550)

      NRS 62B.280  Maintenance of records.

      1.  Each public institution or agency to which a juvenile court commits a child and each licensing authority of a private institution to which a juvenile court commits a child, including, without limitation, a facility for the detention of children, and each licensing agency shall maintain accurate records of the information concerning an employee collected pursuant to NRS 62B.270 and 62B.275 for the period of the employee’s employment with his or her employing institution or agency, including, without limitation:

      (a) A copy of the fingerprints that were submitted to the Central Repository and a copy of the written authorization that was provided by the employee;

      (b) Proof that the fingerprints of the employee were submitted to the Central Repository; and

      (c) Any other documentation of the information collected pursuant to NRS 62B.270 and 62B.275.

      2.  The records maintained pursuant to subsection 1 must be:

      (a) Maintained for the period of the employee’s employment with his or her employing institution or agency; and

      (b) Made available for inspection by the Division of Child and Family Services at any reasonable time, and copies thereof must be furnished to the Division upon request.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 3551)

JURISDICTION

      NRS 62B.300  Exercise of jurisdiction by district courts; district courts termed juvenile courts for that purpose.  The district courts:

      1.  To the extent specified in this title, shall have and exercise jurisdiction in all proceedings conducted pursuant to this title; and

      2.  When exercising jurisdiction pursuant to the provisions of this title, shall be termed juvenile courts.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1027)

      NRS 62B.310  Exclusive jurisdiction; exceptions; powers of other courts.

      1.  If the juvenile court exercises jurisdiction over a child regarding any matter within the purview of this title, another court may not exercise jurisdiction over the child regarding that matter, unless the juvenile court:

      (a) Certifies the child for proper criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to the provisions of this title; or

      (b) Transfers the case to another court pursuant to the provisions of this title.

      2.  The provisions of this title do not deprive another court of the right to determine:

      (a) The custody of the child upon a writ of habeas corpus; or

      (b) The custody or guardianship of the child in a case involving divorce or problems of domestic relations.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030)

      NRS 62B.320  Child in need of supervision. [Effective through December 31, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, the juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction in proceedings concerning any child living or found within the county who is alleged or adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child:

      (a) Is subject to compulsory school attendance and is a habitual truant from school;

      (b) Habitually disobeys the reasonable and lawful demands of the parent or guardian of the child and is unmanageable;

      (c) Deserts, abandons or runs away from the home or usual place of abode of the child and is in need of care or rehabilitation;

      (d) Uses an electronic communication device to transmit or distribute a sexual image of himself or herself to another person or to possess a sexual image in violation of NRS 200.737;

      (e) Transmits or distributes an image of bullying committed against a minor in violation of NRS 200.900;

      (f) Violates a county or municipal ordinance imposing a curfew on a child;

      (g) Violates a county or municipal ordinance restricting loitering by a child; or

      (h) Commits an offense related to tobacco.

      2.  A child who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this section must not be considered a delinquent child.

      3.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Bullying” means a willful act which is written, verbal or physical, or a course of conduct on the part of one or more persons which is not otherwise authorized by law and which exposes a person one time or repeatedly and over time to one or more negative actions which is highly offensive to a reasonable person and:

             (1) Is intended to cause or actually causes the person to suffer harm or serious emotional distress;

            (2) Poses a threat of immediate harm or actually inflicts harm to another person or to the property of another person;

             (3) Places the person in reasonable fear of harm or serious emotional distress; or

             (4) Creates an environment which is hostile to a pupil by interfering with the education of the pupil.

      (b) “Electronic communication device” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.737.

      (c) “Sexual image” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.737.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1028; A 2011, 1062; 2013, 713, 1527, 1635)

      NRS 62B.320  Child in need of supervision. [Effective January 1, 2015.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, the juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction in proceedings concerning any child living or found within the county who is alleged or adjudicated to be in need of supervision because the child:

      (a) Is subject to compulsory school attendance and is a habitual truant from school;

      (b) Habitually disobeys the reasonable and lawful demands of the parent or guardian of the child and is unmanageable;

      (c) Deserts, abandons or runs away from the home or usual place of abode of the child and is in need of care or rehabilitation;

      (d) Uses an electronic communication device to transmit or distribute a sexual image of himself or herself to another person or to possess a sexual image in violation of NRS 200.737;

      (e) Transmits or distributes an image of bullying committed against a minor in violation of NRS 200.900;

      (f) Violates a county or municipal ordinance imposing a curfew on a child;

      (g) Violates a county or municipal ordinance restricting loitering by a child; or

      (h) Commits an offense related to tobacco.

