[Rev. 11/21/2013 11:47:40 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 450B - EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 450B.015        Legislative declaration.

NRS 450B.020        Definitions.

NRS 450B.025        “Advanced emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.025        “Advanced emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.030        “Air ambulance” defined.

NRS 450B.040        “Ambulance” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.040        “Ambulance” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.050        “Attendant” defined.

NRS 450B.0505      “Automated external defibrillator” and “defibrillator” defined.

NRS 450B.060        “Board” defined.

NRS 450B.0605      “Certificate” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.061        “Committee” defined.

NRS 450B.062        “Designated officer” defined.

NRS 450B.0625      “Division” defined.

NRS 450B.063        “Emergency medical dispatcher” defined.

NRS 450B.065        “Emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.065        “Emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.070        “Emergency medical technician certificate” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.0703      “Emergency response employee” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.0703      “Emergency response employee” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.0707      “Exposed” and “exposure” defined.

NRS 450B.071        “Firefighter” defined.

NRS 450B.072        “Fire-fighting agency” defined.

NRS 450B.077        “Health authority” defined.

NRS 450B.080        “Health Division” defined. [Repealed.]

NRS 450B.082        “Health officer” defined.

NRS 450B.083        “Infectious disease” defined.

NRS 450B.085        “Intermediate emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.090        “License” defined.

NRS 450B.095        “Paramedic” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.100        “Permit” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.100        “Permit” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.105        “Trauma” defined.

NRS 450B.110        “Volunteer attendant” defined.

NRS 450B.120        Regulations, standards and procedures of board.

NRS 450B.130        Establishment of minimum standards and additional requirements. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.130        Establishment of minimum standards and additional requirements. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.140        Sources for standards and regulations; standards may differ for different categories.

NRS 450B.150        Administration and enforcement; inspections.

NRS 450B.1505      Certain money received by Division to be used for training program for certain emergency medical services personnel.

COMMITTEE ON EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

NRS 450B.151        Creation; membership; terms of members; alternate members; vacancies.

NRS 450B.152        Chair; meetings; rules for management; compensation of members.

NRS 450B.153        Duties.

NRS 450B.154        Administrative support.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL DISPATCHERS

NRS 450B.155        Training and certification.

AMBULANCE ATTENDANTS, EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS AND FIREFIGHTERS

NRS 450B.160        Licensing of attendants and firefighters; regulations; certification of physicians, nurses and physician assistants serving as attendants. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.160        Licensing of attendants and firefighters; regulations; certification of physicians, nurses and physician assistants serving as attendants. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.165        Attendant, firefighter and emergency medical technician to attest to knowledge of and compliance with certain guidelines concerning safe and appropriate injection practices. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.165        Attendant, firefighter and emergency medical technician to attest to knowledge of and compliance with certain guidelines concerning safe and appropriate injection practices. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.171        Relative of patient or other person may ride with attendants.

NRS 450B.180        Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

NRS 450B.180        Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, and through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.180        Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

NRS 450B.180        Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or on January 1, 2014, whichever is later.]

NRS 450B.183        Payment of child support: Statement by applicant for license or certificate; grounds for denial of license or certificate; duty of health authority. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

NRS 450B.183        Payment of child support: Statement by applicant for license or certificate; grounds for denial of license or certificate; duty of health authority. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

NRS 450B.185        Suspension of license or certificate for failure to pay child support or comply with certain subpoenas or warrants; reinstatement of license or certificate. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

NRS 450B.185        Suspension of license or certificate for failure to pay child support or comply with certain subpoenas or warrants; reinstatement of license or certificate. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

NRS 450B.187        Application for license or certificate to include social security number. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

NRS 450B.187        Application for license or certificate to include social security number. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

NRS 450B.190        Provisional licensing of attendants.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS

NRS 450B.1905      Requirements for training and certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.1905      Program of training for certification; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

ADVANCED EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS AND PARAMEDICS; ENDORSEMENT TO ADMINISTER IMMUNIZATIONS AND DISPENSE MEDICATION

NRS 450B.191        Program of training in intermediate emergency care; maintenance of certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.191        Program of training for certification as advanced emergency medical technician; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.1915      Authorized activities of intermediate emergency medical technician. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.1915      Authorized activities of advanced emergency medical technician. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.195        Program of training in advanced emergency care; maintenance of certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.195        Program of training for certification as paramedic; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.197        Authorized activities of advanced emergency medical technician. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.197        Authorized activities of paramedic. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.1975      Endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and respond to public health needs. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.1975      Endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and respond to public health needs. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

PERMIT AUTHORIZING FIRE-FIGHTING AGENCY TO PROVIDE CERTAIN LEVEL OF MEDICAL CARE

NRS 450B.1985      Exclusive method of issuance; authority of district board of health in certain larger counties to issue; situations in which intermediate or advanced medical care may be provided. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.1985      Exclusive method of issuance; authority of district board of health in certain larger counties to issue; situations in which certain medical care may be provided. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

AMBULANCES, AIR AMBULANCES AND VEHICLES OF FIRE-FIGHTING AGENCIES

NRS 450B.200        Permit for operation; fees; renewal; disciplinary or legal action for violations; maintenance of central registry of permits issued; regulations.

NRS 450B.210        Provisional permit.

NRS 450B.220        Periodic inspections.

NRS 450B.230        Owner not to allow operation without required equipment; exception.

NRS 450B.235        Filing and maintenance of schedule of rates of ambulance.

TREATMENT OF TRAUMA

NRS 450B.236        Approval required for operation of center for treatment of trauma.

NRS 450B.237        Establishment of program for treatment of trauma; regulations; proposal to designate hospital as trauma center; approval by Administrator of Division; standards; compliance.

NRS 450B.238        Regulations requiring hospital to record and maintain information.

NRS 450B.239        Division to cooperate with American College of Surgeons.

PROHIBITED ACTS

NRS 450B.240        Engaging in operation of services relating to ambulances or air ambulances without permit prohibited; provision of certain medical care by fire-fighting agency without permit prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.240        Engaging in operation of services relating to ambulances or air ambulances without permit prohibited; provision of certain medical care by fire-fighting agency without permit prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.250        Service as attendant for ambulance without license prohibited; provision of certain medical care by firefighter without license prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.250        Service as attendant for ambulance or air ambulance without license prohibited; provision of certain medical care by firefighter without license prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.255        Representation as emergency medical technician without certificate prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.255        Representation as emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic without certificate prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.260        Operation of ambulance, air ambulance or fire-fighting vehicle used to provide medical care without licensed driver and attendant prohibited; exceptions. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.260        Operation of ambulance, air ambulance or fire-fighting vehicle used to provide certain medical care without licensed driver and attendant prohibited; exceptions. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.265        Offering advanced emergency care without permit prohibited; exception. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.265        Offering level of emergency care provided by paramedic without permit prohibited; exception. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

SAFETY OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE EMPLOYEES CONCERNING EXPOSURE TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES

NRS 450B.340        Designation of officer to receive notifications and responses and make requests on behalf of emergency response employees.

NRS 450B.350        Duty of medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner to notify designated officer if victim transported has infectious disease; time and contents for notification.

NRS 450B.360        Determination of possible exposure of emergency response employee to infectious disease; request for response from medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner.

NRS 450B.370        Response of medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner.

NRS 450B.375        Procedure upon notification that insufficient information exists to determine whether emergency response employee was exposed to infectious disease; request for further evaluation; duties of health officer.

NRS 450B.380        Notice to emergency response employee of possible exposure to infectious disease.

NRS 450B.390        Limitations on effect of NRS 450B.340 to 450B.390, inclusive.

WITHHOLDING LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT

NRS 450B.400        Definitions.

NRS 450B.405        “Attending physician” defined.

NRS 450B.410        “Do-not-resuscitate identification” defined.

NRS 450B.420        “Do-not-resuscitate order” defined.

NRS 450B.430        “Do-not-resuscitate protocol” defined.

NRS 450B.440        “Health care facility” defined.

NRS 450B.450        “Life-resuscitating treatment” defined.

NRS 450B.460        “Person who administers emergency medical services” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.460        “Person who administers emergency medical services” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.470        “Qualified patient” defined.

NRS 450B.475        “Terminal condition” defined.

NRS 450B.480        Applicability.

NRS 450B.490        Adoption of regulations; fee for do-not-resuscitate identification.

NRS 450B.500        Do-not-resuscitate identification: Contents.

NRS 450B.505        Do-not-resuscitate identification: Manufacture and issuance of bracelet or medallion.

NRS 450B.510        Written do-not-resuscitate orders: Issued only to qualified patients; physician authorized to apply for identification.

NRS 450B.520        Application for do-not-resuscitate identification: Form; requirements.

NRS 450B.525        Application for do-not-resuscitate identification on behalf of minor: Requirements; form; revocation by parent or legal guardian of authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment; effect when minor is of sufficient maturity.

NRS 450B.530        Revocation of authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment.

NRS 450B.540        Person not guilty of unprofessional conduct or subject to liability for withholding or providing life-resuscitating treatment under certain circumstances.

NRS 450B.550        Person who administers emergency medical services required to comply with do-not-resuscitate protocol; exception.

NRS 450B.560        Assumption that do-not-resuscitate identification is valid.

NRS 450B.570        Resulting death not suicide or homicide; life insurance or annuity not affected by possession of do-not-resuscitate identification or issuance of do-not-resuscitate order; prohibition or requirement of possession of do-not-resuscitate identification or issuance of do-not-resuscitate order not allowed in connection with health care.

NRS 450B.580        Unlawful acts; penalty.

NRS 450B.590        Limitations on effect of provisions.

AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS

NRS 450B.595        “Automated external defibrillator” and “defibrillator” defined. [Repealed.]

NRS 450B.600        Required to be placed in certain public buildings and locations; inspection and maintenance; training on operation and use.

NRS 450B.610        Maintenance of database by Division; disclosure of information in database; duties of manufacturer; registration of defibrillator; civil penalty for violation.

NRS 450B.620        Placement and maintenance by school districts, health clubs and medical facilities; training of employees.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES AT SPECIAL EVENTS

NRS 450B.650        Definitions.

NRS 450B.655        “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.655        “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.660        “First-aid station” defined.

NRS 450B.665        “Host organization” defined.

NRS 450B.670        “Roving emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.670        “Roving emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.675        “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.675        “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.680        “Significant number” defined.

NRS 450B.685        “Special event” defined.

NRS 450B.690        Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain emergency medical services. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

NRS 450B.690        Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain emergency medical services. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

NRS 450B.695        Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain number of dedicated advanced life support ambulances.

NRS 450B.700        Host organization of special event at which 50,000 or more persons are projected to be in attendance required to provide certain emergency medical services.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

NRS 450B.790        Hospital required to ensure that certain persons in need of emergency services are transferred to appropriate places in hospital within 30 minutes after arrival; civil and criminal liability.

NRS 450B.795        State Board of Health to collect data concerning waiting times for provision of emergency services to certain persons; hospitals and providers of emergency services in certain counties required to participate in collection of data; development of system of collecting data; advisory committees; quarterly report to Legislative Committee on Health Care; expenses; regulations; written request for repeal of section.

NRS 450B.800        Fingerprints of applicant.

NRS 450B.810        Maintenance, inspection and compilation of information.

NRS 450B.820        Local requirements for franchise or permit are not superseded.

NRS 450B.830        Exemptions from chapter.

NRS 450B.840        Operation of ambulance or fire-fighting agency by county or city subject to provisions of chapter.

NRS 450B.850        Programs for training.

NRS 450B.860        Volunteer ambulance drivers and attendants: Discharge from employment; civil action; disclosure to employer.

NRS 450B.870        Medical review committee entitled to autopsy records concerning death under review; sharing of information concerning subject of review; autopsy records are privileged.

PENALTIES

NRS 450B.900        Penalties for violation.

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GENERAL PROVISIONS

      NRS 450B.015  Legislative declaration.  The Legislature hereby declares that prompt and efficient emergency medical care and transportation is necessary for the health and safety of the people of Nevada, and that minimum standards for such care and all persons providing it must be established.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 1599; A 1993, 2828)

      NRS 450B.020  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 450B.025 to 450B.110, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1693; 1987, 1043, 2207; 1993, 2118, 2828; 1995, 725; 1999, 1172; 2009, 913; 2013, 937, 1872, 3061)

      NRS 450B.025  “Advanced emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Advanced emergency medical technician” means a person:

      1.  Trained in advanced emergency medical care in a training program approved by the board; and

      2.  Certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed the training program.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 2206; A 1993, 2828)

      NRS 450B.025  “Advanced emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Advanced emergency medical technician” means a person certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed a program of training for certification as an advanced emergency medical technician pursuant to NRS 450B.191.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 2206; A 1993, 2828; 2013, 937, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.030  “Air ambulance” defined.  “Air ambulance” means an aircraft especially designed, constructed, modified or equipped to be used for the transportation of injured or sick persons. “Air ambulance” does not include any commercial aircraft carrying passengers on regularly scheduled flights.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141)

      NRS 450B.040  “Ambulance” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Ambulance” means a motor vehicle which is specially designed, constructed, equipped and staffed to provide basic, intermediate or advanced care for one or more:

      1.  Sick or injured persons; or

      2.  Persons whose medical condition may require special observation during transportation or transfer,

Ê including, without limitation, such a vehicle of a fire-fighting agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1726, 2117; 2001, 998)

      NRS 450B.040  “Ambulance” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Ambulance” means a motor vehicle which is specially designed, constructed, equipped and staffed to provide emergency medical care for one or more:

      1.  Sick or injured persons; or

      2.  Persons whose medical condition may require special observation during transportation or transfer,

Ê including, without limitation, such a vehicle of a fire-fighting agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1726, 2117; 2001, 998; 2013, 937, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.050  “Attendant” defined.  “Attendant” means a person responsible for the care of a sick or injured person in an ambulance or air ambulance, and includes the driver of an ambulance but not the pilot of an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141)

      NRS 450B.0505  “Automated external defibrillator” and “defibrillator” defined.  “Automated external defibrillator” or “defibrillator” means a medical device that:

      1.  Has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration;

      2.  Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation and rapid ventricular tachycardia in a patient;

      3.  Is capable of determining, without intervention by the operator of the device, whether defibrillation should be performed on a patient;

      4.  Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed on a patient, automatically charges and requests delivery of an electrical impulse to the patient’s heart; and

      5.  Upon appropriate action by the operator of the device, delivers an appropriate electrical impulse to the patient’s heart.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1869)

      NRS 450B.060  “Board” defined.  “Board” means:

      1.  In a county whose population is less than 700,000, the State Board of Health.

      2.  In a county whose population is 700,000 or more, the district board of health.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1993, 2828; 1995, 2547; 2005, 2471; 2011, 1269)

      NRS 450B.0605  “Certificate” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Certificate” means a certificate issued by a health authority acknowledging the successful completion of a program of training as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic as identified on the certificate.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 937, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.061  “Committee” defined.  “Committee” means the Committee on Emergency Medical Services.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1170)

      NRS 450B.062  “Designated officer” defined.  “Designated officer” means a person designated by an employer to serve as a designated officer for its emergency response employees pursuant to NRS 450B.340.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 910)

      NRS 450B.0625  “Division” defined.  “Division” means the Division of Public and Behavioral Health of the Department of Health and Human Services.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 3061)

      NRS 450B.063  “Emergency medical dispatcher” defined.  “Emergency medical dispatcher” means a person who:

      1.  Has completed a training program in emergency medical dispatching which has been approved by the board; and

      2.  Has been certified as having satisfactorily completed such a training program by an entity approved by the board to provide such training.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2117)

      NRS 450B.065  “Emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Emergency medical technician” means a person:

      1.  Trained in basic emergency medical care in a training program approved by the board; and

      2.  Certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed the training program.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 2206; A 1993, 2828)

      NRS 450B.065  “Emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Emergency medical technician” means a person certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed a program of training for certification as an emergency medical technician pursuant to NRS 450B.1905.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 2206; A 1993, 2828; 2013, 938, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.070  “Emergency medical technician certificate” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Emergency medical technician certificate” means the certificate issued by the health authority acknowledging successful completion of an approved course for an emergency medical technician at the level identified on the certificate.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1987, 2207; 1993, 2828; R 2013, 969, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.0703  “Emergency response employee” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Emergency response employee” means a firefighter, attendant, volunteer attendant, emergency medical technician, intermediate emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, law enforcement officer, correctional officer, other peace officer or person who is employed by an agency of criminal justice, county coroner or medical examiner or any of their employees, any other public employee whose duties may require him or her to come into contact with human blood or bodily fluids or any other person who, in the course of his or her professional duties, responds to emergencies in this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.0703  “Emergency response employee” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Emergency response employee” means a firefighter, attendant, volunteer attendant, emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, paramedic, law enforcement officer, correctional officer, other peace officer or person who is employed by an agency of criminal justice, county coroner or medical examiner or any of their employees, any other public employee whose duties may require him or her to come into contact with human blood or bodily fluids or any other person who, in the course of his or her professional duties, responds to emergencies in this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911; A 2013, 938, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.0707  “Exposed” and “exposure” defined.  “Exposed” or “exposure” means any circumstances which create a significant risk of a person becoming infected with an infectious disease.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.071  “Firefighter” defined.  “Firefighter” means a person who holds a license and is employed by or serving as a volunteer with a fire-fighting agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1985, 1692; A 2005, 330)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 450B.073)

      NRS 450B.072  “Fire-fighting agency” defined.  “Fire-fighting agency” means a fire department or fire protection district of the State or a political subdivision which holds a permit issued pursuant to this chapter. The term does not include a person or governmental entity, other than a governmental entity to whom a permit is issued in accordance with the provisions of NRS 450B.1985, which provides transportation of sick or injured persons to a medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 1985, 1692; A 1987, 718; 2001, 998)

      NRS 450B.077  “Health authority” defined.  “Health authority” means:

      1.  In a county whose population is less than 700,000, the Division.

      2.  In a county whose population is 700,000 or more, the district board of health.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2827; A 1995, 2547; 2005, 2471; 2011, 1269)

      NRS 450B.080  “Health Division” defined.  Repealed. (See chapter 489, Statutes of Nevada 2013, at page 3071.)

