[Rev. 11/21/2013 10:19:49 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 239B - DISCLOSURE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION TO GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES

NRS 239B.010        Request by agency of State or political subdivision for information on certain persons from Federal Bureau of Investigation.

NRS 239B.020        Request by public safety agency for certain information on applicant for position of firefighter or peace officer from employer or former employer of applicant; use of information; confidentiality.

NRS 239B.030        Recorded, filed or otherwise submitted documents.

NRS 239B.040        Databases containing electronic mail addresses or telephone numbers of certain persons; use of information; confidentiality.

NRS 239B.050        Websites.

NRS 239B.060        Immunity of officer, employee or member of governmental agency or public body from damages resulting from certain acts and omissions in carrying out the provisions of NRS 239B.030 and 239B.050.

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      NRS 239B.010  Request by agency of State or political subdivision for information on certain persons from Federal Bureau of Investigation.

      1.  Any agency of the State or any political subdivision may request of and receive from the Federal Bureau of Investigation information on the background and personal history of any person:

      (a) Who has applied to it for a license as required by any statute or local ordinance which it has the power to grant or deny;

      (b) With whom it intends to enter into a relationship of employment or a contract for personal services;

      (c) Who has applied to it to attend an academy for training peace officers approved by the Peace Officers’ Standards and Training Commission; or

      (d) About whom it is authorized by law to have accurate personal information for the protection of the agency or the people within its jurisdiction.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3:

      (a) To request and receive information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation concerning a person pursuant to subsection 1, the agency or political subdivision must:

             (1) Require the person to submit a complete set of his or her fingerprints; and

             (2) Forward the fingerprints to the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for its report.

      (b) Only the Central Repository may:

             (1) Receive fingerprints from an agency of the State or any political subdivision for submission to the Federal Bureau of Investigation pursuant to this section;

             (2) Submit those fingerprints to the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and

             (3) Receive a report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation based on the submission of those fingerprints.

      3.  If an agency or political subdivision that wishes to request and receive information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation concerning a person pursuant to subsection 1 is required by federal law to comply with specific procedures to request and receive such information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation:

      (a) The provisions of subsection 2 do not apply to the agency or political subdivision; and

      (b) The agency or political subdivision must comply with the specific procedures required by federal law.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 536; A 2003, 2847; 2005, 16; 2009, 1843)

      NRS 239B.020  Request by public safety agency for certain information on applicant for position of firefighter or peace officer from employer or former employer of applicant; use of information; confidentiality.

      1.  Upon the request of a public safety agency, an employer shall provide to the public safety agency information, if available, regarding a current or former employee of the employer who is an applicant for the position of firefighter or peace officer, as applicable, with the public safety agency. A request for information by a public safety agency pursuant to this subsection must be:

      (a) In writing;

      (b) Accompanied by an authorization signed by the applicant and notarized by a notary public or judicial officer in which the applicant consents to the release of the information; and

      (c) Presented to the employer by a sworn officer or other authorized representative of the public safety agency.

      2.  The information that a public safety agency may request pursuant to subsection 1 includes, without limitation:

      (a) The date on which the applicant began the employment and, if applicable, the date on which the employment of the applicant was terminated;

      (b) A list of the compensation that the employer provided to the applicant during the course of the employment;

      (c) An application for a position of employment that the applicant submitted to the employer;

      (d) A written evaluation of the performance of the applicant;

      (e) A record of the attendance of the applicant;

      (f) A record of disciplinary action taken against the applicant;

      (g) A statement regarding whether the employer would rehire the applicant and, if the employer would not rehire the applicant, the reasons therefor; and

      (h) If applicable, a record setting forth the reason that the employment of the applicant was terminated and whether the termination was voluntary or involuntary.

      3.  An employer shall not provide information pursuant to subsection 1 if the disclosure of the information is prohibited pursuant to a federal or state statute or regulation.

      4.  A public safety agency may use the information that it receives pursuant to this section only to determine the suitability of an applicant for employment as a firefighter or peace officer, as applicable.

      5.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a public safety agency shall maintain the confidentiality of information that it receives pursuant to this section. A public safety agency may share information regarding an applicant that it receives pursuant to this section with another public safety agency if:

      (a) The applicant is also an applicant for a position as a firefighter or peace officer, as applicable, with the other public safety agency and the applicant submitted a single application to be used by multiple public safety agencies; and

      (b) The confidentiality of the information is otherwise maintained.

      6.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Employer” includes a public employer and a private employer.

      (b) “Firefighter” means a person who is a salaried employee of a fire-fighting agency and whose principal duties are to control, extinguish, prevent and suppress fires.

      (c) “Fire-fighting agency” means a public fire department, fire protection district or other agency of this State or a political subdivision of this State, the primary functions of which are to control, extinguish, prevent and suppress fires.

      (d) “Peace officer” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 289.010.

      (e) “Public safety agency” means:

             (1) A fire-fighting agency; or

             (2) A law enforcement agency as defined in NRS 277.035.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1908; A 2007, 1047)

      NRS 239B.030  Recorded, filed or otherwise submitted documents.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2 and 6, a person shall not include and a governmental agency shall not require a person to include any personal information about a person on any document that is recorded, filed or otherwise submitted to the governmental agency on or after January 1, 2007.

      2.  If personal information about a person is required to be included in a document that is recorded, filed or otherwise submitted to a governmental agency on or after January 1, 2007, pursuant to a specific state or federal law, for the administration of a public program or for an application for a federal or state grant, a governmental agency shall ensure that the personal information is maintained in a confidential manner and may only disclose the personal information as required:

      (a) To carry out a specific state or federal law; or

      (b) For the administration of a public program or an application for a federal or state grant.