      2.  A child who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this section must not be considered a delinquent child.

      3.  The provisions of subsection 1 do not prohibit the imposition of administrative sanctions pursuant to NRS 392.148 against a child who is subject to compulsory school attendance and is a habitual truant from school.

      4.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Bullying” means a willful act which is written, verbal or physical, or a course of conduct on the part of one or more persons which is not otherwise authorized by law and which exposes a person one time or repeatedly and over time to one or more negative actions which is highly offensive to a reasonable person and:

             (1) Is intended to cause or actually causes the person to suffer harm or serious emotional distress;

             (2) Poses a threat of immediate harm or actually inflicts harm to another person or to the property of another person;

             (3) Places the person in reasonable fear of harm or serious emotional distress; or

             (4) Creates an environment which is hostile to a pupil by interfering with the education of the pupil.

      (b) “Electronic communication device” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.737.

      (c) “Sexual image” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.737.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1028; A 2011, 1062; 2013, 713, 1527, 1635, 2462, effective January 1, 2015)

      NRS 62B.330  Child alleged or adjudicated to have committed delinquent act; acts deemed not to be delinquent. [Effective through September 30, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, the juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction over a child living or found within the county who is alleged or adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act.

      2.  For the purposes of this section, a child commits a delinquent act if the child:

      (a) Violates a county or municipal ordinance other than those specified in paragraph (f) or (g) of subsection 1 of NRS 62B.320 or an offense related to tobacco;

      (b) Violates any rule or regulation having the force of law; or

      (c) Commits an act designated a criminal offense pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada.

      3.  For the purposes of this section, each of the following acts shall be deemed not to be a delinquent act, and the juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a person who is charged with committing such an act:

      (a) Murder or attempted murder and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the murder or attempted murder, regardless of the nature of the related offense.

      (b) Sexual assault or attempted sexual assault involving the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

             (1) The person was 16 years of age or older when the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault was committed; and

             (2) Before the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault was committed, the person previously had been adjudicated delinquent for an act that would have been a felony if committed by an adult.

      (c) An offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

             (1) The person was 16 years of age or older when the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm was committed; and

             (2) Before the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm was committed, the person previously had been adjudicated delinquent for an act that would have been a felony if committed by an adult.

      (d) A felony resulting in death or substantial bodily harm to the victim and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the felony, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

             (1) The felony was committed on the property of a public or private school when pupils or employees of the school were present or may have been present, at an activity sponsored by a public or private school or on a school bus while the bus was engaged in its official duties; and

             (2) The person intended to create a great risk of death or substantial bodily harm to more than one person by means of a weapon, device or course of action that would normally be hazardous to the lives of more than one person.

      (e) A category A or B felony and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the category A or B felony, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if the person was at least 16 years of age but less than 18 years of age when the offense was committed, and:

             (1) The person is not identified by law enforcement as having committed the offense and charged before the person is at least 20 years, 3 months of age, but less than 21 years of age; or

             (2) The person is not identified by law enforcement as having committed the offense until the person reaches 21 years of age.

      (f) Any other offense if, before the offense was committed, the person previously had been convicted of a criminal offense.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1029; A 2009, 50; 2013, 713, 1527)

      NRS 62B.330  Child alleged or adjudicated to have committed delinquent act; acts deemed not to be delinquent. [Effective October 1, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, the juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction over a child living or found within the county who is alleged or adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act.

      2.  For the purposes of this section, a child commits a delinquent act if the child:

      (a) Violates a county or municipal ordinance other than those specified in paragraph (f) or (g) of subsection 1 of NRS 62B.320 or an offense related to tobacco;

      (b) Violates any rule or regulation having the force of law; or

      (c) Commits an act designated a criminal offense pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada.

      3.  For the purposes of this section, each of the following acts shall be deemed not to be a delinquent act, and the juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a person who is charged with committing such an act:

      (a) Murder or attempted murder and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the murder or attempted murder, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if the person was 16 years of age or older when the murder or attempted murder was committed.