 

      NRS 450B.082  “Health officer” defined.  “Health officer” means:

      1.  In a county whose population is less than 700,000, the Chief Medical Officer.

      2.  In a county whose population is 700,000 or more, the district health officer.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2827; A 1995, 2547; 2005, 2471; 2011, 1269)

      NRS 450B.083  “Infectious disease” defined.  “Infectious disease” means a disease caused by a living organism or other pathogen, including, without limitation, a fungus, bacillus, parasite, protozoan or virus.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.085  “Intermediate emergency medical technician” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Intermediate emergency medical technician” means a person:

      1.  Trained in intermediate emergency medical care in a training program approved by the board; and

      2.  Individually certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed the training program.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 277; A 1993, 2828)

      NRS 450B.090  “License” defined.  “License” means the license issued by the health authority under the provisions of this chapter to an attendant of an ambulance or an air ambulance or to a firefighter employed by or serving as a volunteer with a fire-fighting agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1693; 1993, 2828; 2005, 330)

      NRS 450B.095  “Paramedic” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Paramedic” means a person certified by the health officer as having satisfactorily completed a program of training for certification as a paramedic pursuant to NRS 450B.195.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 277; A 1993, 2828; 2013, 938, effective January 1, 2014)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 450B.085)

      NRS 450B.100  “Permit” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Permit” means the permit issued by the health authority under the provisions of this chapter to:

      1.  A person, agency of the State or political subdivision to own or operate an ambulance or air ambulance in the State of Nevada; or

      2.  A fire-fighting agency to provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons:

      (a) At the scene of an emergency; or

      (b) At the scene of an emergency and while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1693; 1993, 2829; 2001, 998)

      NRS 450B.100  “Permit” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Permit” means the permit issued by the health authority under the provisions of this chapter to:

      1.  A person, agency of the State or political subdivision to own or operate an ambulance or air ambulance in the State of Nevada; or

      2.  A fire-fighting agency to provide medical care by emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians or paramedics to sick or injured persons:

      (a) At the scene of an emergency; or

      (b) At the scene of an emergency and while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141; A 1985, 1693; 1993, 2829; 2001, 998; 2013, 938, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.105  “Trauma” defined.  “Trauma” means any acute injury which, according to standardized criteria for triage in the field, involves a significant risk of death or the precipitation of complications or disabilities.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1042)

      NRS 450B.110  “Volunteer attendant” defined.  “Volunteer attendant” means a person who does not receive the majority of his or her annual employment income from employment as an attendant, and who is not employed by a commercial ambulance firm or corporation.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141)

      NRS 450B.120  Regulations, standards and procedures of board.  The board shall establish and promulgate such rules, regulations, standards and procedures as it determines are necessary to administer the provisions of this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1141)

      NRS 450B.130  Establishment of minimum standards and additional requirements. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  The board shall adopt regulations establishing reasonable minimum standards for:

      (a) Sanitation in ambulances and air ambulances;

      (b) Medical and nonmedical equipment and supplies to be carried in ambulances and medical equipment and supplies to be carried in air ambulances and vehicles of a fire-fighting agency;

      (c) Interior configuration, design and dimensions of ambulances placed in service after July 1, 1979;

      (d) Permits for operation of ambulances, air ambulances and vehicles of a fire-fighting agency;

      (e) Records to be maintained by an operator of an ambulance or air ambulance or by a fire-fighting agency; and

      (f) Treatment of patients who are critically ill or in urgent need of treatment.

      2.  Any regulations adopted by the board pursuant to subsection 1 establishing reasonable minimum standards for a permit for the operation of an air ambulance or records to be maintained by an operator of an air ambulance must:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), be based on the medical aspects of the operation of an air ambulance, including, without limitation, aspects related to patient care; and

      (b) Not be based on economic factors, including, without limitation, factors related to the prices, routes or nonmedical services of an air ambulance.

      3.  The health officers of this state shall jointly adopt regulations to establish the minimum standards for the certification of emergency medical technicians. Upon adoption of the regulations, each health authority shall adopt the regulations for its jurisdiction. After each health authority adopts the regulations, the standards established constitute the minimum standards for certification of emergency medical technicians in this state. Any changes to the minimum standards must be adopted jointly by the health officers and by each health authority in the manner set forth in this subsection. Any changes in the minimum standards which are not adopted in the manner set forth in this subsection are void.

      4.  A health officer may adopt regulations that impose additional requirements for the certification of emergency medical technicians in the jurisdiction of the health officer, but the health officer must accept the certification of an emergency medical technician from the jurisdiction of another health officer as proof that the emergency medical technician has met the minimum requirements for certification.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1979, 69; 1981, 1553; 1985, 1693; 1993, 2829; 2013, 617)

      NRS 450B.130  Establishment of minimum standards and additional requirements. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  The board shall adopt regulations establishing reasonable minimum standards for:

      (a) Sanitation in ambulances and air ambulances;

      (b) Medical and nonmedical equipment and supplies to be carried in ambulances and medical equipment and supplies to be carried in air ambulances and vehicles of a fire-fighting agency;

      (c) Interior configuration, design and dimensions of ambulances placed in service after July 1, 1979;

      (d) Permits for operation of ambulances, air ambulances and vehicles of a fire-fighting agency;

      (e) Records to be maintained by an operator of an ambulance or air ambulance or by a fire-fighting agency; and

      (f) Treatment of patients who are critically ill or in urgent need of treatment.

      2.  Any regulations adopted by the board pursuant to subsection 1 establishing reasonable minimum standards for a permit for the operation of an air ambulance or records to be maintained by an operator of an air ambulance must:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), be based on the medical aspects of the operation of an air ambulance, including, without limitation, aspects related to patient care; and

      (b) Not be based on economic factors, including, without limitation, factors related to the prices, routes or nonmedical services of an air ambulance.

      3.  The health officers of this state shall jointly adopt regulations to establish the minimum standards for the certification or licensure of persons who provide emergency medical care. Upon adoption of the regulations, each health authority shall adopt the regulations for its jurisdiction. After each health authority adopts the regulations, the standards established constitute the minimum standards for certification or licensure of persons who provide emergency medical care in this state. Any changes to the minimum standards must be adopted jointly by the health officers and by each health authority in the manner set forth in this subsection. Any changes in the minimum standards which are not adopted in the manner set forth in this subsection are void.

      4.  A health officer may adopt regulations that impose additional requirements for the certification or licensure of persons who provide emergency medical care in the jurisdiction of the health officer, but the health officer must accept the certification or licensure of a person who provides emergency medical care from the jurisdiction of another health officer as proof that the person who provides emergency medical care has met the minimum requirements for certification or licensure.

      5.  As used in this section, “person who provides emergency medical care” means an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, paramedic, attendant of an ambulance or air ambulance or firefighter employed by or serving with a fire-fighting agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1979, 69; 1981, 1553; 1985, 1693; 1993, 2829; 2013, 617, 938, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.140  Sources for standards and regulations; standards may differ for different categories.

      1.  In adopting regulations under NRS 450B.120 and 450B.130, the board may use standards and regulations proposed by:

      (a) The Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons;

      (b) The United States Department of Transportation;

      (c) The United States Public Health Service;

      (d) The Bureau of Health Insurance of the Social Security Administration;

      (e) The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons;

      (f) The National Academy of Sciences—National Research Council;

      (g) The American Heart Association; and

      (h) Regional, state and local emergency medical services committees and councils.

      2.  The board may establish different standards for commercial, volunteer, industrial and other categories of ambulances and fire-fighting agencies to reflect different circumstances and in the public interest.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1985, 1693; 1993, 2829)

      NRS 450B.150  Administration and enforcement; inspections.

      1.  The health authority shall administer and enforce the provisions of this chapter.

      2.  The health authority and its authorized agents shall enter upon and inspect, in a reasonable manner and during reasonable business hours, the premises and vehicles of persons and governmental entities providing services regulated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

      3.  If, pursuant to subsection 2, the health authority or its authorized agents conduct an inspection of the premises or aircraft of persons or governmental entities providing air ambulance services, the inspection must be related only to the medical aspects of the operation of the air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1985, 1694; 1987, 2207; 1989, 1505, 1928; 1993, 2830; 2013, 618)

      NRS 450B.1505  Certain money received by Division to be used for training program for certain emergency medical services personnel.

      1.  Any money the Division receives from a fee set by the State Board of Health pursuant to NRS 439.150 for the issuance or renewal of a license pursuant to NRS 450B.160, an administrative penalty imposed pursuant to NRS 450B.900 or an appropriation made by the Legislature for the purposes of training related to emergency medical services:

      (a) Must be deposited in the State Treasury and accounted for separately in the State General Fund;

      (b) May be used only to carry out a training program for emergency medical services personnel who work for a volunteer ambulance service or firefighting agency, including, without limitation, equipment for use in the training; and

      (c) Does not revert to the State General Fund at the end of any fiscal year.

      2.  Any interest or income earned on the money in the account must be credited to the account. Any claims against the account must be paid in the manner that other claims against the State are paid.

      3.  The Administrator of the Division shall administer the account.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 2513; A 2013, 3061)

COMMITTEE ON EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

      NRS 450B.151  Creation; membership; terms of members; alternate members; vacancies.

      1.  The Committee on Emergency Medical Services, consisting of nine members appointed by the State Board of Health, is hereby created.

      2.  Upon request of the State Board of Health, employee associations that represent persons that provide emergency medical services, including, without limitation, physicians and nurses that provide emergency medical services, emergency medical technicians, ambulance attendants, firefighters, fire chiefs and employees of rural hospitals, shall submit to the State Board of Health written nominations for appointments to the Committee.

      3.  After considering the nominations submitted pursuant to subsection 2, the State Board of Health shall appoint to the Committee:

      (a) One member who is a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 630 or 633 of NRS and who has experience providing emergency medical services;

      (b) One member who is a registered nurse and who has experience providing emergency medical services;

      (c) One member who is a volunteer firefighter;

      (d) One member who is employed by a fire-fighting agency at which some of the firefighters are employed and some serve as volunteers;

      (e) One member who is employed by an urban fire-fighting agency;

      (f) One member who is employed by or serves as a volunteer with a medical facility that is located in a rural area and that provides emergency medical services;

      (g) One member who is employed by an organization that provides emergency medical services in an air ambulance and whose duties are closely related to such emergency medical services;

      (h) One member who is employed by a privately owned entity that provides emergency medical services; and

      (i) One member who is employed by an operator of a service which is:

             (1) Provided for the benefit of the employees of an industry who become sick or are injured at the industrial site; and

             (2) Staffed by employees who are licensed attendants and perform emergency medical services primarily for the industry.

      4.  In addition to the members set forth in subsection 3, the following persons are ex officio members of the Committee:

      (a) An employee of the Division, appointed by the Administrator of the Division, whose duties relate to administration and enforcement of the provisions of this chapter;

      (b) The county health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.290 in each county whose population is 100,000 or more, or the county health officer’s designee;

      (c) A physician who is a member of a committee which consists of directors of trauma centers in this State and who is nominated by that committee; and

      (d) A representative of a committee or group which focuses on the provision of emergency medical services to children in this State and who is nominated by that committee or group.

      5.  The term of each member appointed by the State Board of Health is 2 years. A member may not serve more than two consecutive terms but may serve more than two terms if there is a break in service of not less than 2 years.

      6.  The State Board of Health shall not appoint to the Committee two persons who are employed by or volunteer with the same organization, except the State Board of Health may appoint a person who is employed by or volunteers with the same organization of which a member who serves ex officio is an employee.

      7.  Each member of the Committee shall appoint an alternate to serve in the member’s place if the member is temporarily unable to perform the duties required of him or her pursuant to NRS 450B.151 to 450B.154, inclusive.

      8.  A position on the Committee that becomes vacant before the end of the term of the member must be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1170; A 2005, 330; 2009, 666)

      NRS 450B.152  Chair; meetings; rules for management; compensation of members.

      1.  The Committee shall elect a Chair from among its members. The term of the Chair is 1 year.

      2.  The Committee shall meet at the call of the Chair at least four times each year.

      3.  The Committee shall adopt rules for its own management.

      4.  A member of the Committee serves without compensation, except that, for each day or portion of a day during which a member attends a meeting of the Committee or is otherwise engaged in the business of the Committee, the member of the Committee is entitled to receive the per diem allowance and travel expenses provided for state officers and employees generally. The per diem allowance and travel expenses must be paid by the Division from money not allocated by specific statute for another use.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1171)

      NRS 450B.153  Duties.  The Committee shall:

      1.  Review and advise the Division regarding the management and performance of emergency medical services in this State and regarding statewide emergency medical protocols;

      2.  Advise the Division on matters of policy relating to emergency care, including, without limitation, the qualifications of persons who provide emergency medical services;

      3.  Advise the board and Division with respect to the preparation and adoption of regulations regarding emergency care;

      4.  Review periodically the budget of the Division that relates to emergency medical services;

      5.  Encourage the training and education of emergency medical service personnel to improve the system of public safety in this State; and

      6.  Perform such other duties as may be required by law or regulation.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1171)

      NRS 450B.154  Administrative support.  The Division shall provide administrative support and assistance to the Committee.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1172)

EMERGENCY MEDICAL DISPATCHERS

      NRS 450B.155  Training and certification.

      1.  An educational institution, public or private agency or other entity may provide a training program for emergency medical dispatchers and issue certificates of completion if the program meets the requirements set forth in the regulations of the board and is approved by the board.

      2.  The board shall adopt regulations:

      (a) Prescribing the requirements for a program for training and certifying an emergency medical dispatcher;

      (b) Prescribing the procedures for an educational institution, public or private agency or other entity to obtain the approval of the board to provide such a program; and

      (c) Establishing such fees as are necessary to cover the cost of administering the provisions of this section.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2117)

AMBULANCE ATTENDANTS, EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS AND FIREFIGHTERS

      NRS 450B.160  Licensing of attendants and firefighters; regulations; certification of physicians, nurses and physician assistants serving as attendants. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  The health authority may issue licenses to attendants and to firefighters employed by or serving as volunteers with a fire-fighting agency.

      2.  Each license must be evidenced by a card issued to the holder of the license, is valid for a period not to exceed 2 years and is renewable.

      3.  An applicant for a license must file with the health authority:

      (a) A current, valid certificate evidencing the applicant’s successful completion of a program or course for training in emergency medical technology, if the applicant is applying for a license as an attendant, or, if a volunteer attendant, at a level of skill determined by the board.

      (b) A current valid certificate evidencing the applicant’s successful completion of a program for training as an intermediate emergency medical technician or advanced emergency medical technician if the applicant is applying for a license as a firefighter with a fire-fighting agency.

      (c) A signed statement showing:

             (1) The name and address of the applicant;

             (2) The name and address of the employer of the applicant; and

             (3) A description of the applicant’s duties.