Ê Any action taken by a governmental agency pursuant to this subsection must not be construed as affecting the legality of the document.

      3.  A governmental agency shall take necessary measures to ensure that notice of the provisions of this section is provided to persons with whom it conducts business. Such notice may include, without limitation, posting notice in a conspicuous place in each of its offices.

      4.  A governmental agency may require a person who records, files or otherwise submits any document to the governmental agency to provide an affirmation that the document does not contain personal information about any person or, if the document contains any such personal information, identification of the specific law, public program or grant that requires the inclusion of the personal information. A governmental agency may refuse to record, file or otherwise accept a document which does not contain such an affirmation when required or any document which contains personal information about a person that is not required to be included in the document pursuant to a specific state or federal law, for the administration of a public program or for an application for a federal or state grant.

      5.  Each governmental agency may ensure that any personal information contained in a document that has been recorded, filed or otherwise submitted to the governmental agency before January 1, 2007, which the governmental agency continues to hold is:

      (a) Maintained in a confidential manner if the personal information is required to be included in the document pursuant to a specific state or federal law, for the administration of a public program or for an application for a federal or state grant; or

      (b) Obliterated or otherwise removed from the document, by any method, including, without limitation, through the use of computer software, if the personal information is not required to be included in the document pursuant to a specific state or federal law, for the administration of a public program or for an application for a federal or state grant.

Ê Any action taken by a governmental agency pursuant to this subsection must not be construed as affecting the legality of the document.

      6.  A person may request that a governmental agency obliterate or otherwise remove from any document submitted by the person to the governmental agency before January 1, 2007, any personal information about the person contained in the document that is not required to be included in the document pursuant to a specific state or federal law, for the administration of a public program or for an application for a federal or state grant or, if the personal information is so required to be included in the document, the person may request that the governmental agency maintain the personal information in a confidential manner. If any documents that have been recorded, filed or otherwise submitted to a governmental agency:

      (a) Are maintained in an electronic format that allows the governmental agency to retrieve components of personal information through the use of computer software, a request pursuant to this subsection must identify the components of personal information to be retrieved. The provisions of this paragraph do not require a governmental agency to purchase computer software to perform the service requested pursuant to this subsection.

      (b) Are not maintained in an electronic format or not maintained in an electronic format in the manner described in paragraph (a), a request pursuant to this subsection must describe the document with sufficient specificity to enable the governmental agency to identify the document.

Ê The governmental agency shall not charge any fee to perform the service requested pursuant to this subsection.

      7.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Governmental agency” means an officer, board, commission, department, division, bureau, district or any other unit of government of the State or a local government.

      (b) “Personal information” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 603A.040.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 2507; A 2005, 22nd Special Session, 97; 2007, 1311; 2013, 3664)

      NRS 239B.040  Databases containing electronic mail addresses or telephone numbers of certain persons; use of information; confidentiality.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section or by specific statute:

      (a) If a person or his or her agent provides the electronic mail address or telephone number of the person to a governmental entity for the purpose of or in the course of communicating with that governmental entity, the governmental entity may maintain the electronic mail address or telephone number in a database.

      (b) A database described in this subsection:

             (1) Is confidential;

             (2) Is not a public book or record within the meaning of NRS 239.010; and

             (3) Must not be disclosed in its entirety as a single unit.

      2.  The individual electronic mail address or telephone number of a person is not confidential and may be disclosed individually in accordance with applicable law if the person or his or her agent provides the electronic mail address or telephone number to a governmental entity:

      (a) In the course of an existing business or contractual relationship with the governmental entity; or

      (b) In the course of seeking to establish a business or contractual relationship with the governmental entity, including, without limitation, in response to a request for proposals or invitation to bid from the governmental entity.

      3.  A governmental entity:

      (a) Shall disclose in its entirety as a single unit a database described in subsection 1 in response to an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction; and

      (b) May disclose in its entirety as a single unit a database described in subsection 1 upon a finding by the governing body of the governmental entity that the disclosure of the database is necessary:

             (1) To protect the public safety; or

             (2) To assist in the investigation or prosecution of a crime.

      4.  The provisions of this section do not alter, limit or otherwise affect the operation of any statute or regulation of this State which provides greater or more stringent protections for the confidentiality of the electronic mail address or telephone number of a person.

      5.  As used in this section, “telephone number” includes, without limitation, the telephone number for a facsimile machine or telecopier.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1043)

      NRS 239B.050  Websites.

      1.  If a public body maintains a website on the Internet, the public body shall not disclose on that website personal information unless the disclosure is required by a federal or state law or for the administration of a public program or an application for a federal or state grant.

      2.  If it appears that a public body has engaged in or is about to engage in any act or practice which violates subsection 1, the Attorney General or the appropriate district attorney may file an action in any court of competent jurisdiction for an injunction to prevent the occurrence or continuance of that act or practice.

      3.  An injunction:

      (a) May be issued without proof of actual damage sustained by any person.

      (b) Does not preclude the criminal prosecution and punishment of an act or practice that may otherwise be prohibited by law.

      4.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Personal information” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 603A.040.

      (b) “Public body” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 205.462.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 2503; A 2007, 1312)

      NRS 239B.060  Immunity of officer, employee or member of governmental agency or public body from damages resulting from certain acts and omissions in carrying out the provisions of NRS 239B.030 and 239B.050.

      1.  An officer, employee or member of a governmental agency or public body is not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, in carrying out the provisions of NRS 239B.030 or 239B.050.

      2.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Governmental agency” means an officer, board, commission, department, division, bureau, district or any other unit of government of the State or a local government.

      (b) “Public body” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 205.462.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1310)