      (b) Sexual assault or attempted sexual assault involving the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

             (1) The person was 16 years of age or older when the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault was committed; and

             (2) Before the sexual assault or attempted sexual assault was committed, the person previously had been adjudicated delinquent for an act that would have been a felony if committed by an adult.

      (c) An offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

            (1) The person was 16 years of age or older when the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm was committed; and

             (2) Before the offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm was committed, the person previously had been adjudicated delinquent for an act that would have been a felony if committed by an adult.

      (d) A felony resulting in death or substantial bodily harm to the victim and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the felony, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if:

             (1) The felony was committed on the property of a public or private school when pupils or employees of the school were present or may have been present, at an activity sponsored by a public or private school or on a school bus while the bus was engaged in its official duties; and

             (2) The person intended to create a great risk of death or substantial bodily harm to more than one person by means of a weapon, device or course of action that would normally be hazardous to the lives of more than one person.

      (e) A category A or B felony and any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the category A or B felony, regardless of the nature of the related offense, if the person was at least 16 years of age but less than 18 years of age when the offense was committed, and:

             (1) The person is not identified by law enforcement as having committed the offense and charged before the person is at least 20 years, 3 months of age, but less than 21 years of age; or

             (2) The person is not identified by law enforcement as having committed the offense until the person reaches 21 years of age.

      (f) Any other offense if, before the offense was committed, the person previously had been convicted of a criminal offense.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1029; A 2009, 50; 2013, 713, 1527, 2901, effective October 1, 2014)

      NRS 62B.335  Jurisdiction over adult charged with certain delinquent acts committed as child.

      1.  If:

      (a) A person is charged with the commission of a delinquent act that occurred when the person was at least 16 years of age but less than 18 years of age;

      (b) The delinquent act would have been a category A or B felony if committed by an adult;

      (c) The person is identified by law enforcement as having committed the delinquent act before the person reaches 21 years of age; and

      (d) The person is apprehended by law enforcement after the person reaches 21 years of age,

Ê the juvenile court has jurisdiction over the person to conduct a hearing and make the determinations required by this section in accordance with the provisions of this section.

      2.  The juvenile court shall conduct a hearing to determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the person committed the delinquent act.

      3.  If the juvenile court determines that there is not probable cause to believe that the person committed the delinquent act, the juvenile court shall dismiss the charges and discharge the person.

      4.  If the juvenile court determines that there is probable cause to believe that the person committed the delinquent act, the juvenile court shall determine whether, based upon the interests of justice and the need for protection of the public, to:

      (a) Dismiss the charges; or

      (b) Transfer the case for proper criminal proceedings to any court that would have jurisdiction over the delinquent act if the delinquent act were committed by an adult.

      5.  In determining the interests of justice and the need for protection of the public, the juvenile court shall consider:

      (a) The number, date, nature and gravity of the delinquent acts committed by the person.

      (b) Whether the delinquent acts involved the use of a weapon, violence or infliction of serious bodily injury.

      (c) The impact to any victim of the person.

      (d) The extent to which the person has already received punishment, counseling, therapy or treatment after the commission of the delinquent acts, and the response of the person to any such punishment, counseling, therapy or treatment.

      (e) The behavior of the person since the date on which the person committed the delinquent acts, including, without limitation, the character, maturity, educational progress and work history of the person.

      (f) Any evidence that the person engaged in recent threats against any person or expressed the intent to commit a crime in the future.

      (g) Psychological or psychiatric evidence that indicates a risk of recidivism.

      (h) Any emotional or mental health condition that existed at the time of the commission of the delinquent act.

      (i) Any physical conditions that minimize the risk of recidivism, including, without limitation, physical disability or illness.

      (j) Any other factor the juvenile court finds relevant.

      6.  If the case is transferred for criminal proceedings pursuant to this section, the court shall also transfer any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the delinquent act, regardless of the nature of the related offense.

      7.  The court to which the case is transferred has original jurisdiction over the person.

      8.  A person held in custody pursuant to this section must be held in the state prison, a county or city jail or detention facility for adults and is entitled to bail as established in criminal proceedings.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 49)

      NRS 62B.340  Child who is on probation or who violates condition of parole.  The juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction over any child who is:

      1.  On probation; or

      2.  Released on parole from a state facility for the detention of children and who violates any condition of the child’s parole.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1029)

      NRS 62B.350  Adults; stepparents; rights and remedies of adults subject to jurisdiction.