      (d) Such other certificates for training and such other items as the board may specify.

      4.  The board shall adopt such regulations as it determines are necessary for the issuance, suspension, revocation and renewal of licenses.

      5.  Each operator of an ambulance or air ambulance and each fire-fighting agency shall annually file with the health authority a complete list of the licensed persons in its service.

      6.  Licensed physicians, registered nurses and licensed physician assistants may serve as attendants without being licensed under the provisions of this section. A registered nurse who performs advanced emergency care in an ambulance or air ambulance shall perform the care in accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Nursing. A licensed physician assistant who performs advanced emergency care in an ambulance or air ambulance shall perform the care in accordance with the regulations of the Board of Medical Examiners.

      7.  Each licensed physician, registered nurse and licensed physician assistant who serves as an attendant must have current certification of completion of training in:

      (a) Advanced life-support procedures for patients who require cardiac care;

      (b) Life-support procedures for pediatric patients who require cardiac care; or

      (c) Life-support procedures for patients with trauma that are administered before the arrival of those patients at a hospital.

Ê The certification must be issued by the Board of Medical Examiners for a physician or licensed physician assistant or by the State Board of Nursing for a registered nurse.

      8.  The Board of Medical Examiners and the State Board of Nursing shall issue a certificate pursuant to subsection 7 if the licensed physician, licensed physician assistant or registered nurse attends:

      (a) A course offered by a national organization which is nationally recognized for issuing such certification;

      (b) Training conducted by the operator of an ambulance or air ambulance; or

      (c) Any other course or training,

Ê approved by the Board of Medical Examiners or the State Board of Nursing, whichever is issuing the certification. The Board of Medical Examiners and the State Board of Nursing may require certification of training in all three areas set forth in subsection 7 for a licensed physician, licensed physician assistant or registered nurse who primarily serves as an attendant in a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1977, 962; 1979, 70; 1981, 278, 1554; 1985, 1694, 2118; 1987, 2207; 1993, 317, 2830; 1995, 725; 1997, 690; 2001, 782; 2005, 331; 2011, 1269)

      NRS 450B.160  Licensing of attendants and firefighters; regulations; certification of physicians, nurses and physician assistants serving as attendants. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  The health authority may issue licenses to attendants and to firefighters employed by or serving as volunteers with a fire-fighting agency.

      2.  Each license must be evidenced by a card issued to the holder of the license, is valid for a period not to exceed 2 years and is renewable.

      3.  An applicant for a license must file with the health authority:

      (a) A current, valid certificate evidencing the applicant’s successful completion of a program of training as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic, if the applicant is applying for a license as an attendant, or, if a volunteer attendant, at a level of skill determined by the board.

      (b) A current valid certificate evidencing the applicant’s successful completion of a program of training as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic, if the applicant is applying for a license as a firefighter with a fire-fighting agency.

      (c) A signed statement showing:

             (1) The name and address of the applicant;

             (2) The name and address of the employer of the applicant; and

             (3) A description of the applicant’s duties.

      (d) Such other certificates for training and such other items as the board may specify.

      4.  The board shall adopt such regulations as it determines are necessary for the issuance, suspension, revocation and renewal of licenses.

      5.  Each operator of an ambulance or air ambulance and each fire-fighting agency shall annually file with the health authority a complete list of the licensed persons in its service.

      6.  Licensed physicians, registered nurses and licensed physician assistants may serve as attendants without being licensed under the provisions of this section. A registered nurse who performs emergency care in an ambulance or air ambulance shall perform the care in accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Nursing. A licensed physician assistant who performs emergency care in an ambulance or air ambulance shall perform the care in accordance with the regulations of the Board of Medical Examiners.

      7.  Each licensed physician, registered nurse and licensed physician assistant who serves as an attendant must have current certification of completion of training in:

      (a) Advanced life-support procedures for patients who require cardiac care;

      (b) Life-support procedures for pediatric patients who require cardiac care; or

      (c) Life-support procedures for patients with trauma that are administered before the arrival of those patients at a hospital.

Ê The certification must be issued by the Board of Medical Examiners for a physician or licensed physician assistant or by the State Board of Nursing for a registered nurse.

      8.  The Board of Medical Examiners and the State Board of Nursing shall issue a certificate pursuant to subsection 7 if the licensed physician, licensed physician assistant or registered nurse attends:

      (a) A course offered by a national organization which is nationally recognized for issuing such certification;

      (b) Training conducted by the operator of an ambulance or air ambulance; or

      (c) Any other course or training,

Ê approved by the Board of Medical Examiners or the State Board of Nursing, whichever is issuing the certification. The Board of Medical Examiners and the State Board of Nursing may require certification of training in all three areas set forth in subsection 7 for a licensed physician, licensed physician assistant or registered nurse who primarily serves as an attendant in a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1142; A 1977, 962; 1979, 70; 1981, 278, 1554; 1985, 1694, 2118; 1987, 2207; 1993, 317, 2830; 1995, 725; 1997, 690; 2001, 782; 2005, 331; 2011, 1269; 2013, 939, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.165  Attendant, firefighter and emergency medical technician to attest to knowledge of and compliance with certain guidelines concerning safe and appropriate injection practices. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  The health authority shall not issue or renew:

      1.  A license to an attendant or firefighter; or

      2.  A certificate as an emergency medical technician,

Ê unless the applicant for issuance or renewal of the license or certificate attests to knowledge of and compliance with the guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concerning the prevention of transmission of infectious agents through safe and appropriate injection practices.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 2053)

      NRS 450B.165  Attendant, firefighter and emergency medical technician to attest to knowledge of and compliance with certain guidelines concerning safe and appropriate injection practices. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  The health authority shall not issue or renew:

      1.  A license to an attendant or firefighter; or

      2.  A certificate,

Ê unless the applicant for issuance or renewal of the license or certificate attests to knowledge of and compliance with the guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concerning the prevention of transmission of infectious agents through safe and appropriate injection practices.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 2053; A 2013, 940, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.171  Relative of patient or other person may ride with attendants.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, unlicensed relatives of a sick or injured patient and other persons may ride in an ambulance if there are two attendants in the ambulance, each of whom is licensed pursuant to this chapter or exempt from licensing pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 286; A 1993, 318)

      NRS 450B.180  Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

      1.  Any person desiring certification as an emergency medical technician must apply to the health authority using forms prescribed by the health authority.

      2.  The health authority, pursuant to regulations and procedures adopted by the board, shall make a determination of the applicant’s qualifications to be certified as an emergency medical technician, and shall issue a certificate as an emergency medical technician to each qualified applicant.

      3.  A certificate as an emergency medical technician is valid for a period not exceeding 2 years and may be renewed if the holder of the certificate complies with the provisions of this chapter and meets the qualifications set forth in the regulations and standards established by the board pursuant to this chapter. The regulations and standards established by the board must provide for the completion of a course of instruction, within 2 years after initial licensure, relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction. The course must provide at least 4 hours of instruction that includes instruction in the following subjects:

      (a) An overview of acts of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction;

      (b) Personal protective equipment required for acts of terrorism;

      (c) Common symptoms and methods of treatment associated with exposure to, or injuries caused by, chemical, biological, radioactive and nuclear agents;

      (d) Syndromic surveillance and reporting procedures for acts of terrorism that involve biological agents; and

      (e) An overview of the information available on, and the use of, the Health Alert Network.

Ê The board may thereafter determine whether to establish regulations and standards requiring additional courses of instruction relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

      4.  The health authority may suspend or revoke the certificate of an emergency medical technician if it finds that the holder of the certificate no longer meets the prescribed qualifications. Unless the certificate is suspended by the district court pursuant to NRS 425.540, the holder of the certificate may appeal the suspension or revocation of his or her certificate pursuant to regulations adopted by the board.

      5.  The board shall determine the procedures and techniques which may be performed by an emergency medical technician.

      6.  A certificate issued pursuant to this section is valid throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      7.  The Division shall maintain a central registry of all certificates issued pursuant to this section, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      8.  The board shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      9.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Act of terrorism” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4415.

      (b) “Biological agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.442.

      (c) “Chemical agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4425.

      (d) “Radioactive agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4437.

      (e) “Weapon of mass destruction” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4445.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1143; A 1977, 70; 1981, 279, 1555; 1991, 1916; 1993, 2831; 1995, 2548; 1997, 2056; 2003, 2953; 2005, 2471)

      NRS 450B.180  Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, and through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  Any person desiring certification as an emergency medical technician must apply to the health authority using forms prescribed by the health authority.

      2.  The health authority, pursuant to regulations and procedures adopted by the board, shall make a determination of the applicant’s qualifications to be certified as an emergency medical technician, and shall issue a certificate as an emergency medical technician to each qualified applicant.

      3.  A certificate as an emergency medical technician is valid for a period not exceeding 2 years and may be renewed if the holder of the certificate meets the qualifications set forth in the regulations and standards established by the board pursuant to this chapter. The regulations and standards established by the board must provide for the completion of a course of instruction, within 2 years after initial licensure, relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction. The course must provide at least 4 hours of instruction that includes instruction in the following subjects:

      (a) An overview of acts of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction;

      (b) Personal protective equipment required for acts of terrorism;

      (c) Common symptoms and methods of treatment associated with exposure to, or injuries caused by, chemical, biological, radioactive and nuclear agents;

      (d) Syndromic surveillance and reporting procedures for acts of terrorism that involve biological agents; and

      (e) An overview of the information available on, and the use of, the Health Alert Network.

Ê The board may thereafter determine whether to establish regulations and standards requiring additional courses of instruction relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

      4.  The health authority may suspend or revoke the certificate of an emergency medical technician if it finds that the holder of the certificate no longer meets the prescribed qualifications. The holder of the certificate may appeal the suspension or revocation of his or her certificate pursuant to regulations adopted by the board.

      5.  The board shall determine the procedures and techniques which may be performed by an emergency medical technician.

      6.  A certificate issued pursuant to this section is valid throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      7.  The Division shall maintain a central registry of all certificates issued pursuant to this section, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      8.  The board shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      9.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Act of terrorism” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4415.

      (b) “Biological agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.442.

      (c) “Chemical agent” has the meaning ascribed to it NRS 202.4425.

      (d) “Radioactive agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4437.

      (e) “Weapon of mass destruction” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4445.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1143; A 1977, 70; 1981, 279, 1555; 1991, 1916; 1993, 2831; 1995, 2548; 1997, 2056; 2003, 2953; 2005, 2471, 2472, effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings)

      NRS 450B.180  Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

      1.  Any person desiring certification as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic must apply to the health authority using forms prescribed by the health authority.

      2.  The health authority, pursuant to regulations and procedures adopted by the board, shall make a determination of the applicant’s qualifications to be certified as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic and shall issue the appropriate certificate to each qualified applicant.

      3.  A certificate is valid for a period not exceeding 2 years and may be renewed if the holder of the certificate complies with the provisions of this chapter and meets the qualifications set forth in the regulations and standards established by the board pursuant to this chapter. The regulations and standards established by the board must provide for the completion of a course of instruction, within 2 years after initial licensure, relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction. The course must provide at least 4 hours of instruction that includes instruction in the following subjects:

      (a) An overview of acts of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction;

      (b) Personal protective equipment required for acts of terrorism;

      (c) Common symptoms and methods of treatment associated with exposure to, or injuries caused by, chemical, biological, radioactive and nuclear agents;

      (d) Syndromic surveillance and reporting procedures for acts of terrorism that involve biological agents; and

      (e) An overview of the information available on, and the use of, the Health Alert Network.

Ê The board may thereafter determine whether to establish regulations and standards requiring additional courses of instruction relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

      4.  The health authority may suspend or revoke a certificate if it finds that the holder of the certificate no longer meets the prescribed qualifications. Unless the certificate is suspended by the district court pursuant to NRS 425.540, the holder of the certificate may appeal the suspension or revocation of his or her certificate pursuant to regulations adopted by the board.

      5.  The board shall determine the procedures and techniques which may be performed by an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic.

      6.  A certificate issued pursuant to this section is valid throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      7.  The Division shall maintain a central registry of all certificates issued pursuant to this section, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      8.  The board shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      9.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Act of terrorism” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4415.

      (b) “Biological agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.442.

      (c) “Chemical agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4425.

      (d) “Radioactive agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4437.

      (e) “Weapon of mass destruction” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4445.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1143; A 1977, 70; 1981, 279, 1555; 1991, 1916; 1993, 2831; 1995, 2548; 1997, 2056; 2003, 2953; 2005, 2471; 2013, 940, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.180  Certification and authority of emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics; maintenance of central registry of certificates issued; regulations. [Effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or on January 1, 2014, whichever is later.]

      1.  Any person desiring certification as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic must apply to the health authority using forms prescribed by the health authority.

      2.  The health authority, pursuant to regulations and procedures adopted by the board, shall make a determination of the applicant’s qualifications to be certified as an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic, and shall issue the appropriate certificate to each qualified applicant.

      3.  A certificate is valid for a period not exceeding 2 years and may be renewed if the holder of the certificate meets the qualifications set forth in the regulations and standards established by the board pursuant to this chapter. The regulations and standards established by the board must provide for the completion of a course of instruction, within 2 years after initial licensure, relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction. The course must provide at least 4 hours of instruction that includes instruction in the following subjects:

      (a) An overview of acts of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction;

      (b) Personal protective equipment required for acts of terrorism;

      (c) Common symptoms and methods of treatment associated with exposure to, or injuries caused by, chemical, biological, radioactive and nuclear agents;

      (d) Syndromic surveillance and reporting procedures for acts of terrorism that involve biological agents; and

      (e) An overview of the information available on, and the use of, the Health Alert Network.

Ê The board may thereafter determine whether to establish regulations and standards requiring additional courses of instruction relating to the medical consequences of an act of terrorism that involves the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

      4.  The health authority may suspend or revoke a certificate if it finds that the holder of the certificate no longer meets the prescribed qualifications. The holder of the certificate may appeal the suspension or revocation of his or her certificate pursuant to regulations adopted by the board.

      5.  The board shall determine the procedures and techniques which may be performed by an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic.

      6.  A certificate issued pursuant to this section is valid throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      7.  The Division shall maintain a central registry of all certificates issued pursuant to this section, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      8.  The board shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      9.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Act of terrorism” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4415.

      (b) “Biological agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.442.

      (c) “Chemical agent” has the meaning ascribed to it NRS 202.4425.

      (d) “Radioactive agent” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4437.

      (e) “Weapon of mass destruction” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.4445.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1143; A 1977, 70; 1981, 279, 1555; 1991, 1916; 1993, 2831; 1995, 2548; 1997, 2056; 2003, 2953; 2005, 2471, 2472; 2013, 940, effective on the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or on January 1, 2014, whichever is later)

      NRS 450B.183  Payment of child support: Statement by applicant for license or certificate; grounds for denial of license or certificate; duty of health authority. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

      1.  An applicant for the issuance or renewal of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or an emergency medical technician certificate shall submit to the health authority the statement prescribed by the Division of Welfare and Supportive Services of the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to NRS 425.520. The statement must be completed and signed by the applicant.

      2.  The health authority shall include the statement required pursuant to subsection 1 in:

      (a) The application or any other forms that must be submitted for the issuance or renewal of the license or certificate; or

      (b) A separate form prescribed by the health authority.

      3.  A license or certificate described in subsection 1 may not be issued or renewed by the health authority if the applicant:

      (a) Fails to submit the statement required pursuant to subsection 1; or

      (b) Indicates on the statement submitted pursuant to subsection 1 that the applicant is subject to a court order for the support of a child and is not in compliance with the order or a plan approved by the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order for the repayment of the amount owed pursuant to the order.

      4.  If an applicant indicates on the statement submitted pursuant to subsection 1 that the applicant is subject to a court order for the support of a child and is not in compliance with the order or a plan approved by the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order for the repayment of the amount owed pursuant to the order, the health authority shall advise the applicant to contact the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order to determine the actions that the applicant may take to satisfy the arrearage.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2055; A 2005, 332)

      NRS 450B.183  Payment of child support: Statement by applicant for license or certificate; grounds for denial of license or certificate; duty of health authority. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

      1.  An applicant for the issuance or renewal of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or a certificate shall submit to the health authority the statement prescribed by the Division of Welfare and Supportive Services of the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to NRS 425.520. The statement must be completed and signed by the applicant.