      1.  The juvenile court has jurisdiction over adults to the extent that such jurisdiction is incidental and necessary to its jurisdiction over children.

      2.  A stepparent of a child is subject to the same court orders as a natural parent or adoptive parent of the child.

      3.  An adult who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court:

      (a) Is subject to the provisions of NRS 62E.040; and

      (b) Has available all the rights, remedies and writs guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution and the laws of this State to a defendant who is charged with having committed a criminal offense in this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1032)

      NRS 62B.360  No jurisdiction over child subject to exclusive jurisdiction of Indian tribe.  The juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a child who is subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of an Indian tribe.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1028)

      NRS 62B.370  When court must transfer case to juvenile court.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, a court shall transfer a case and record to the juvenile court if, during the pendency of a proceeding involving a criminal offense, it is ascertained that the person who is charged with the offense was less than 18 years of age when the person allegedly committed the offense.

      2.  A court shall not transfer a case and record to the juvenile court if the proceeding involves a criminal offense:

      (a) Excluded from the original jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to NRS 62B.330; or

      (b) Transferred to the court pursuant to NRS 62B.335.

      3.  A court making a transfer pursuant to this section shall:

      (a) Order the child to be taken immediately to the place of detention designated by the juvenile court;

      (b) Order the child to be taken immediately to appear before the juvenile court; or

      (c) Release the child to the custody of a suitable person and order the child to be brought before the juvenile court at a time designated by the juvenile court.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030; A 2009, 51)

      NRS 62B.380  Transfer of cases involving minor traffic offenses to other courts.

      1.  If a child is charged with a minor traffic offense, the juvenile court may transfer the case and record to a Justice Court or municipal court if the juvenile court determines that the transfer is in the best interests of the child.

      2.  If a case is transferred pursuant to this section:

      (a) The restrictions set forth in NRS 62C.030 are applicable in those proceedings; and

      (b) A parent or guardian must accompany the child at all proceedings.

      3.  If the juvenile court transfers a case and record to a Justice Court or municipal court pursuant to this section, the Justice Court or municipal court may transfer the case and record back to the juvenile court with the consent of the juvenile court.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030)

      NRS 62B.390  Certification of child for criminal proceedings as adult. [Effective through September 30, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2 and NRS 62B.400, upon a motion by the district attorney and after a full investigation, the juvenile court may certify a child for proper criminal proceedings as an adult to any court that would have jurisdiction to try the offense if committed by an adult, if the child:

      (a) Is charged with an offense that would have been a felony if committed by an adult; and

      (b) Was 14 years of age or older at the time the child allegedly committed the offense.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, upon a motion by the district attorney and after a full investigation, the juvenile court shall certify a child for proper criminal proceedings as an adult to any court that would have jurisdiction to try the offense if committed by an adult, if the child:

      (a) Is charged with:

             (1) A sexual assault involving the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim; or

             (2) An offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm; and

      (b) Was 16 years of age or older at the time the child allegedly committed the offense.

      3.  The juvenile court shall not certify a child for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 2 if the juvenile court specifically finds by clear and convincing evidence that:

      (a) The child is developmentally or mentally incompetent to understand the situation and the proceedings of the court or to aid the child’s attorney in those proceedings; or

      (b) The child has substance abuse or emotional or behavioral problems and the substance abuse or emotional or behavioral problems may be appropriately treated through the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

      4.  If a child is certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 1 or 2, the juvenile court shall also certify the child for criminal proceedings as an adult for any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the offense for which the child was certified, regardless of the nature of the related offense.