      2.  The health authority shall include the statement required pursuant to subsection 1 in:

      (a) The application or any other forms that must be submitted for the issuance or renewal of the license or certificate; or

      (b) A separate form prescribed by the health authority.

      3.  A license or certificate described in subsection 1 may not be issued or renewed by the health authority if the applicant:

      (a) Fails to submit the statement required pursuant to subsection 1; or

      (b) Indicates on the statement submitted pursuant to subsection 1 that the applicant is subject to a court order for the support of a child and is not in compliance with the order or a plan approved by the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order for the repayment of the amount owed pursuant to the order.

      4.  If an applicant indicates on the statement submitted pursuant to subsection 1 that the applicant is subject to a court order for the support of a child and is not in compliance with the order or a plan approved by the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order for the repayment of the amount owed pursuant to the order, the health authority shall advise the applicant to contact the district attorney or other public agency enforcing the order to determine the actions that the applicant may take to satisfy the arrearage.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2055; A 2005, 332; 2013, 941, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.185  Suspension of license or certificate for failure to pay child support or comply with certain subpoenas or warrants; reinstatement of license or certificate. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]

      1.  If the health authority receives a copy of a court order issued pursuant to NRS 425.540 that provides for the suspension of all professional, occupational and recreational licenses, certificates and permits issued to a person who is the holder of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or an emergency medical technician certificate, the health authority shall deem the license or certificate issued to that person to be suspended at the end of the 30th day after the date on which the court order was issued unless the health authority receives a letter issued to the holder of the license or certificate by the district attorney or other public agency pursuant to NRS 425.550 stating that the holder of the license or certificate has complied with the subpoena or warrant or has satisfied the arrearage pursuant to NRS 425.560.

      2.  The health authority shall reinstate a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or an emergency medical technician certificate that has been suspended by a district court pursuant to NRS 425.540 if:

      (a) The health authority receives a letter issued by the district attorney or other public agency pursuant to NRS 425.550 to the person whose license or certificate was suspended stating that the person whose license or certificate was suspended has complied with the subpoena or warrant or has satisfied the arrearage pursuant to NRS 425.560; and

      (b) The person whose license or certificate was suspended pays any fees imposed by the health authority for the reinstatement of a suspended license or certificate.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2056; A 2005, 333)

      NRS 450B.185  Suspension of license or certificate for failure to pay child support or comply with certain subpoenas or warrants; reinstatement of license or certificate. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]

      1.  If the health authority receives a copy of a court order issued pursuant to NRS 425.540 that provides for the suspension of all professional, occupational and recreational licenses, certificates and permits issued to a person who is the holder of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or a certificate, the health authority shall deem the license or certificate issued to that person to be suspended at the end of the 30th day after the date on which the court order was issued unless the health authority receives a letter issued to the holder of the license or certificate by the district attorney or other public agency pursuant to NRS 425.550 stating that the holder of the license or certificate has complied with the subpoena or warrant or has satisfied the arrearage pursuant to NRS 425.560.

      2.  The health authority shall reinstate a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or a certificate that has been suspended by a district court pursuant to NRS 425.540 if:

      (a) The health authority receives a letter issued by the district attorney or other public agency pursuant to NRS 425.550 to the person whose license or certificate was suspended stating that the person whose license or certificate was suspended has complied with the subpoena or warrant or has satisfied the arrearage pursuant to NRS 425.560; and

      (b) The person whose license or certificate was suspended pays any fees imposed by the health authority for the reinstatement of a suspended license or certificate.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2056; A 2005, 333; 2013, 942, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.187  Application for license or certificate to include social security number. [Effective until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings, or through December 31, 2013, whichever is earlier.]  An application for the issuance or renewal of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or an emergency medical technician certificate must include the social security number of the applicant.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2056; A 2005, 333)

      NRS 450B.187  Application for license or certificate to include social security number. [Effective January 1, 2014, and until the date of the repeal of 42 U.S.C. § 666, the federal law requiring each state to establish procedures for withholding, suspending and restricting the professional, occupational and recreational licenses for child support arrearages and for noncompliance with certain processes relating to paternity or child support proceedings.]  An application for the issuance or renewal of a license as an attendant or firefighter employed by a fire-fighting agency or a certificate must include the social security number of the applicant.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 2056; A 2005, 333; 2013, 943, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.190  Provisional licensing of attendants.

      1.  The health authority may, at its discretion, issue a provisional license as an attendant to a person who does not meet the qualifications established pursuant to this chapter, if the health authority determines that such issuance will be in the public interest.

      2.  A provisional license as an attendant must not be made valid for more than 1 year from the date of issuance and is not renewable.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1144; A 1987, 2208; 1993, 2832)

EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS

      NRS 450B.1905  Requirements for training and certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  A program for training in the basic care of a patient in urgent need of medical care or observation must be:

      (a) Supervised by a physician and approved by the health authority; or

      (b) Presented by a national organization which is nationally recognized for providing such training and approved by the board.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 3 and 4, training in basic care must include:

      (a) Procedures to establish and maintain an open airway in a patient;

      (b) Administration of oxygen, both manually and by a device which uses intermittent positive pressure;

      (c) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation;

      (d) Treatment of shock;

      (e) Control of bleeding;

      (f) Treatment of wounds;

      (g) Application of splints;

      (h) Treatment for poisoning;

      (i) Childbirth; and

      (j) Rescue.

      3.  A program for training in the basic care of a patient may follow the curriculum prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for emergency medical technicians.

      4.  The board may adopt regulations which prescribe other requirements for training in the basic care of a patient in urgent need of medical care or observation.

      5.  An owner of an ambulance shall not offer basic care of a patient in urgent need of medical care or observation unless the attendant has successfully completed a program of training in such care or is exempt, pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, from the requirement to obtain that training.

      6.  The board may by regulation prescribe additional requirements for receiving and maintaining certification in basic emergency care. The curriculum for training must be:

      (a) At the level of advanced first aid; or

      (b) At least equivalent to any curriculum prepared by the Department of Transportation as a national standard for emergency medical technicians.

      (Added to NRS by 1985, 2117; A 1987, 2208; 1993, 318, 2832)

      NRS 450B.1905  Program of training for certification; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  A program of training for certification as an emergency medical technician must be:

      (a) Supervised by a physician and approved by the health authority; or

      (b) Presented by a national organization which is nationally recognized for providing such training and approved by the board.

      2.  A program of training for certification as an emergency medical technician must follow the curriculum or educational standards prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for emergency medical technicians.

      3.  The board may adopt regulations which prescribe other requirements of training for certification as an emergency medical technician.

      4.  An owner of an ambulance shall not offer emergency medical care to a patient in urgent need of medical care or observation unless the attendant has successfully completed a program of training for certification as an emergency medical technician or is exempt, pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, from the requirement to obtain that training.

      5.  The board may by regulation prescribe additional requirements for receiving and maintaining certification as an emergency medical technician. The curriculum or educational standards for training must be:

      (a) At the level of advanced first aid; or

      (b) At least equivalent to any curriculum or educational standards prepared by the Department of Transportation as a national standard for emergency medical technicians.

      (Added to NRS by 1985, 2117; A 1987, 2208; 1993, 318, 2832; 2013, 943, effective January 1, 2014)

ADVANCED EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS AND PARAMEDICS; ENDORSEMENT TO ADMINISTER IMMUNIZATIONS AND DISPENSE MEDICATION

      NRS 450B.191  Program of training in intermediate emergency care; maintenance of certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  A program of training in intermediate emergency care of a patient in urgent need of medical care or observation must be conducted by a licensed physician and approved by the health authority.

      2.  A program of training for an intermediate emergency medical technician must include an approved curriculum in intravenous therapy and the management of a passage for air to the lungs. Only a certified emergency medical technician with experience as established by the board is eligible for this training.

      3.  In order to maintain certification, each intermediate emergency medical technician must annually:

      (a) Comply with the requirements established by the board for continuing medical education; and

      (b) Demonstrate his or her skills as required by regulation of the board.

      4.  The board may by regulation prescribe the curriculum and other requirements for training and maintaining certification in intermediate emergency care. The curriculum must be at least equivalent to any curriculum prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for intermediate emergency medical technicians.

      5.  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be an intermediate emergency medical technician unless the person has on file with the health authority a currently valid certificate demonstrating successful completion of the program of training required by this section.

      6.  Except as authorized by subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, an attendant or firefighter shall not perform, and the owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance or a fire-fighting agency must not offer, intermediate emergency care without fulfilling the requirements established by the board.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 277; A 1981, 1557; 1985, 1695; 1987, 2209; 1993, 319, 2833; 1995, 725; 2005, 333)

      NRS 450B.191  Program of training for certification as advanced emergency medical technician; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  A program of training for certification as an advanced emergency medical technician must be supervised by a licensed physician and approved by the health authority.

      2.  A program of training for certification as an advanced emergency medical technician must include an approved curriculum in intravenous therapy and the management of a passage for air to the lungs. Only a certified emergency medical technician with experience as established by the board is eligible for this training.

      3.  In order to maintain certification, each advanced emergency medical technician must annually:

      (a) Comply with the requirements established by the board for continuing medical education; and

      (b) Demonstrate his or her skills as required by regulation of the board.

      4.  The board may by regulation prescribe the curriculum and other requirements for training and maintaining certification as an advanced emergency medical technician. The curriculum must be at least equivalent to any curriculum or educational standards prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for advanced emergency medical technicians.

      5.  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be an advanced emergency medical technician unless the person has on file with the health authority a currently valid certificate demonstrating successful completion of the program of training required by this section.

      6.  Except as authorized by subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, an attendant or firefighter shall not perform, and the owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance or a fire-fighting agency shall not offer, emergency care as an advanced emergency medical technician without fulfilling the requirements established by the board.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 277; A 1981, 1557; 1985, 1695; 1987, 2209; 1993, 319, 2833; 1995, 725; 2005, 333; 2013, 943, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.1915  Authorized activities of intermediate emergency medical technician. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  An intermediate emergency medical technician may perform any procedure and administer any drug:

      1.  Approved by regulation of the board; or

      2.  Authorized pursuant to NRS 450B.1975, if the intermediate emergency medical technician has obtained an endorsement pursuant to that section.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 278; A 1987, 2210; 2009, 1533)

      NRS 450B.1915  Authorized activities of advanced emergency medical technician. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  An advanced emergency medical technician may perform any procedure and administer any drug:

      1.  Approved by regulation of the board; or

      2.  Authorized pursuant to NRS 450B.1975, if the advanced emergency medical technician has obtained an endorsement pursuant to that section.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 278; A 1987, 2210; 2009, 1533; 2013, 944, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.195  Program of training in advanced emergency care; maintenance of certification. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  Only a certified emergency medical technician who is a licensed attendant or a firefighter with experience as established by the board is eligible for training as an advanced emergency medical technician.

      2.  A program of training in advanced emergency care for advanced emergency medical technicians must be conducted by a licensed physician and approved by the health authority.

      3.  In order to maintain certification, each advanced emergency medical technician must annually:

      (a) Comply with the requirements established by the board for continuing medical education; and

      (b) Demonstrate his or her skills as required by regulation of the board.

      4.  The board may by regulation prescribe the curriculum and other requirements for training and maintaining certification in advanced emergency care. The curriculum must be at least equivalent to any curriculum prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for advanced emergency medical technicians.

      5.  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be an advanced emergency medical technician unless the person has on file with the health authority a currently valid certificate evidencing the person’s successful completion of the program of training required by this section.

      6.  Except as authorized by subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, an attendant or firefighter shall not perform, and the owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance or a fire-fighting agency must not offer, advanced emergency care without fulfilling the requirements established by the board.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 610; A 1975, 38; 1979, 71; 1981, 1555; 1985, 1696; 1987, 2210; 1993, 319, 2833; 1995, 725; 2005, 334)

      NRS 450B.195  Program of training for certification as paramedic; maintenance of certification. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  Only a certified emergency medical technician with experience as established by the board is eligible for training as a paramedic.

      2.  A program of training for certification as a paramedic must be supervised by a licensed physician and approved by the health authority.

      3.  To maintain certification, each paramedic must annually:

      (a) Comply with the requirements established by the board for continuing medical education; and

      (b) Demonstrate his or her skills as required by regulation of the board.

      4.  The board may by regulation prescribe the curriculum and other requirements for training and maintaining certification as a paramedic. The curriculum must be at least equivalent to any curriculum or educational standards prepared by the United States Department of Transportation as a national standard for paramedics.

      5.  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be a paramedic unless the person has on file with the health authority a currently valid certificate evidencing the person’s successful completion of the program of training required by this section.

      6.  Except as authorized by subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, an attendant or firefighter shall not perform, and the owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance or a fire-fighting agency shall not offer, emergency care as a paramedic without fulfilling the requirements established by the board.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 610; A 1975, 38; 1979, 71; 1981, 1555; 1985, 1696; 1987, 2210; 1993, 319, 2833; 1995, 725; 2005, 334; 2013, 944, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.197  Authorized activities of advanced emergency medical technician. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  An attendant or a firefighter who is an advanced emergency medical technician may perform any procedure and administer any drug:

      1.  Approved by regulation of the board; or

      2.  Authorized pursuant to NRS 450B.1975, if the attendant or firefighter who is an advanced emergency medical technician has obtained an endorsement pursuant to that section.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 610; A 1975, 38; 1981, 1556; 1985, 1696; 1987, 2211; 2005, 334; 2009, 1534)

      NRS 450B.197  Authorized activities of paramedic. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  An attendant or a firefighter who is a paramedic may perform any procedure and administer any drug:

      1.  Approved by regulation of the board; or

      2.  Authorized pursuant to NRS 450B.1975, if the attendant or firefighter who is a paramedic has obtained an endorsement pursuant to that section.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 610; A 1975, 38; 1981, 1556; 1985, 1696; 1987, 2211; 2005, 334; 2009, 1534; 2013, 945, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.1975  Endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and respond to public health needs. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  An intermediate emergency medical technician or an advanced emergency medical technician who holds an endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and prepare and respond to certain public health needs issued in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to this section may:

      (a) Administer immunizations and dispense medications;

      (b) Participate in activities designed to prepare the community to meet anticipated health needs, including, without limitation, participation in public vaccination clinics; and

      (c) Respond to an actual epidemic or other emergency in the community,

Ê under the direct supervision of the local health officer, or a designee of the local health officer, of the jurisdiction in which the immunization is administered or the medication is dispensed or in which the emergency or need exists.

      2.  The district board of health, in a county whose population is 700,000 or more, may adopt regulations for the endorsement of intermediate emergency medical technicians and advanced emergency medical technicians pursuant to this section. The regulations must:

      (a) Prescribe the minimum training required to obtain such an endorsement;

      (b) Prescribe the continuing education requirements or other evidence of continued competency for renewal of the endorsement;

      (c) Prescribe the fee for the issuance and renewal of the endorsement, which must not exceed $5; and

      (d) Not require licensure as an attendant as a condition of eligibility for an endorsement pursuant to this section.

      3.  The State Board of Health shall, for counties whose population is less than 700,000, adopt regulations for the endorsement of intermediate emergency medical technicians and advanced emergency medical technicians pursuant to this section. The regulations must:

      (a) Prescribe the minimum training required to obtain such an endorsement;

      (b) Prescribe the continuing education requirements or other evidence of continued competency for renewal of the endorsement;

      (c) Prescribe the fee for the issuance and renewal of the endorsement, which must not exceed $5;

      (d) To the extent practicable, authorize local health officers to provide the training and continuing education required to obtain and renew an endorsement; and

      (e) Not require licensure as an attendant as a condition of eligibility for an endorsement pursuant to this section.

      4.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Emergency” means an occurrence or threatened occurrence for which, in the determination of the Governor, the assistance of state agencies is needed to supplement the efforts and capabilities of political subdivisions to save lives, protect property and protect the health and safety of persons in this State, or to avert the threat of damage to property or injury to or the death of persons in this State.

      (b) “Local health officer” means a city health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.430, county health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.290 or district health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.368 or 439.400.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 1532; A 2011, 1270)

      NRS 450B.1975  Endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and respond to public health needs. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  An advanced emergency medical technician or a paramedic who holds an endorsement to administer immunizations, dispense medication and prepare and respond to certain public health needs issued in accordance with the regulations adopted pursuant to this section may:

      (a) Administer immunizations and dispense medications;

      (b) Participate in activities designed to prepare the community to meet anticipated health needs, including, without limitation, participation in public vaccination clinics; and

      (c) Respond to an actual epidemic or other emergency in the community,

Ê under the direct supervision of the local health officer, or a designee of the local health officer, of the jurisdiction in which the immunization is administered or the medication is dispensed or in which the emergency or need exists.