      5.  If a child has been certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 1 or 2 and the child’s case has been transferred out of the juvenile court:

      (a) The court to which the case has been transferred has original jurisdiction over the child;

      (b) The child may petition for transfer of the case back to the juvenile court only upon a showing of exceptional circumstances; and

      (c) If the child’s case is transferred back to the juvenile court, the juvenile court shall determine whether the exceptional circumstances warrant accepting jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030; A 2003, 1511; 2009, 238)

      NRS 62B.390  Certification of child for criminal proceedings as adult. [Effective October 1, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2 and NRS 62B.400, upon a motion by the district attorney and after a full investigation, the juvenile court may certify a child for proper criminal proceedings as an adult to any court that would have jurisdiction to try the offense if committed by an adult, if the child:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), is charged with an offense that would have been a felony if committed by an adult and was 14 years of age or older at the time the child allegedly committed the offense; or

      (b) Is charged with murder or attempted murder and was 13 years of age or older when the murder or attempted murder was committed.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, upon a motion by the district attorney and after a full investigation, the juvenile court shall certify a child for proper criminal proceedings as an adult to any court that would have jurisdiction to try the offense if committed by an adult, if the child:

      (a) Is charged with:

             (1) A sexual assault involving the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim; or

             (2) An offense or attempted offense involving the use or threatened use of a firearm; and

      (b) Was 16 years of age or older at the time the child allegedly committed the offense.

      3.  The juvenile court shall not certify a child for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 2 if the juvenile court specifically finds by clear and convincing evidence that:

      (a) The child is developmentally or mentally incompetent to understand the situation and the proceedings of the court or to aid the child’s attorney in those proceedings; or

      (b) The child has substance abuse or emotional or behavioral problems and the substance abuse or emotional or behavioral problems may be appropriately treated through the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

      4.  If a child is certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 1 or 2, the juvenile court shall also certify the child for criminal proceedings as an adult for any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the offense for which the child was certified, regardless of the nature of the related offense.

      5.  If a child has been certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 1 or 2 and the child’s case has been transferred out of the juvenile court:

      (a) The court to which the case has been transferred has original jurisdiction over the child;

      (b) The child may petition for transfer of the case back to the juvenile court only upon a showing of exceptional circumstances; and

      (c) If the child’s case is transferred back to the juvenile court, the juvenile court shall determine whether the exceptional circumstances warrant accepting jurisdiction.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030; A 2003, 1511; 2009, 238; 2013, 2902, effective October 1, 2014)

      NRS 62B.400  Child who escapes or attempts escape from facility for detention of juveniles deemed escaped prisoner; when court may certify such child for criminal proceedings; when deemed delinquent act.

      1.  A child shall be deemed to be a prisoner who has escaped or attempted to escape from lawful custody in violation of NRS 212.090, and proceedings may be brought against the child pursuant to the provisions of this section, if the child:

      (a) Is committed to or otherwise is placed in a public or private facility for the detention or correctional care of children, including, but not limited to, all state, regional and local facilities for the detention of children; and

      (b) Escapes or attempts to escape from such a facility.

      2.  Upon a motion by the district attorney and after a full investigation, the juvenile court may certify the child for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 1 of NRS 62B.390 if the child was 14 years of age or older at the time of the escape or attempted escape and:

      (a) The child was committed to or placed in the facility from which the child escaped or attempted to escape because the child had been charged with or had been adjudicated delinquent for an unlawful act that would have been a felony if committed by an adult; or

      (b) The child or another person aiding the child used a dangerous weapon to facilitate the escape or attempted escape.

      3.  If the child is certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 2, the juvenile court shall also certify the child for criminal proceedings as an adult for any other related offense arising out of the same facts as the escape or attempted escape, regardless of the nature of the related offense.

      4.  If the child is not certified for criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to subsection 2 or otherwise is not subject to the provisions of subsection 2, the escape or attempted escape shall be deemed to be a delinquent act, and proceedings may be brought against the child pursuant to the provisions of this title.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1031)

      NRS 62B.410  Termination and retention of jurisdiction.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 62F.110 and 62F.220, if a child is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, the juvenile court:

      1.  May terminate its jurisdiction concerning the child at any time, either on its own volition or for good cause shown; or

      2.  May retain jurisdiction over the child until the child reaches 21 years of age.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1030)

      NRS 62B.420  Jurisdiction to enter civil judgments under certain circumstances; enforcement and collection of such judgments.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if, pursuant to this title, a child or a parent or guardian of a child is ordered by the juvenile court to pay a fine, administrative assessment, fee or restitution or to make any other payment and the fine, administrative assessment, fee, restitution or other payment or any part of it remains unpaid after the time established by the juvenile court for its payment, the juvenile court may enter a civil judgment against the child or the parent or guardian of the child for the amount due in favor of the victim, the state or local entity to whom the amount is owed or both. The juvenile court may not enter a civil judgment against a person who is a child unless the person has attained the age of 18 years, the person is a child who is determined to be outside the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to NRS 62B.330 or 62B.335 or the person is a child who is certified for proper criminal proceedings as an adult pursuant to NRS 62B.390.

      2.  Notwithstanding the termination of the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to NRS 62B.410 or the termination of any period of supervision or probation ordered by the juvenile court, the juvenile court retains jurisdiction over any civil judgment entered pursuant to subsection 1 and retains jurisdiction over the person against whom a civil judgment is entered pursuant to subsection 1. The juvenile court may supervise the civil judgment and take any of the actions authorized by the laws of this State.

      3.  A civil judgment entered pursuant to subsection 1 may be enforced and renewed in the manner provided by law for the enforcement and renewal of a judgment for money rendered in a civil action.

      4.  If the juvenile court enters a civil judgment pursuant to subsection 1, the person or persons against whom the judgment is issued is liable for a collection fee, to be imposed by the juvenile court at the time the civil judgment is issued, of:

      (a) Not more than $100, if the amount of the judgment is less than $2,000.

      (b) Not more than $500, if the amount of the judgment is $2,000 or greater, but is less than $5,000.

      (c) Ten percent of the amount of the judgment, if the amount of the judgment is $5,000 or greater.

      5.  In addition to attempting to collect the judgment through any other lawful means, a victim, a representative of the victim or a state or local entity that is responsible for collecting a civil judgment entered pursuant to subsection 1 may take any or all of the following actions:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, report the judgment to reporting agencies that assemble or evaluate information concerning credit. If the judgment was entered against a person who was less than 21 years of age at the time the judgment was entered, the judgment cannot be reported pursuant to this paragraph until the person reaches 21 years of age.

      (b) Request that the juvenile court take appropriate action pursuant to subsection 6.

      (c) Contract with a collection agency licensed pursuant to NRS 649.075 to collect the judgment and the collection fee. The collection agency must be paid as compensation for its services an amount not greater than the amount of the collection fee imposed pursuant to subsection 4, in accordance with the provisions of the contract.

      6.  If the juvenile court determines that a child or the parent or guardian of a child against whom a civil judgment has been entered pursuant to subsection 1 has failed to make reasonable efforts to satisfy the civil judgment, the juvenile court may take any of the following actions:

      (a) Order the suspension of the driver’s license of a child for a period not to exceed 1 year. If the child is already the subject of a court order suspending the driver’s license of the child, the juvenile court may order the additional suspension to apply consecutively with the previous order. At the time the juvenile court issues an order suspending the driver’s license of a child pursuant to this paragraph, the juvenile court shall require the child to surrender to the juvenile court all driver’s licenses then held by the child. The juvenile court shall, within 5 days after issuing the order, forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles the licenses, together with a copy of the order. The Department of Motor Vehicles shall report a suspension pursuant to this paragraph to an insurance company or its agent inquiring about the driving record of a child, but such a suspension must not be considered for the purpose of rating or underwriting.

      (b) If a child does not possess a driver’s license, prohibit the child from applying for a driver’s license for a period not to exceed 1 year. If the child is already the subject of a court order delaying the issuance of a license to drive, the juvenile court may order any additional delay in the ability of the child to apply for a driver’s license to apply consecutively with the previous order. At the time the juvenile court issues an order pursuant to this paragraph delaying the ability of a child to apply for a driver’s license, the juvenile court shall, within 5 days after issuing the order, forward to the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of the order.

      (c) If the civil judgment was issued for a delinquent fine or administrative assessment, order the confinement of the person in the appropriate prison, jail or detention facility, as provided in NRS 176.065 and 176.075.

      (d) Enter a finding of contempt against a child or the parent or guardian of a child and punish the child or the parent or guardian for contempt in the manner provided in NRS 62E.040. A person who is indigent may not be punished for contempt pursuant to this subsection.

      7.  Money collected from a collection fee imposed pursuant to subsection 4 must be deposited and used in the manner set forth in subsection 4 of NRS 176.064.

      8.  If the juvenile court enters a civil judgment pursuant to subsection 1 and the person against whom the judgment is entered is convicted of a crime before he or she satisfies the civil judgment, the court sentencing the person for that crime shall include in the sentence the civil judgment or such portion of the civil judgment that remains unpaid.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 532)