      2.  The district board of health, in a county whose population is 700,000 or more, may adopt regulations for the endorsement of advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics pursuant to this section. The regulations must:

      (a) Prescribe the minimum training required to obtain such an endorsement;

      (b) Prescribe the continuing education requirements or other evidence of continued competency for renewal of the endorsement;

      (c) Prescribe the fee for the issuance and renewal of the endorsement, which must not exceed $5; and

      (d) Not require licensure as an attendant as a condition of eligibility for an endorsement pursuant to this section.

      3.  The State Board of Health shall, for counties whose population is less than 700,000, adopt regulations for the endorsement of advanced emergency medical technicians and paramedics pursuant to this section. The regulations must:

      (a) Prescribe the minimum training required to obtain such an endorsement;

      (b) Prescribe the continuing education requirements or other evidence of continued competency for renewal of the endorsement;

      (c) Prescribe the fee for the issuance and renewal of the endorsement, which must not exceed $5;

      (d) To the extent practicable, authorize local health officers to provide the training and continuing education required to obtain and renew an endorsement; and

      (e) Not require licensure as an attendant as a condition of eligibility for an endorsement pursuant to this section.

      4.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Emergency” means an occurrence or threatened occurrence for which, in the determination of the Governor, the assistance of state agencies is needed to supplement the efforts and capabilities of political subdivisions to save lives, protect property and protect the health and safety of persons in this State, or to avert the threat of damage to property or injury to or the death of persons in this State.

      (b) “Local health officer” means a city health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.430, county health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.290 or district health officer appointed pursuant to NRS 439.368 or 439.400.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 1532; A 2011, 1270; 2013, 945, effective January 1, 2014)

PERMIT AUTHORIZING FIRE-FIGHTING AGENCY TO PROVIDE CERTAIN LEVEL OF MEDICAL CARE

      NRS 450B.1985  Exclusive method of issuance; authority of district board of health in certain larger counties to issue; situations in which intermediate or advanced medical care may be provided. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, no permit may be issued pursuant to this chapter authorizing a fire-fighting agency to provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 10 of NRS 450B.200, the district board of health in a county whose population is 700,000 or more may issue a permit pursuant to NRS 450B.200 or 450B.210 authorizing a fire-fighting agency to provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency and while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 998; A 2005, 2473; 2011, 1271; 2013, 618)

      NRS 450B.1985  Exclusive method of issuance; authority of district board of health in certain larger counties to issue; situations in which certain medical care may be provided. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, no permit may be issued pursuant to this chapter authorizing a fire-fighting agency to provide the level of medical care provided by an advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic to sick or injured persons while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 10 of NRS 450B.200, the district board of health in a county whose population is 700,000 or more may issue a permit pursuant to NRS 450B.200 or 450B.210 authorizing a fire-fighting agency to provide the level of medical care provided by an advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency and while transporting those persons to a medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 998; A 2005, 2473; 2011, 1271; 2013, 618, 946, effective January 1, 2014)

AMBULANCES, AIR AMBULANCES AND VEHICLES OF FIRE-FIGHTING AGENCIES

      NRS 450B.200  Permit for operation; fees; renewal; disciplinary or legal action for violations; maintenance of central registry of permits issued; regulations.

      1.  The health authority may issue a permit for the operation of an ambulance, an air ambulance or a vehicle of a fire-fighting agency at the scene of an emergency.

      2.  Each permit must be evidenced by a card issued to the holder of the permit.

      3.  No permit may be issued unless the applicant is qualified pursuant to the regulations of the board.

      4.  An application for a permit must be made upon forms prescribed by the board and in accordance with procedures established by the board, and must contain the following:

      (a) The name and address of the owner of the ambulance or air ambulance or of the fire-fighting agency;

      (b) The name under which the applicant is doing business or proposes to do business, if applicable;

      (c) A description of each ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle of a fire-fighting agency, including the make, year of manufacture and chassis number, and the color scheme, insigne, name, monogram or other distinguishing characteristics to be used to designate the applicant’s ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle;

      (d) The location and description of the places from which the ambulance, air ambulance or fire-fighting agency intends to operate; and

      (e) Such other information as the board deems reasonable and necessary to a fair determination of compliance with the provisions of this chapter.

      5.  The board shall establish a reasonable fee for annual permits.

      6.  All permits expire on July 1 following the date of issue, and are renewable annually thereafter upon payment of the fee required by subsection 5 at least 30 days before the expiration date.

      7.  The health authority shall:

      (a) Revoke, suspend or refuse to renew any permit issued pursuant to this section for violation of any provision of this chapter or of any regulation adopted by the board; or

      (b) Bring an action in any court for violation of this chapter or the regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter,

Ê only after the holder of a permit is afforded an opportunity for a public hearing pursuant to regulations adopted by the board.

      8.  The health authority may suspend a permit if the holder is using an ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle of a fire-fighting agency which does not meet the minimum requirements for equipment as established by the board pursuant to this chapter.

      9.  In determining whether to issue a permit for the operation of an air ambulance pursuant to this section, the health authority:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), may consider the medical aspects of the operation of an air ambulance, including, without limitation, aspects related to patient care; and

      (b) Shall not consider economic factors, including, without limitation, factors related to the prices, routes or nonmedical services of an air ambulance.

      10.  The issuance of a permit pursuant to this section or NRS 450B.210 does not authorize any person or governmental entity to provide those services or to operate any ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle of a fire-fighting agency not in conformity with any ordinance or regulation enacted by any county, municipality or special purpose district.

      11.  A permit issued pursuant to this section is valid throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health. An ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle of a fire-fighting agency which has received a permit from the district board of health in a county whose population is 700,000 or more is not required to obtain a permit from the Division, even if the ambulance, air ambulance or vehicle of a fire-fighting agency has routine operations outside the county.

      12.  The Division shall maintain a central registry of all permits issued pursuant to this section, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      13.  The board shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1144; A 1977, 71; 1981, 279; 1985, 1697; 1987, 2212; 1991, 1916; 1993, 2834; 1995, 2548; 2005, 2473; 2011, 1271; 2013, 618)

      NRS 450B.210  Provisional permit.

      1.  The board may issue provisional permits limited as to time, place and purpose, based on the need therefor. No provisional permit may be issued for a period of longer than 6 months. The board may establish a reasonable fee for such provisional permits.

      2.  Unless otherwise limited in the permit, a provisional permit issued pursuant to this section is valid for providing emergency services throughout the State, whether issued by the Division or a district board of health.

      3.  In determining whether to issue a permit for the operation of an air ambulance pursuant to this section, the health authority:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), may consider the medical aspects of the operation of an air ambulance, including, without limitation, aspects related to patient care; and

      (b) Shall not consider economic factors, including, without limitation, factors related to the prices, routes or nonmedical services of an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1991, 1917; 2005, 2474; 2013, 619)

      NRS 450B.220  Periodic inspections.

      1.  Subsequent to issuance of any permit under NRS 450B.200 and 450B.210, the health authority shall cause to be inspected the ambulances, aircraft, vehicles, medical supplies, equipment, personnel, records, premises and operational procedures of a holder of a permit whenever that inspection is deemed necessary, but no less frequently than once each year. The periodic inspection required by this section is in addition to any other state or local inspections required for ambulances, aircraft or motor vehicles under statute or ordinances.

      2.  Any inspection conducted pursuant to subsection 1 of the aircraft, equipment, personnel, records, premises or operational procedures of a holder of a permit to operate an air ambulance must be related only to the medical aspects of the operation of the air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 2835; 2013, 620)

      NRS 450B.230  Owner not to allow operation without required equipment; exception.

      1.  The public or private owner of an ambulance or air ambulance or the fire-fighting agency who owns a vehicle used in providing emergency medical care shall not permit its operation and use without the equipment required by regulations and standards of the board.

      2.  The provisions of this section do not apply to the equipment in or of an air ambulance unless the equipment is related to the medical aspects of the operation of the air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 2013, 620)

      NRS 450B.235  Filing and maintenance of schedule of rates of ambulance.

      1.  Each public and private owner of an ambulance shall file his or her schedule of rates with the health authority. Any change in a schedule of an ambulance must be filed before the change becomes effective.

      2.  The health authority shall keep each schedule of rates or changes filed with it for at least 3 years after the schedule has been superseded or otherwise become ineffective.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 726; A 1993, 2835; 2013, 620)

TREATMENT OF TRAUMA

      NRS 450B.236  Approval required for operation of center for treatment of trauma.  A person shall not operate a center for the treatment of trauma without first applying for and obtaining the written approval of the Administrator of the Division.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1042)

      NRS 450B.237  Establishment of program for treatment of trauma; regulations; proposal to designate hospital as trauma center; approval by Administrator of Division; standards; compliance.

      1.  The board shall establish a program for treating persons who require treatment for trauma and for transporting and admitting such persons to centers for the treatment of trauma. The program must provide for the development, operation and maintenance of a system of communication to be used in transporting such persons to the appropriate centers.

      2.  The State Board of Health shall adopt regulations which establish the standards for the designation of hospitals as centers for the treatment of trauma. The State Board of Health shall consider the standards adopted by the American College of Surgeons for a center for the treatment of trauma as a guide for such regulations. The Administrator of the Division shall not approve a proposal to designate a hospital as a center for the treatment of trauma unless the hospital meets the standards established pursuant to this subsection.

      3.  Each district board of health in a county whose population is 700,000 or more shall adopt regulations which establish the standards for the designation of hospitals in the county as centers for the treatment of trauma which are consistent with the regulations adopted by the State Board of Health pursuant to subsection 2. A district board of health shall not approve a proposal to designate a hospital as a center for the treatment of trauma unless the hospital meets the standards established pursuant to this subsection.

      4.  A proposal to designate a hospital located in a county whose population is 700,000 or more as a center for the treatment of trauma:

      (a) Must be approved by the Administrator of the Division and by the district board of health of the county in which the hospital is located; and

      (b) May not be approved unless the district board of health of the county in which the hospital is located has established and adopted a comprehensive trauma system plan concerning the treatment of trauma in the county, which includes, without limitation, consideration of the future trauma needs of the county, consideration of and plans for the development and designation of new centers for the treatment of trauma in the county based on the demographics of the county and the manner in which the county may most effectively provide trauma services to persons in the county.

      5.  Upon approval by the Administrator of the Division and, if the hospital is located in a county whose population is 700,000 or more, the district board of health of the county in which the hospital is located, of a proposal to designate a hospital as a center for the treatment of trauma, the Administrator of the Division shall issue written approval which designates the hospital as such a center. As a condition of continuing designation the hospital must comply with the following requirements:

      (a) The hospital must admit any injured person who requires medical care.

      (b) Any physician who provides treatment for trauma must be qualified to provide that treatment.

      (c) The hospital must maintain the standards specified in the regulations adopted pursuant to subsections 2 and 3.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1042; A 1993, 2835; 2005, 1349; 2011, 1273)

      NRS 450B.238  Regulations requiring hospital to record and maintain information.  The State Board of Health shall adopt regulations which require each hospital to record and maintain information concerning the treatment of trauma in the hospital. The Board shall consider the guidelines adopted by the American College of Surgeons which concern the information which must be recorded.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1043; A 1993, 2836)

      NRS 450B.239  Division to cooperate with American College of Surgeons.  In addition to the education and training required by this chapter, the Division shall cooperate with the American College of Surgeons to provide training in the treatment of trauma.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1043)

PROHIBITED ACTS

      NRS 450B.240  Engaging in operation of services relating to ambulances or air ambulances without permit prohibited; provision of certain medical care by fire-fighting agency without permit prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  A person or governmental entity shall not engage in the operation of any ambulance or air ambulance service in this state without a currently valid permit for that service issued by the health authority.

      2.  A fire-fighting agency shall not provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility without a currently valid permit for that care issued by the health authority.

      3.  Nothing in this section precludes the operation of an aircraft in this state in a manner other than as an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 2836; 2001, 999; 2013, 620)

      NRS 450B.240  Engaging in operation of services relating to ambulances or air ambulances without permit prohibited; provision of certain medical care by fire-fighting agency without permit prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  A person or governmental entity shall not engage in the operation of any ambulance or air ambulance service in this state without a currently valid permit for that service issued by the health authority.

      2.  A fire-fighting agency shall not provide the level of medical care provided by an advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility without a currently valid permit for that care issued by the health authority.

      3.  Nothing in this section precludes the operation of an aircraft in this state in a manner other than as an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 2836; 2001, 999; 2013, 620, 946, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.250  Service as attendant for ambulance without license prohibited; provision of certain medical care by firefighter without license prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a person shall not serve as an attendant on any ambulance or air ambulance and a firefighter shall not provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility unless the person holds a currently valid license issued by the health authority under the provisions of this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 2836; 2001, 999; 2005, 334)

      NRS 450B.250  Service as attendant for ambulance or air ambulance without license prohibited; provision of certain medical care by firefighter without license prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a person shall not serve as an attendant on any ambulance or air ambulance and a firefighter shall not provide the level of medical care provided by an advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility unless the person holds a currently valid license issued by the health authority under the provisions of this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 2836; 2001, 999; 2005, 334; 2013, 946, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.255  Representation as emergency medical technician without certificate prohibited. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be an emergency medical technician unless the person has been issued a currently valid certificate as an emergency medical technician by the health authority.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 71; A 1993, 2836)

      NRS 450B.255  Representation as emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic without certificate prohibited. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  A person shall not represent himself or herself to be an emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic unless the person has been issued a currently valid certificate by the health authority.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 71; A 1993, 2836; 2013, 946, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.260  Operation of ambulance, air ambulance or fire-fighting vehicle used to provide medical care without licensed driver and attendant prohibited; exceptions. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the public or private owner of an ambulance or air ambulance or a fire-fighting agency which owns a vehicle used in providing medical care to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility shall not permit its operation and use by any person not licensed under this chapter.

      2.  An ambulance carrying a sick or injured patient must be occupied by a driver and an attendant, each of whom is licensed as an attendant pursuant to this chapter or exempt from licensing pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, except as otherwise provided in subsection 5 or in geographic areas which may be designated by the board and for which the board may prescribe lesser qualifications.

      3.  An air ambulance carrying a sick or injured patient must be occupied by a licensed attendant, or a person exempt from licensing pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, in addition to the pilot of the aircraft.

      4.  The pilot of an air ambulance is not required to have a license under this chapter.

      5.  A person who operates or uses a vehicle owned by a fire-fighting agency is not required to be licensed under this chapter, except that such a vehicle may not be used to provide intermediate or advanced medical care to sick or injured persons:

      (a) At the scene of an emergency unless at least one person in the vehicle is licensed to provide the care; or

      (b) While transporting those persons to a medical facility unless at least two persons in the vehicle are licensed to provide the care.

      6.  Nothing in this section precludes the operation of an aircraft in this State in a manner other than as an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 320; 2001, 999; 2013, 620)

      NRS 450B.260  Operation of ambulance, air ambulance or fire-fighting vehicle used to provide certain medical care without licensed driver and attendant prohibited; exceptions. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the public or private owner of an ambulance or air ambulance or a fire-fighting agency which owns a vehicle used in providing medical care to sick or injured persons at the scene of an emergency or while transporting those persons to a medical facility shall not permit its operation and use by any person not licensed under this chapter.

      2.  An ambulance carrying a sick or injured patient must be occupied by a driver and an attendant, each of whom is licensed as an attendant pursuant to this chapter or exempt from licensing pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, except as otherwise provided in subsection 5 or in geographic areas which may be designated by the board and for which the board may prescribe lesser qualifications.

      3.  An air ambulance carrying a sick or injured patient must be occupied by a licensed attendant, or a person exempt from licensing pursuant to subsection 6 of NRS 450B.160, in addition to the pilot of the aircraft.

      4.  The pilot of an air ambulance is not required to have a license under this chapter.

      5.  A person who operates or uses a vehicle owned by a fire-fighting agency is not required to be licensed under this chapter, except that such a vehicle may not be used to provide the level of medical care provided by an advanced emergency medical technician or paramedic to sick or injured persons:

      (a) At the scene of an emergency unless at least one person in the vehicle is licensed to provide the care; or

      (b) While transporting those persons to a medical facility unless at least two persons in the vehicle are licensed to provide the care.

      6.  Nothing in this section precludes the operation of an aircraft in this State in a manner other than as an air ambulance.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1699; 1993, 320; 2001, 999; 2013, 620, 947, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.265  Offering advanced emergency care without permit prohibited; exception. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a fire-fighting agency or an owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance shall not represent, advertise or imply that it:

      (a) Is authorized to provide advanced emergency care; or

      (b) Uses the services of an advanced emergency medical technician,

Ê unless the service has a currently valid permit to provide advanced emergency care issued by the health authority.

      2.  Any service in a county whose population is less than 700,000, that holds a valid permit for the operation of an ambulance but is not authorized by the health authority to provide advanced emergency care may represent, for billing purposes, that its ambulance provided advanced emergency care if:

      (a) A registered nurse employed by a hospital rendered advanced emergency care to a patient being transferred from the hospital by the ambulance; and

      (b) The equipment deemed necessary by the health authority for the provision of advanced emergency care was on board the ambulance at the time the registered nurse rendered advanced emergency care.

      3.  A hospital that employs a registered nurse who renders the care described in subsection 2 is entitled to reasonable reimbursement for the services rendered by the nurse.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 71; A 1985, 1700; 1987, 2213; 1989, 286, 1936; 1993, 2836; 2011, 1274)

      NRS 450B.265  Offering level of emergency care provided by paramedic without permit prohibited; exception. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a fire-fighting agency or an owner, operator, director or chief officer of an ambulance shall not represent, advertise or imply that it:

      (a) Is authorized to provide the level of emergency care provided by a paramedic; or

      (b) Uses the services of a paramedic,

Ê unless the service has a currently valid permit to provide the level of emergency care provided by a paramedic issued by the health authority.

      2.  Any service in a county whose population is less than 700,000, that holds a valid permit for the operation of an ambulance but is not authorized by the health authority to provide the level of emergency care provided by a paramedic may represent, for billing purposes, that its ambulance provided emergency care by a paramedic if:

      (a) A registered nurse employed by a hospital rendered the level of emergency care provided by a paramedic to a patient being transferred from the hospital by the ambulance; and

      (b) The equipment deemed necessary by the health authority for the provision of the level of emergency care provided by a paramedic was on board the ambulance at the time the registered nurse rendered the emergency care.

      3.  A hospital that employs a registered nurse who renders the care described in subsection 2 is entitled to reasonable reimbursement for the services rendered by the nurse.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 71; A 1985, 1700; 1987, 2213; 1989, 286, 1936; 1993, 2836; 2011, 1274; 2013, 947, effective January 1, 2014)

SAFETY OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE EMPLOYEES CONCERNING EXPOSURE TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES

      NRS 450B.340  Designation of officer to receive notifications and responses and make requests on behalf of emergency response employees.  Each employer of emergency response employees in this State shall designate at least one employee to serve as a designated officer to receive notifications and responses and make requests on behalf of its emergency response employees pursuant to NRS 450B.340 to 450B.390, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.350  Duty of medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner to notify designated officer if victim transported has infectious disease; time and contents for notification.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 441A.195, if a victim of an emergency is transported by emergency response employees to a medical facility and the medical facility determines that the victim has an infectious disease, the medical facility shall notify a designated officer of the emergency response employees of that determination.

      2.  If a victim of an emergency is transported by emergency response employees to a medical facility, the victim dies at or before reaching the medical facility and the county coroner or medical examiner of the county in which the victim dies, as applicable, determines the cause of death of the victim, the county coroner or medical examiner shall notify a designated officer of the emergency response employees of any determination by the county coroner or medical examiner that the victim had an infectious disease.

      3.  The medical facility to which the victim is transported or the county coroner or medical examiner of the county in which the victim dies, as applicable, shall cause the notification required by subsection 1 or 2, as appropriate, to be made as soon as practicable, but not later than 48 hours after the determination is made.

      4.  The notification must include, without limitation:

      (a) The name of the infectious disease to which the emergency response employees may have been exposed; and

      (b) The date on which the victim of the emergency was transported by the emergency response employees to the medical facility.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.360  Determination of possible exposure of emergency response employee to infectious disease; request for response from medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 441A.195, if an emergency response employee believes that he or she may have been exposed to an infectious disease by a victim of an emergency who was transported, attended, treated or assisted by the emergency response employee, a designated officer of the employee shall, upon the request of the employee, make an initial determination of the possible exposure of the employee to an infectious disease by:

      (a) Collecting the facts relating to the circumstances under which the employee may have been exposed to an infectious disease; and

      (b) Evaluating the facts to determine whether the victim had an infectious disease and whether the employee may have been exposed to the disease.

      2.  If a designated officer determines that an emergency response employee may have been exposed to an infectious disease, the designated officer shall submit to the medical facility to which the victim was transported or the county coroner or medical examiner of the county in which the victim died, as applicable, a written request for a response.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 911)

      NRS 450B.370  Response of medical facility or county coroner or medical examiner.

      1.  If a medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner, as applicable, receives a written request for a response pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 450B.360, the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner shall, as soon as practicable but not later than 48 hours after receiving the request, evaluate the facts submitted in the request and determine whether the emergency response employee was exposed to an infectious disease.

      2.  If the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner, as applicable, determines that the emergency response employee may have been exposed or was not exposed to an infectious disease or that insufficient information exists for a determination to be made, the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner shall notify, in writing, the designated officer who submitted the request.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 912)

      NRS 450B.375  Procedure upon notification that insufficient information exists to determine whether emergency response employee was exposed to infectious disease; request for further evaluation; duties of health officer.

      1.  If a designated officer receives a notice from a medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner, as applicable, pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 450B.370 that insufficient information exists for the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner to make a determination of whether an emergency response employee was exposed to an infectious disease, the designated officer may submit a request for further evaluation to the health officer in whose jurisdiction the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner is located. A request submitted pursuant to this subsection must include the original request for a written response submitted by the designated officer pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 450B.360.

      2.  If a health officer receives a request for further evaluation pursuant to subsection 1, the health officer shall evaluate the request and the request for a written response submitted by the designated officer pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 450B.360. An evaluation conducted pursuant to this subsection must be completed as soon as practicable but not later than 48 hours after the request for further evaluation is received.

      3.  If an evaluation conducted pursuant to subsection 2 indicates that the facts provided to the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner, as applicable, were:

      (a) Sufficient to determine that an emergency response employee was exposed to an infectious disease, the health officer shall, on behalf of the designated officer, resubmit the request to the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner; or

      (b) Insufficient to determine that an emergency response employee was exposed to an infectious disease, the health officer shall advise the designated officer in writing regarding the collection and description of additional facts for further evaluation by the medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner pursuant to NRS 450B.370.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 912)

      NRS 450B.380  Notice to emergency response employee of possible exposure to infectious disease.

      1.  If a designated officer receives a notice from a medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner, as applicable, pursuant to NRS 450B.370 that an emergency response employee may have been exposed to an infectious disease, the designated officer shall, as soon as is practicable after receiving the notice, notify each emergency response employee who responded to the emergency and may have been exposed to an infectious disease.

      2.  The notification must include, without limitation:

      (a) A statement indicating that the emergency response employee may have been exposed to an infectious disease;

      (b) The name of the infectious disease;

      (c) The date on which the victim of the emergency was transported by the emergency response employee to the medical facility; and

      (d) Any action that is medically appropriate for the emergency response employee to take.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 913)

      NRS 450B.390  Limitations on effect of NRS 450B.340 to 450B.390, inclusive.  The provisions of NRS 450B.340 to 450B.390, inclusive, must not be construed to:

      1.  Authorize any cause of action for damages or any civil penalty against a medical facility, county coroner, medical examiner or designated officer that fails to comply with any requirement of those provisions.

      2.  Require or authorize a medical facility, county coroner or medical examiner to test a victim of an emergency for the presence of an infectious disease.

      3.  Require or authorize a medical facility, county coroner, medical examiner, designated officer or emergency response employee to disclose the identity of or identifying information about a victim of an emergency or an emergency response employee.

      4.  Authorize an emergency response employee to fail to respond or deny services to a victim of an emergency.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 913)

WITHHOLDING LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT

      NRS 450B.400  Definitions.  As used in NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 450B.405 to 450B.475, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 287; A 2001, 815)

      NRS 450B.405  “Attending physician” defined.  “Attending physician” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 449.550.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 814)

      NRS 450B.410  “Do-not-resuscitate identification” defined.  “Do-not-resuscitate identification” means:

      1.  A form of identification approved by the health authority, which signifies that:

      (a) A person is a qualified patient who wishes not to be resuscitated in the event of cardiac or respiratory arrest; or

      (b) The patient’s attending physician has:

             (1) Issued a do-not-resuscitate order for the patient;

             (2) Obtained the written approval of the patient concerning the order; and

             (3) Documented the grounds for the order in the patient’s medical record.

      2.  The term also includes a valid do-not-resuscitate identification issued under the laws of another state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 287)

      NRS 450B.420  “Do-not-resuscitate order” defined.  “Do-not-resuscitate order” means a written directive issued by a physician licensed in this state that emergency life-resuscitating treatment must not be administered to a qualified patient. The term also includes a valid do-not-resuscitate order issued under the laws of another state.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288)

      NRS 450B.430  “Do-not-resuscitate protocol” defined.  “Do-not-resuscitate protocol” means the standardized procedure and guidelines established by the board for the withholding of emergency life-resuscitating treatment in compliance with a do-not-resuscitate order or a do-not-resuscitate identification.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 1999, 45)

      NRS 450B.440  “Health care facility” defined.  “Health care facility” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 162A.740.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 2009, 210)

      NRS 450B.450  “Life-resuscitating treatment” defined.  “Life-resuscitating treatment” means cardiopulmonary resuscitation or a component of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including chest compressions, defibrillation, cardioversion, assisted ventilation, airway intubation or administration of cardiotonic drugs.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288)

      NRS 450B.460  “Person who administers emergency medical services” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Person who administers emergency medical services” means a paid or volunteer firefighter, law enforcement officer, emergency medical technician, ambulance attendant or other person trained to provide emergency medical services.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288)

      NRS 450B.460  “Person who administers emergency medical services” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Person who administers emergency medical services” means a paid or volunteer firefighter, law enforcement officer, emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, paramedic, ambulance attendant or other person trained to provide emergency medical services.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 2013, 948, effective January 1, 2014)

    NRS 450B.470  “Qualified patient” defined.  “Qualified patient” means:

      1.  A patient 18 years of age or older who has been determined by the patient’s attending physician to be in a terminal condition and who:

      (a) Has executed a declaration in accordance with the requirements of NRS 449.600;

      (b) Has executed a Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment form pursuant to NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, if the form provides that the patient is not to receive life-resuscitating treatment; or

      (c) Has been issued a do-not-resuscitate order pursuant to NRS 450B.510.

      2.  A patient who is less than 18 years of age and who:

      (a) Has been determined by the patient’s attending physician to be in a terminal condition; and

      (b) Has executed a Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment form pursuant to NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, if the form provides that the patient is not to receive life-resuscitating treatment or has been issued a do-not-resuscitate order pursuant to NRS 450B.510.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 2001, 815; 2013, 2290)

      NRS 450B.475  “Terminal condition” defined.  “Terminal condition” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 449.590.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 814)

      NRS 450B.480  Applicability.  The provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, apply only to emergency medical services administered to a qualified patient:

      1.  Before he or she is admitted to a medical facility; or

      2.  While the qualified patient is being prepared to be transferred, or is being transferred, from one health care facility to another health care facility.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 2001, 816)

      NRS 450B.490  Adoption of regulations; fee for do-not-resuscitate identification.

      1.  The board shall adopt regulations to carry out the provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive. The regulations must establish:

      (a) A do-not-resuscitate protocol; and

      (b) The procedure to apply for a do-not-resuscitate identification.

      2.  The board may establish a fee for:

      (a) A do-not-resuscitate identification to be collected by the health authority. The fee may not exceed the actual cost to the health authority of:

             (1) Manufacturing or obtaining the identification from a manufacturer, including the cost of shipping and handling; and

             (2) Engraving the identification.

      (b) The issuance of a bracelet or medallion which indicates that a do-not-resuscitate identification has been issued to a qualified patient.

      3.  In the case of a district board of health, such regulations take effect immediately upon approval by the State Board of Health.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288; A 1999, 45; 2001, 816; 2005, 2475)

      NRS 450B.500  Do-not-resuscitate identification: Contents.  Each do-not-resuscitate identification issued by the health authority must include, without limitation:

      1.  An identification number that is unique to the qualified patient to whom the identification is issued;

      2.  The name and date of birth of the patient; and

      3.  The name of the attending physician of the patient.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 288)

      NRS 450B.505  Do-not-resuscitate identification: Manufacture and issuance of bracelet or medallion.  The board may enter into an agreement for the manufacture of a bracelet or medallion to be worn by a qualified patient which indicates that the qualified patient has been issued a do-not-resuscitate identification. Such a bracelet or medallion may be issued to a qualified patient in addition to, and not in lieu of, the do-not-resuscitate identification.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 814)

      NRS 450B.510  Written do-not-resuscitate orders: Issued only to qualified patients; physician authorized to apply for identification.

      1.  A physician licensed in this state may issue a written do-not-resuscitate order only to a patient who has been determined to be in a terminal condition.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the order is effective only if the patient has agreed to its terms, in writing, while the patient is capable of making an informed decision.

      3.  If the patient is a minor, the order is effective only if:

      (a) The parent or legal guardian of the minor has agreed to its terms, in writing; and

      (b) The minor has agreed to its terms, in writing, while the minor is capable of making an informed decision if, in the opinion of the attending physician, the minor is of sufficient maturity to understand the nature and effect of withholding life-resuscitating treatment.

      4.  A physician who issues a do-not-resuscitate order may apply, on behalf of the patient, to the health authority for a do-not-resuscitate identification for that patient.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 289; A 2001, 816)

      NRS 450B.520  Application for do-not-resuscitate identification: Form; requirements.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 450B.525:

      1.  A qualified patient may apply to the health authority for a do-not-resuscitate identification by submitting an application on a form provided by the health authority. To obtain a do-not-resuscitate identification, the patient must comply with the requirements prescribed by the board and sign a form which states that the patient has informed each member of his or her family within the first degree of consanguinity or affinity, whose whereabouts are known to the patient, or if no such members are living, the patient’s legal guardian, if any, or if he or she has no such members living and has no legal guardian, his or her caretaker, if any, of the patient’s decision to apply for an identification.

      2.  An application must include, without limitation:

      (a) Certification by the patient’s attending physician that the patient suffers from a terminal condition;

      (b) Certification by the patient’s attending physician that the patient is capable of making an informed decision or, when the patient was capable of making an informed decision, that the patient:

             (1) Executed:

                   (I) A written directive that life-resuscitating treatment be withheld under certain circumstances;

                   (II) A durable power of attorney for health care pursuant to NRS 162A.700 to 162A.860, inclusive; or

                   (III) A Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment form pursuant to NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, if the form provides that the patient is not to receive life-resuscitating treatment; or

             (2) Was issued a do-not-resuscitate order pursuant to NRS 450B.510;

      (c) A statement that the patient does not wish that life-resuscitating treatment be undertaken in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest;

      (d) The name, signature and telephone number of the patient’s attending physician; and

      (e) The name and signature of the patient or the agent who is authorized to make health care decisions on the patient’s behalf pursuant to a durable power of attorney for health care decisions.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 289; A 1999, 45; 2001, 817; 2009, 210; 2013, 2290)

      NRS 450B.525  Application for do-not-resuscitate identification on behalf of minor: Requirements; form; revocation by parent or legal guardian of authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment; effect when minor is of sufficient maturity.

      1.  A parent or legal guardian of a minor may apply to the health authority for a do-not-resuscitate identification on behalf of the minor if the minor has been:

      (a) Determined by his or her attending physician to be in a terminal condition; and

      (b) Issued a do-not-resuscitate order pursuant to NRS 450B.510.

      2.  To obtain such a do-not-resuscitate identification, the parent or legal guardian must:

      (a) Submit an application on a form provided by the health authority; and

      (b) Comply with the requirements prescribed by the board.

      3.  An application submitted pursuant to subsection 2 must include, without limitation:

      (a) Certification by the minor’s attending physician that the minor:

             (1) Suffers from a terminal condition; and

             (2) Has executed a Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment form pursuant to NRS 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive, if the form provides that the minor is not to receive life-resuscitating treatment or has been issued a do-not-resuscitate order pursuant to NRS 450B.510;

      (b) A statement that the parent or legal guardian of the minor does not wish that life-resuscitating treatment be undertaken in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest;

      (c) The name of the minor;

      (d) The name, signature and telephone number of the minor’s attending physician; and

      (e) The name, signature and telephone number of the minor’s parent or legal guardian.

      4.  The parent or legal guardian of the minor may revoke the authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment by removing or destroying or requesting the removal or destruction of the identification or otherwise indicating to a person that he or she wishes to have the identification removed or destroyed.

      5.  If, in the opinion of the attending physician, the minor is of sufficient maturity to understand the nature and effect of withholding life-resuscitating treatment:

      (a) The do-not-resuscitate identification obtained pursuant to this section is not effective without the assent of the minor.

      (b) The minor may revoke the authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment by removing or destroying or requesting the removal or destruction of the identification or otherwise indicating to a person that the minor wishes to have the identification removed or destroyed.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 815; A 2013, 2291)

      NRS 450B.530  Revocation of authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 450B.525, a qualified patient who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification may revoke his or her authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment by removing or destroying or requesting the removal or destruction of his or her identification or otherwise indicating to a person that the patient wishes to have the identification removed or destroyed.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 289; A 2001, 817)

      NRS 450B.540  Person not guilty of unprofessional conduct or subject to liability for withholding or providing life-resuscitating treatment under certain circumstances.

      1.  A person is not guilty of unprofessional conduct or subject to civil or criminal liability if the person:

      (a) Is a physician who:

             (1) Causes the withholding of life-resuscitating treatment from a qualified patient who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol; or

             (2) While the patient is being prepared to be transferred, or is being transferred, from one health care facility to another health care facility, carries out a do-not-resuscitate order that is documented in the medical record of a qualified patient, in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol;

      (b) Pursuant to the direction of or with the authorization of a physician, participates in:

             (1) The withholding of life-resuscitating treatment from a qualified patient who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol; or

             (2) While the patient is being prepared to be transferred, or is being transferred, from one health care facility to another health care facility, carrying out a do-not-resuscitate order that is documented in the medical record of a qualified patient, in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol; or

      (c) Administers emergency medical services and:

             (1) Causes or participates in the withholding of life-resuscitating treatment from a qualified patient who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification;

             (2) Before a qualified patient is admitted to a medical facility, carries out a do-not-resuscitate order that has been issued in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol; or

             (3) While the patient is being prepared to be transferred, or is being transferred, from one health care facility to another health care facility, carries out a do-not-resuscitate order that is documented in the medical record of a qualified patient, in accordance with the do-not-resuscitate protocol.

      2.  A health care facility, ambulance service or fire-fighting agency that employs a person described in subsection 1 is not guilty of unprofessional conduct or subject to civil or criminal liability for the acts or omissions of the employee carried out in accordance with the provisions of subsection 1.

      3.  A physician, a person pursuant to the direction or authorization of a physician, a health care facility or a person administering emergency medical services who provides life-resuscitating treatment pursuant to:

      (a) An oral or written request made by a qualified patient, or the parent or legal guardian of a qualified patient, who may revoke the authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment pursuant to NRS 450B.525 or 450B.530; or

      (b) An observation that a qualified patient, or the parent or legal guardian of a qualified patient, has revoked or otherwise indicated that he or she wishes to revoke the authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment pursuant to NRS 450B.525 or 450B.530,

Ê is not guilty of unprofessional conduct or subject to civil or criminal liability.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 289; A 2001, 817)

      NRS 450B.550  Person who administers emergency medical services required to comply with do-not-resuscitate protocol; exception.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a person who administers emergency medical services shall comply with do-not-resuscitate protocol when the person observes a do-not-resuscitate identification or carries out a do-not-resuscitate order.

      2.  A person who administers emergency medical services and who is unwilling or unable to comply with the do-not-resuscitate protocol shall take all reasonable measures to transfer a qualified patient who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification or has been issued a do-not-resuscitate order to a physician or health care facility in which the do-not-resuscitate protocol may be followed.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 290; A 2001, 818)

      NRS 450B.560  Assumption that do-not-resuscitate identification is valid.

      1.  Unless he or she has knowledge to the contrary, a physician, any other provider of health care or any person who administers emergency medical services may assume that a do-not-resuscitate identification complies with the provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, and is valid.

      2.  The provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, do not create a presumption concerning the intention of a:

      (a) Qualified patient or a parent or legal guardian of a qualified patient who has revoked authorization to withhold life-resuscitating treatment pursuant to NRS 450B.525 or 450B.530; or

      (b) Person who has not obtained a do-not-resuscitate identification,

Ê concerning the use or withholding of life-resuscitating treatment in a life-threatening emergency.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 290; A 2001, 819)

      NRS 450B.570  Resulting death not suicide or homicide; life insurance or annuity not affected by possession of do-not-resuscitate identification or issuance of do-not-resuscitate order; prohibition or requirement of possession of do-not-resuscitate identification or issuance of do-not-resuscitate order not allowed in connection with health care.

      1.  Death that results when life-resuscitating treatment has been withheld pursuant to the do-not-resuscitate protocol and in accordance with the provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, does not constitute a suicide or homicide.

      2.  The possession of a do-not-resuscitate identification or the issuance of a do-not-resuscitate order does not affect the sale, procurement or issuance of a policy of life insurance or an annuity or impair or modify the terms of a policy of life insurance or an annuity. A policy of life insurance or an annuity is not legally impaired or invalidated if life-resuscitating treatment has been withheld from an insured who possesses a do-not-resuscitate identification or has been issued a do-not-resuscitate order, notwithstanding any term in the policy or annuity to the contrary.

      3.  A person may not prohibit or require the possession of a do-not-resuscitate identification or the issuance of a do-not-resuscitate order as a condition of being insured for, or receiving, health care.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 290; A 2001, 819)

      NRS 450B.580  Unlawful acts; penalty.

      1.  It is unlawful for:

      (a) A person who administers emergency medical services to fail willfully to transfer a qualified patient in accordance with the provisions of NRS 450B.550.

      (b) A person purposely to conceal, cancel, deface or obliterate a do-not-resuscitate identification of a qualified patient, unless it is done in compliance with a request of the qualified patient or a parent or legal guardian of the qualified patient to remove or destroy the do-not-resuscitate identification pursuant to NRS 450B.525 or 450B.530.

      (c) A person to falsify or forge the do-not-resuscitate identification of a qualified patient or purposely to conceal or withhold personal knowledge of the revocation of a do-not-resuscitate identification with the intent to cause the use, withholding or withdrawal of life-resuscitating treatment.

      2.  A person who violates any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 291; A 2001, 819)

      NRS 450B.590  Limitations on effect of provisions.  The provisions of NRS 450B.400 to 450B.590, inclusive, do not:

      1.  Require a physician or other provider of health care to take action contrary to reasonable medical standards;

      2.  Condone, authorize or approve mercy killing, euthanasia or assisted suicide;

      3.  Substitute for any other legally authorized procedure by which a person may direct that the person not be resuscitated in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest;

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 449.6946, affect or impair any right created pursuant to the provisions of NRS 449.535 to 449.690, inclusive, or 449.691 to 449.697, inclusive; or

      5.  Affect the right of a qualified patient to make decisions concerning the use of life-resuscitating treatment, if he or she is able to do so, or impair or supersede a right or responsibility of a person to affect the withholding of medical care in a lawful manner.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 291; A 2013, 2292)

AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS

      NRS 450B.595  “Automated external defibrillator” and “defibrillator” defined.  Repealed. (See chapter 358, Statutes of Nevada 2013, at page 1872.)

 

      NRS 450B.600  Required to be placed in certain public buildings and locations; inspection and maintenance; training on operation and use.

      1.  Not later than July 1, 2004, and thereafter:

      (a) The board of trustees of a school district in a county whose population is 100,000 or more shall ensure that at least one automated external defibrillator is placed in a central location at each high school within the district.

      (b) The Reno-Tahoe Airport Authority shall ensure that at least three automated external defibrillators are placed in central locations at the largest airport within the county.

      (c) The board of county commissioners of each county whose population is 700,000 or more shall ensure that at least seven automated external defibrillators are placed in central locations at the largest airport within the county.

      (d) The Board of Regents of the University of Nevada shall ensure that at least two automated external defibrillators are placed in central locations at each of:

             (1) The largest indoor sporting arena or events center controlled by the University in a county whose population is 100,000 or more but less than 700,000; and

             (2) The largest indoor sporting arena or events center controlled by the University in a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      (e) The Division shall ensure that at least one automated external defibrillator is placed in a central location at each of the following state buildings:

             (1) The Capitol Building in Carson City;

             (2) The Legislative Building in Carson City; and

             (3) The Grant Sawyer Building in Las Vegas.

      (f) The board of county commissioners of each county whose population is 100,000 or more shall:

             (1) Identify five county buildings or offices in each of their respective counties which are characterized by large amounts of pedestrian traffic or which house one or more county agencies that provide services to large numbers of persons; and

             (2) Ensure that at least one automated external defibrillator is placed in a central location at each county building or office identified pursuant to subparagraph (1).

      2.  Each governmental entity that is required to ensure the placement of one or more automated external defibrillators pursuant to subsection 1:

      (a) May accept gifts, grants and donations for use in obtaining, inspecting and maintaining the defibrillators;

      (b) Shall ensure that those defibrillators are inspected and maintained on a regular basis; and

      (c) Shall encourage the entity where the automated external defibrillator is placed to require any employee who will use the automated external defibrillator to successfully complete the training requirements of a course in basic emergency care of a person in cardiac arrest that includes training in the operation and use of an automated external defibrillator and is conducted in accordance with the standards of the American Heart Association, the American National Red Cross or any similar organization.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 2464; A 2009, 779; 2011, 1274)

      NRS 450B.610  Maintenance of database by Division; disclosure of information in database; duties of manufacturer; registration of defibrillator; civil penalty for violation.

      1.  The Division shall:

      (a) Within the limitations of available funding, establish and maintain a database containing:

             (1) The name and address of each person who owns an automated external defibrillator for commercial use in this State;

             (2) If the defibrillator has been registered with the Division pursuant to subsection 4, the name, street address and telephone number of the business or organization that has placed the defibrillator for use on its premises, and the specific location at which the defibrillator is stored; and

             (3) If the defibrillator has been registered with the Division pursuant to subsection 5, the information concerning the defibrillator that was required for registration by the Division.

      (b) Make the information in the database available to each agency and facility that employs an emergency medical dispatcher in this State.

      (c) Apply for and accept any gifts, grants or donations to establish and maintain the database.

      2.  An emergency medical dispatcher may disclose the information in the database to any person for the purpose of providing emergency medical care.

      3.  A manufacturer that sells an automated external defibrillator for commercial use in this State shall:

      (a) Notify the purchaser in writing of the opportunity to register the defibrillator pursuant to subsection 4;

      (b) On or before January 10, April 10, July 10 and October 10 of each year, notify the Division of the name and address of each person who purchased such a defibrillator from the manufacturer during the immediately preceding 3 calendar months; and

      (c) Provide to each person who purchases such a defibrillator from the manufacturer information regarding the installation, use, maintenance and operation of the defibrillator and any related training that is available.

      4.  A person who purchases an automated external defibrillator for commercial use in this State may register the defibrillator with the Division by providing the Division with the person’s name, street address and telephone number, the name, street address and telephone number of the business or organization on whose premises the defibrillator will be placed for use, and the specific location at which the defibrillator will be stored.

      5.  A person who owns an automated external defibrillator for use in a private residence may register the defibrillator with the Division by providing such information concerning the defibrillator as required by the Division.

      6.  The Division may impose a civil penalty upon a manufacturer of not more than $500 for each violation of this section by the manufacturer. All money collected from the imposition of a civil penalty must be used for the maintenance of the database established pursuant to subsection 1.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 777)

      NRS 450B.620  Placement and maintenance by school districts, health clubs and medical facilities; training of employees.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 450B.600, the board of trustees of each school district in this State, to the extent that money is available, may provide for the placement of an automated external defibrillator in each public school in the school district and at each athletic facility maintained by the school district at a location that is separate from a public school. Each defibrillator must be appropriate for use on children and adults and be limited to use on school property and at school events. The board of trustees may accept:

      (a) The donation of a defibrillator that complies with the standards established by the United States Food and Drug Administration; and

      (b) Gifts, grants and donations for use in obtaining, inspecting and maintaining a defibrillator.

      2.  Each medical facility and health club in this State may provide for the placement of an automated external defibrillator in a central location at the medical facility or health club.

      3.  Each school district, medical facility and health club that provides for the placement of one or more automated external defibrillators pursuant to this section shall:

      (a) Ensure that each defibrillator is inspected and maintained on a regular basis; and

      (b) Require any employee who will use a defibrillator to complete the training requirements of a course in basic emergency care of a person in cardiac arrest that includes training in the operation and use of an automated external defibrillator and is conducted in accordance with the standards of the American Heart Association, the American National Red Cross or any similar organization.

      4.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Health club” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 598.9415.

      (b) “Medical facility” means:

             (1) A facility for hospice care as defined in NRS 449.0033;

             (2) A facility for intermediate care as defined in NRS 449.0038;

             (3) A facility for skilled nursing as defined in NRS 449.0039;

             (4) A hospital as defined in NRS 449.012;

             (5) An independent center for emergency medical care as defined in NRS 449.013; or

             (6) A surgical center for ambulatory patients as defined in NRS 449.019.

      (c) “School property” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 701B.350.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 778)

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES AT SPECIAL EVENTS

      NRS 450B.650  Definitions.  As used in NRS 450B.650 to 450B.700, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 450B.655 to 450B.685, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1869)

      NRS 450B.655  “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” means an ambulance equipped to provide advanced life support that:

      1.  Is capable of transporting a patient from a special event to a hospital but, upon delivering the patient, immediately returns to the site of the special event; and

      2.  Is staffed by:

      (a) At least one advanced emergency medical technician and intermediate emergency medical technician; or

      (b) At least two other attendants, each with an equivalent or a higher level of skill than the levels described in paragraph (a).

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1869)

      NRS 450B.655  “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Dedicated advanced life support ambulance” means an ambulance equipped to provide advanced life support that:

      1.  Is capable of transporting a patient from a special event to a hospital but, upon delivering the patient, immediately returns to the site of the special event; and

      2.  Is staffed by:

      (a) At least one advanced emergency medical technician and paramedic; or

      (b) At least two other attendants, each with an equivalent or a higher level of skill than the levels described in paragraph (a).

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1869, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.660  “First-aid station” defined.  “First-aid station” means a fixed location at the site of a special event that is staffed by at least one emergency medical technician or a person with a higher level of skill who is capable of providing emergency medical care within his or her scope of practice.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.665  “Host organization” defined.  “Host organization” means:

      1.  If a permit was obtained for a special event, the person who obtained the permit; or

      2.  If a permit was not obtained for a special event, the person who sponsored the special event.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.670  “Roving emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Roving emergency medical technician team” means a team at the site of a special event that:

      1.  Consists of two or more emergency medical technicians, intermediate emergency medical technicians or advanced emergency medical technicians; and

      2.  Has the medical supplies necessary to provide emergency medical care.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.670  “Roving emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Roving emergency medical technician team” means a team at the site of a special event that:

      1.  Consists of two or more emergency medical technicians, advanced emergency medical technicians or paramedics; and

      2.  Has the medical supplies necessary to provide emergency medical care.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.675  “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]  “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” means a roving emergency medical team that consists of two or more intermediate emergency medical technicians or advanced emergency medical technicians.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.675  “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” defined. [Effective January 1, 2014.]  “Roving intermediate emergency medical technician team” means a roving emergency medical team that consists of two or more advanced emergency medical technicians or paramedics.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.680  “Significant number” defined.  “Significant number” means, with regard to:

      1.  Contacts by emergency medical personnel with persons who attended a special event, the number of contacts is 0.07 percent or more of the total number of persons who attended the special event; and

      2.  Patients transported to a hospital, the number of patients transported from the special event to the hospital by ambulance or private vehicle is 15 percent or more of the total number of contacts at the special event by emergency medical personnel with persons who attended the special event.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.685  “Special event” defined.  “Special event” means a temporary event, including, without limitation, a concert or sporting event, at which 2,500 or more persons are projected to be in attendance at the same time. The term does not include a temporary event held at a location which is designed to host concerts, sporting events, conventions, trade shows and any other similar events and which has permanently established methods for providing first-aid or emergency medical services at the location.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.690  Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain emergency medical services. [Effective through December 31, 2013.]

      1.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if a special event at which 2,500 or more persons but less than 10,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the same time, the host organization shall provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event if:

      (a) The special event is a concert; or

      (b) Three or more of the following factors apply to the special event:

             (1) The special event involves a high-risk activity, including, without limitation, sports or racing.

             (2) The special event poses environmental hazards to persons attending the special event or is held during a period of extreme heat or cold.

             (3) The average age of the persons attending the special event is less than 25 years of age or more than 50 years of age.

             (4) A large number of the persons attending the special event have acute or chronic illnesses.

             (5) Alcohol is sold at the special event or, if the special event has been held before, there is a history of alcohol or drug use by the persons who attended the special event in the past.

             (6) The density of the number of persons attending the special event increases the difficulty regarding:

                   (I) Access to the persons who are attending the special event who require emergency medical care; or

                   (II) The transfer of those persons who require emergency medical care to an ambulance.

      2.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if the host organization meets the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 1 and 10,000 or more persons but less than 15,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the special event at the same time, the host organization shall:

      (a) Provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event and equip the first-aid station with an automated external defibrillator; and

      (b) Provide a roving emergency medical technician team at the site of the special event.

      3.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if the host organization meets the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 1 and 15,000 or more persons but less than 50,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the special event at the same time, the host organization shall:

      (a) Provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event and staff the first-aid station with at least one registered nurse, licensed practical nurse or advanced emergency medical technician in lieu of an emergency medical technician; and

      (b) Provide two or more roving intermediate emergency medical technician teams at the site of the special event.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870)

      NRS 450B.690  Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain emergency medical services. [Effective January 1, 2014.]

      1.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if a special event at which 2,500 or more persons but less than 10,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the same time, the host organization shall provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event if:

      (a) The special event is a concert; or

      (b) Three or more of the following factors apply to the special event:

             (1) The special event involves a high-risk activity, including, without limitation, sports or racing.

             (2) The special event poses environmental hazards to persons attending the special event or is held during a period of extreme heat or cold.

             (3) The average age of the persons attending the special event is less than 25 years of age or more than 50 years of age.

             (4) A large number of the persons attending the special event have acute or chronic illnesses.

             (5) Alcohol is sold at the special event or, if the special event has been held before, there is a history of alcohol or drug use by the persons who attended the special event in the past.

             (6) The density of the number of persons attending the special event increases the difficulty regarding:

                   (I) Access to the persons who are attending the special event who require emergency medical care; or

                   (II) The transfer of those persons who require emergency medical care to an ambulance.

      2.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if the host organization meets the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 1 and 10,000 or more persons but less than 15,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the special event at the same time, the host organization shall:

      (a) Provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event and equip the first-aid station with an automated external defibrillator; and

      (b) Provide a roving emergency medical technician team at the site of the special event.

      3.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if the host organization meets the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 1 and 15,000 or more persons but less than 50,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the special event at the same time, the host organization shall:

      (a) Provide at least one first-aid station at the site of the special event and staff the first-aid station with at least one registered nurse, licensed practical nurse or paramedic in lieu of an emergency medical technician; and

      (b) Provide two or more roving intermediate emergency medical technician teams at the site of the special event.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1870, effective January 1, 2014)

      NRS 450B.695  Host organization of certain special events held in certain larger counties required to provide certain number of dedicated advanced life support ambulances.

      1.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if a special event at which 2,500 or more persons but less than 15,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the same time, the host organization shall provide at least one dedicated advanced life support ambulance at the special event if the special event:

      (a) Is located more than 5 miles from the closest hospital; or

      (b) Has been held before and there is a history of a significant number of:

             (1) Contacts by emergency medical personnel with persons who attended the special event to provide emergency medical care to those persons; or

             (2) Persons who attended the special event who were transported as patients from the special event to a hospital.

      2.  In a county whose population is 100,000 or more, if the host organization meets the requirements of paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection 1 and 15,000 or more persons but less than 50,000 persons are projected to be in attendance at the special event at the same time, the host organization shall provide at least two dedicated advanced life support ambulances at the special event.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1871)

      NRS 450B.700  Host organization of special event at which 50,000 or more persons are projected to be in attendance required to provide certain emergency medical services.  If a special event at which 50,000 or more persons are projected to be in attendance at the same time, the host organization shall provide:

      1.  Two or more first-aid stations at the site of the special event;

      2.  Two or more physicians licensed pursuant to chapter 630 or 633 of NRS;

      3.  Two or more roving emergency medical technician teams; and

      4.  Two or more dedicated advanced life support ambulances.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1871)

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

      NRS 450B.790  Hospital required to ensure that certain persons in need of emergency services are transferred to appropriate places in hospital within 30 minutes after arrival; civil and criminal liability.

      1.  Each hospital in this State which receives a person in need of emergency services and care who has been transported to the hospital by a provider of emergency medical services shall ensure that the person is transferred to a bed, chair, gurney or other appropriate place in the hospital to receive emergency services and care as soon as practicable, but not later than 30 minutes after the time at which the person arrives at the hospital.

      2.  This section does not create a duty of care and is not a ground for civil or criminal liability.

      3.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Emergency services and care” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 439B.410.

      (b) “Hospital” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 449.012.

      (c) “Provider of emergency medical services” means each operator of an ambulance and each fire-fighting agency which has a permit to operate pursuant to this chapter and which provides transportation for persons in need of emergency services and care to hospitals.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1474; A 2007, 2372)

      NRS450B.795  State Board of Health to collect data concerning waiting times for provision of emergency services to certain persons; hospitals and providers of emergency services in certain counties required to participate in collection of data; development of system of collecting data; advisory committees; quarterly report to Legislative Committee on Health Care; expenses; regulations; written request for repeal of section.

      1.  The State Board of Health shall collect data, in accordance with the system that is developed by the Board pursuant to subsection 5, concerning the waiting times for the provision of emergency services and care to each person who is in need of such services and care and who is transported to a hospital by a provider of emergency medical services.

      2.  Each hospital and each provider of emergency medical services in a county whose population is 700,000 or more shall participate in the collection of data pursuant to this section by collecting data, in accordance with the system that is developed by the State Board of Health pursuant to subsection 5, concerning the waiting times for the provision of emergency services and care to each person who is in need of such services and care and who is transported to a hospital by a provider of emergency medical services.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the hospitals and the providers of emergency medical services in a county whose population is less than 700,000 are not required to participate in the collection of data pursuant to this section unless the county health officer, each hospital and each provider of emergency medical services in the county agree in writing that the county will participate in the collection of data. The county health officer shall submit the written agreement to the State Board of Health.

      4.  If the State Board of Health determines, in a county whose population is 100,000 or more but less than 700,000, that there are excessive waiting times at one or more hospitals in the county for the provision of emergency services and care to persons who are in need of such services and care and who have been transported to the hospital by a provider of emergency medical services, the State Board of Health may require the county to implement a system of collecting data pursuant to subsection 5 concerning the extent of waiting times and the circumstances surrounding such waiting times.

      5.  For the purpose of collecting data pursuant to this section, the State Board of Health shall develop a system of collecting data concerning the waiting times of persons for the provision of emergency services and care at a hospital and the surrounding circumstances for such waiting times each time a person is transported to a hospital by a provider of emergency medical services. The system must include, without limitation, an electronic method of recording and collecting the following information:

      (a) The time at which a person arrives at the hospital, which is the time that the person is presented to the emergency room of the hospital;

      (b) The time at which the person is transferred to an appropriate place in the hospital to receive emergency services and care, which is the time that the person is physically present in the appropriate place and the staff of the emergency room of the hospital have received a report concerning the transfer of the person;

      (c) If a person is not transferred to an appropriate place in the hospital to receive emergency services and care within 30 minutes after arriving at the hospital, information detailing the reason for such delay, which may be selected from a predetermined list of possible reasons that are available for selection in the electronic system;

      (d) A unique identifier that is assigned to each transfer of a person to a hospital by a provider of emergency medical services which allows the transfer to be identified and reviewed; and

      (e) The names of the personnel of the provider of emergency medical services who transported the person to the hospital and of the personnel of the hospital who are responsible for the care of the person after the person arrives at the hospital.

      6.  The State Board of Health shall ensure that:

      (a) The data collected pursuant to subsection 5 is reported to the Division on a quarterly basis;

      (b) The data collected pursuant to subsection 5 is available to any person or entity participating in the collection of data pursuant to this section; and

      (c) The system of collecting data developed pursuant to subsection 5 and all other aspects of the collection comply with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, Public Law 104-191.

      7.  The State Board of Health shall appoint for each county in which hospitals and providers of emergency medical services are participating in the collection of data pursuant to this section an advisory committee consisting of the health officer of the county, a representative of each hospital in the county and a representative of each provider of emergency medical services in the county. Each member of the advisory committee serves without compensation and is not entitled to receive a per diem allowance or travel expenses for the member’s service on the advisory committee. Each advisory committee shall:

      (a) Meet not less than once each calendar quarter;

      (b) Review the data that is collected for the county and submitted to the State Board of Health concerning the waiting times for the provision of emergency services and care, the manner in which such data was collected and any circumstances surrounding such waiting times;

      (c) Review each incident in which a person was transferred to an appropriate place in a hospital to receive emergency services and care more than 30 minutes after arriving at the hospital; and

      (d) Submit a report of its findings to the State Board of Health.

      8.  The State Board of Health may delegate its duties set forth in this section to:

      (a) The district board of health in a county whose population is 700,000 or more.

      (b) The county or district board of health in a county whose population is less than 700,000.

      9.  The State Board of Health or any county or district board of health that is performing the duties of the State Board of Health pursuant to subsection 8 shall submit a quarterly report to the Legislative Committee on Health Care, which must include a written compilation of the data collected pursuant to this section.

      10.  The State Board of Health may require each hospital and provider of emergency medical services located in a county that participates in the collection of data pursuant to this section to share in the expense of purchasing hardware, software, equipment and other resources necessary to carry out the collection of data pursuant to this section.

      11.  The State Board of Health shall adopt regulations to carry out the provisions of this section, including, without limitation, regulations prescribing the duties and responsibilities of each:

      (a) County or district board of health that is performing the duties of the State Board of Health pursuant to subsection 8;

      (b) Hospital located in a county that participates in the collection of data pursuant to this section; and

      (c) Provider of emergency medical services located in a county whose population is less than 700,000 that participates in the collection of data pursuant to this section.

      12.  The district board of health in each county whose population is 700,000 or more shall adopt regulations consistent with subsection 11 for providers of emergency medical services located in the county to carry out the provisions of this section.

      13.  The State Board of Health may, in consultation with each hospital and provider of emergency medical services located in a county that participates in the collection of data pursuant to this section, submit a written request to the Director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau for transmission to a regular session of the Legislature for the repeal of this section. Such a written request must include the justifications and reasons for requesting the termination of the collection of data pursuant to this section.

      14.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Emergency services and care” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 439B.410.

      (b) “Hospital” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 449.012.

      (c) “Provider of emergency medical services” means each operator of an ambulance and each fire-fighting agency which has a permit to operate pursuant to this chapter and which provides transportation for persons in need of emergency services and care to hospitals.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 2369; A 2011, 1275)

      NRS 450B.800  Fingerprints of applicant.  An applicant for any permit, license or certificate issued pursuant to this chapter shall furnish to the health authority a complete set of the applicant’s fingerprints and written permission authorizing the health authority to forward those fingerprints to the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for its report. The health authority may exchange with the Federal Bureau of Investigation any information respecting the fingerprints of an applicant.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 278; A 1993, 2837; 2003, 2850)

      NRS 450B.810  Maintenance, inspection and compilation of information.  Each holder of a permit shall maintain accurate records upon such forms as may be provided by the health authority and containing such information as may be reasonably required by the board concerning the care or transportation of each patient, or both, within this state and beyond its limits. These records must be available for inspection by the health authority at any reasonable time and copies thereof must be furnished to the health authority upon request. This record does not constitute a diagnosis, and a legal signature is not required on forms dealing with the type of injury sustained by a particular patient. The health authority shall compile and provide a summary of this information.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1145; A 1985, 1700; 1993, 2837)

      NRS 450B.820  Local requirements for franchise or permit are not superseded.  The issuance of a permit does not authorize any person, firm, corporation or association to provide ambulance services or to operate an ambulance without a franchise or permit in any county or incorporated city which has enacted an ordinance making it unlawful to do so.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1146)

      NRS 450B.830  Exemptions from chapter.  The following are exempted from the provisions of this chapter:

      1.  The occasional use of a vehicle or aircraft to transport injured or sick persons, which vehicle or aircraft is not ordinarily used in the business of transporting persons who are sick or injured.

      2.  A vehicle or aircraft rendering services as an ambulance or air ambulance in case of a major catastrophe or emergency if ambulance or air ambulance services with permits are insufficient to render the services required.

      3.  Persons rendering service as attendants in case of a major catastrophe or emergency if licensed attendants cannot be secured.

      4.  Ambulances based outside this State.

      5.  Air ambulances based outside this State which:

      (a) Deliver patients from a location outside this State to a location within this State; and

      (b) Do not receive any patients within this State.

      6.  Attendants based outside this State rendering service solely on ambulances which are exempt from the provisions of this chapter.

      7.  Attendants rendering service solely on air ambulances which are exempt from the provisions of this chapter.

      8.  Vehicles owned and operated by search and rescue organizations chartered by the State as corporations not for profit or otherwise existing as nonprofit associations which are not regularly used to transport injured or sick persons except as part of rescue operations.

      9.  Ambulances or air ambulances owned and operated by an agency of the United States Government.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1146; A 1987, 2213; 1991, 1918; 2013, 621)

      NRS 450B.840  Operation of ambulance or fire-fighting agency by county or city subject to provisions of chapter.  No county or city may operate an ambulance or contract to have another operate an ambulance or provide for the operation of a fire-fighting agency in violation of this chapter or the regulations adopted under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1146; A 1985, 1700)

      NRS 450B.850  Programs for training.  The health authority may operate training programs and may contract with others to operate training programs for ambulance attendants, ambulance service operators, firefighters, law enforcement officers, physicians, nurses and others in emergency first aid, emergency care and any other techniques associated with emergency care, transportation and treatment of the sick and injured and the proper operation of an ambulance service.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1146; A 1993, 2837; 2005, 334)

      NRS 450B.860  Volunteer ambulance drivers and attendants: Discharge from employment; civil action; disclosure to employer.

      1.  Any person or other entity who is an employer or is vested with the power to discharge or recommend the discharge of a person who serves as a volunteer ambulance driver or attendant shall not deprive the person performing that service of his or her employment as a consequence of his or her action as a volunteer ambulance driver or attendant.

      2.  A person discharged in violation of subsection 1 may commence a civil action against the person’s employer and obtain:

      (a) Wages and benefits lost as a result of the violation;

      (b) An order of reinstatement without loss of position, seniority or benefits;

      (c) Damages equal to the amount of lost wages and benefits; and

      (d) Reasonable attorney’s fees fixed by the court.

      3.  Any applicant for employment who is, and any employee who becomes, a volunteer ambulance driver or attendant must disclose that fact to his or her prospective or present employer.

      4.  As used in this section, “volunteer ambulance driver or attendant” means a person who is a driver of or attendant on an ambulance owned or operated by:

      (a) A nonprofit organization that provides volunteer ambulance service in any county, city or town in this State; or

      (b) A political subdivision of this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 467)

      NRS450B.870  Medical review committee entitled to autopsy records concerning death under review; sharing of information concerning subject of review; autopsy records are privileged.

      1.  A medical review committee is entitled to access to any autopsy records relating to a death under review.

      2.  Each organization represented on a medical review committee to review the medical care or death of a person shall share with other members of the committee information in its possession concerning the person who is the subject of the review and any other information deemed by the organization to be pertinent to the review.

      3.  Any autopsy records provided to a medical review committee pursuant to this section are privileged records for the purposes of NRS 49.119 and 49.121.

      4.  As used in this section, “medical review committee” means a medical review committee of a county or district board of health that certifies, licenses or regulates providers of emergency medical services pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, but only when functioning as a peer review committee.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 2478)

PENALTIES

      NRS 450B.900  Penalties for violation.

      1.  Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      2.  In addition to any criminal penalty imposed, the Division may impose against any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter, an administrative penalty in an amount established by the State Board of Health by regulation.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 1147; A 2011, 2513)